McGill Teaching and Research

Table of Contents


John McCrae is best known for his poem "In Flander's Fields", but

as well he held various positions in the McGill Medical Faculty including Demonstrator/Lecturer in pathology, 1902-1908, and Demonstrator/Lecturer of clinical medicine, 1908-1918.


Originals and Typescripts, 1901, 1918, 1946, 1968, n.d. (Acc. 62, 142, 222, 255, 322, 340)

Apart from a single letter from John McCrae to the McGill Medical Faculty thanking it for awarding him a leave of absence (1901), all this material is about, rather than by or belonging to McCrae. The collection includes Sir Andrew McPhail's typescript of his edition of In Flander's Fields, and other Poems (1918-1919), newsclippings on McCrae's poetry and on memorials to him, and materials from exhibits on McCrae.


Born in Brightwater, New Zealand, Ernest Rutherford was educated at the University of New Zealand. In 1895 he was awarded a scholarship in physics to study abroad and became research assistant at Cambridge's Cavendish Laboratory. In 1898, he came to McGill University where he remained until 1907, when he was appointed Longworthy Professor of Physics at the University of Manchester. The next year Rutherford won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for his work on the transmutation of matter, much of which was conducted at McGill. At Manchester he assembled a brilliant staff, which included Niels Bohr and Hans Geiger, to study the atom. In 1919 Rutherford became head of the Cavendish laboratory at Cambridge. He was knighted in 1914 and was created first Baron Rutherford of Nelson in 1931.


Originals, Printed Materials and Photographs, 1899-1950, 30 cm (M.G. 2002)

This collection of documentation and correspondence concerning Rutherford was apparently assembled by A.N. Shaw. The material falls into four categories: biographical, obituary, pictorial, and memorial.

Apart from copies of two addresses delivered from England by radio to the meeting of the Royal Society of Canada at McGill (1930), and an extensive collection of off-prints, the biographical documentation is about, not by, Rutherford. It comprises newsclippings about Rutherford's work and awards (1909) a curriculum vitae to 1907, a copy of Shaw's article on Rutherford's departure from McGill (1907), and E.R. Terroux's catalogue of Rutherford's McGill laboratory.

Photographic materials include five individual portraits of Rutherford (1905-1937), and a group portrait of Rutherford with other members of the Macdonald Physics Laboratory (1904-1905). There are as well two views of the Macdonald Physics Building lecture theatre and the Physics Department staff taken at the Rutherford Memorial Lecture, 1937.

Obituary materials largely consist of newsclippings about Rutherford's death and copies of commemorative articles. Two drafts of A.N. Shaw's essay "Rutherford at McGill" (1938), as well as correspondence concerning this article, are also included. There is also a copy of McGill's telegram of sympathy to Lady Rutherford, with her reply, and some correspondence concerning the disposal of Rutherford's desk.

Various memorial projects in Rutherford's name are documented by A.N. Shaw's correspondence files (1939-1957). These include incoming and copies of outgoing correspondence about the Rutherford Plaque, the Rutherford Museum (with E.R. Terroux), and the joint Royal Society-Royal Society of Canada Rutherford Memorial Scholarships. This last file largely concerns subscriptions to the fund, but also contains campaign literature and reports.


Copies, 1896-1937, 35 cm (Large MSS)

Copies of correspondence, the originals of which are at the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge University.


Originals, Copies and Photographs, ca 1897-1937

In addition to apparatus which Rutherford used in experiments at McGill, there is a small amount of correspondence, photographs and information relating to Rutherford.



Originals, 1879, 40 pp (Acc. 126)

Notes on medical matters, 1879, containing mostly medico-literary excerpts and anecdotes by an unnamed member of the McGill Medical



Maude Abbott was born in St Andrew's, Québec, and graduated with a B.A. from McGill in 1890. As women were denied admission to McGill's Medical Faculty, she obtained her M.D. from Bishop's Medical School in 1894. Her main area of medical interest was pathology, where she specialized in congenital heart disease. She taught in McGill's Department of Pathology from 1912 to 1935, was the first woman to be honoured by the Pathological Society of London, and published her authoritative Atlas of Congenital Cardiac Disease in 1936. Her second vocation, one inspired and encouraged by Sir William Osler, lay in museum work and medical history. She was curator of the Medical Historical Museum at McGill, and lectured and wrote on a variety of historical topics, her major publication being the History of Medicine in the Province of Québec (1931).


Originals, Printed Materials, Photocopies and Photographs, ca 1928-1940, 73 cm (M.G. 1070)

Abbott's papers reflect her family background, education and private life, as well as her research and publications on medical history. There are no materials relating to her work as a pathologist.

Abbott's family background is documented by a printed history (1931) of St. Matthew's, Grenville, of which Joseph Abbott was the first rector, and glass negative views of the family home in St. Andrew's. Records of her education comprise notebooks (1886-1890) for courses at McGill in classics, philosophy, English literature, and science, her graduation photograph, and a photocopy of her address as Donalda Valedictorian in 1890. Private records include diaries (1930-1940), a commonplace-book (1929-1938), and a bundle of notes, clippings, poems, letters and invitations. Three versions of her autobiography survive: the finished "Autobiographical sketch" of 1928 (photocopy), part of an undated autobiography, and a brief autobiographical note.

Records of Abbott's historical research and publications include extensive notes on the history of medicine in Québec as well as papers relating to the publication of her History. Other files contain notes on the admission of women to McGill and other universities, the establishment of the Medical Museum, the

amalgamation of the medical faculties of Bishop's and McGill with some administrative records of the medical faculty. Dr. Abbott's professional correspondence is represented only by a file on the Federation of Canadian Medical Women, 1938.


Originals and Photocopies, ca 1890-1949, 2.92 m (Acc. 191, 375, 412, 438, 606, 648)

These private records and papers relating to the medical and teaching career of Maude Abbott consist in large part of correspondence, 1894-1920, including family correspondence with, among others, her sister Alice Abbott, 1904-1919, and her brother Rev. Harry M. Babin, 1916-1920. Also included are manuscripts and drafts of articles and addresses; case reports; post-mortem records; slides and drawings; exhibit panels largely pertaining to her research on congenital heart disease; programmes of medical meetings, 1902-1937; reprints and papers relating to the history of medicine in Montréal and Québec, as well as to the history of McGill, 1829-1936. In addition, there are photographs, some poems, an autobiographical sketch and a printed copy of her "Classified and annotated bibliography of Sir William Osler's publications," 1939, with corrections and annotations by W.W. Francis.


E.A. Adair was born in London and educated at the Universities of London and Cambridge. During World War I, he was senior history master at Felstead School, Essex, and after the war served as senior assistant in history at University College, London. In 1925 he joined the History Department at McGill, serving as chairman from 1942 to 1947. He was President of the Canadian Historical Association for 1935-1936, and retired from McGill in 1954.


Originals, Printed Materials and Photographs, 1908-1955, 86 cm (M.G. 1013)

Most of Adair's papers concern his student days and scholarly publications before coming to McGill, and his teaching activities at McGill. There are no materials relating to his administration of the History Department or his presidency of C.H.A. Records of Adair's student days include diplomas, examination papers, lecture syllabi and reading lists from the universities of London and Cambridge, and printed testimonials on his behalf, 1911-1918.

Drafts for scholarly publications on English constitutional history for the years 1916-1928 can be found in manuscript and proof form, as well as correspondence relating to his publications and the reviews they received, 1947-1955. Adair's research materials comprise notes and draft articles on the history of Québec parishes. Records of his teaching career at McGill include notes for lectures, a register of student marks (Restricted), formal examination papers, course outlines and copies of class notes from 1925 to 1954. Adair's family life is documented by a collection of photographs and glass negatives, largely of Adair himself as a child and young man, with family and school friends.


The geologist Frank Dawson Adams was born in Montréal. A brief period of employment with a pharmacist stirred an interest in chemistry which brought him to McGill, where he studied geology, chemistry and metallurgy. He graduated in 1878, and in 1880 joined the staff of the Geological Survey of Canada as chemist and petrographer. From there he went to Heidelberg, where he earned his Ph.D., and Zurich to study a revolutionary petragraphic technique: examining mineral slices in slides under a polarization microscope. Microscopy was particularly useful for deciphering metamorphism in rocks, which in turn contributed to the detection and description of ore deposits. In 1889, Adams was appointed lecturer at McGill, and five years later succeeded Dawson as Logan Professor of Geology. He was Acting Principal, 1919-1920, and Vice-Principal from 1920 to 1924 when he retired. Throughout this period, he was an active researcher producing pioneering studies of the Upper Laurentian region, Pre-Cambrian rocks of the Grenville series, the Monteregian archipelago, but particularly on the deformation or flow of rocks.

Adams served as President of the Royal Society of Canada (1913) and the Geological Society of America (1918). After his retirement he travelled extensively, published a history of geology (1938) and cultivated his library of early printed books on geology. He was an Anglican, and wrote a history of Christ Church Cathedral, Montréal.


Originals, Printed Materials, Photocopy, Photographs, Glass Lantern slides, 1896-1941, 75 cm (M.G. 1014)

Adams' papers are largely concerned with his experiments on the mechanical deformation of rocks. Glass lantern slides, both for lectures and private record, are also included, as well as some materials on his interest in religion and in the history of geology.

His scientific research is documented by working papers and experimental materials on rock deformation, 1896-1912. These consist of ten notebooks and one scrapbook recording his experiments, as well as notes, photographs, and carbons of typescript chapters on background literature, equipment used, and specific minerals. There are also graphs recording results, and over 1,000 photographs, glass negatives, and petrographic microscope slides. Adams' index-card bibliography lists articles and reports on Canadian geology and mining (ca 1900-1920).

Adams' collection of glass slides and negatives were used for teaching geology and as a private record of his travels and family life. These slides number approximately 1,000, and show mines (particularly in Canada) volcanoes and glaciers, a large collection of views of Mexico, the Laurentians, China, the Rockies, England and Palestine, as well as family and vacation scenes. Also included are two essays, and an outline for a third on the Christian life (1937), short reflexions on his activities from 1937 to 1942, a photocopy of his will (1943), clippings of articles where he is mentioned (1919-1942), and notices of his history of Christ Church Cathedral (1941). Adams' interest in the history of geology is reflected in a manuscript biography of A.R.C. Selwyn, for the centenary of the Geological Society of Edinburgh, and a handful of letters and notes on the early use of the word "geology" (1932). His post-retirement travels resulted in a manuscript essay on mining in Malaya.


Originals, 1899-1940, 2 m (Large MSS)

This material consists of notes on the genealogy of the Adams family; a scrapbook, with notes (1908); notes for an autobiography; and letters concerning the formation of the Khaki University (1918-1919). There are also letters to Adams (1899-1940); geological note books; diaries (1924-1936), including voyages to Far East in 1926-1927 and 1931; and notes on the geology of Ceylon.


Beryl Anderson was born in Nova Scotia, and earned her B.A. (1946) and M.A.(1949) in classics from Dalhousie University. After a period as a school teacher and lecturer at Dalhousie, she received her B.L.S. (1956). Thereafter she taught in the Library School at McGill until 1973, when she was appointed chief of the Library Documentation Centre of the National Library of Canada. Her major research and publishing work has been in the field of special libraries.


Photocopies, ca 1968-1970, 2 cm (M.G. 1015)

Anderson's papers document her work with the McGill Association of University Teachers (MAUT).


A native of Montréal, Edward Archibald received his M.D., C.M. from McGill in 1896. After post-graduate work in France, Germany and England, he joined the staff of the Royal Victoria Hospital in 1904 as assistant surgeon. He was a major in the Canadian Army Medical Corps during World War I and it was at the McGill General Hospital in Boulogne that he developed new techniques in the treatment of war wounds, especially those of the lungs. In 1923 Archibald became senior professor of surgery at McGill, and in 1939 was named surgeon-in-chief of the Royal Victoria Hospital. In the Second World War he served as consulting surgeon to the Directorate of Medical Services in Ottawa, and at the time of his death was working on a book about war wounds.


Originals and Printed Materials, 1896-1947, 5 cm (M.G. 3010)

Archibald's papers consist of five typescript lectures and addresses on medical topics: a lecture on abdominal combat wounds (ca 1917), a conference paper on diseases of the jejunum and colon, an address on the relationship of the study of the classics to medicine, a citation presenting Dr. Jonathan Meakins as president of the Canadian Medical Association, and an obituary tribute to a surgeon, Dr. Crile.


Originals and Typescripts, 1898-1945 (Acc. 6, 545)

These papers include correspondence, memoranda and reports pertaining to the Ministry of National Defence, 1940-1945; certificates and a photograph. The correspondents include family members, John McCrae, William Osler, 1910-1911, 1919 and the Ministry of National Defence, 1940-1945. There is also a draft of a book on wound ballistics and gas gangrene and an Army Field Service book, 1916.


A native of Leeds, Québec, George Armstrong received his M.D., C.M. from McGill in 1877. He spent several years of study abroad in England, Germany and France. At the Radium Institute in Paris he investigated therapeutic uses of this element and later introduced these techniques to Montréal. From 1890 to 1911 he was a surgeon at the Montreal General Hospital, and in 1911 was appointed chief surgeon of the Royal Victoria Hospital. He joined the staff of McGill's Medical Faculty in 1894 where he remained until his retirement as Emeritus Professor in 1923. During his last year at McGill he was Dean of the Faculty. In 1916 Armstrong was named consulting surgeon to the Canadian Expeditionary Forces, and was awarded a C.M.G. in 1918 for his war services.


Originals, Printed and Photographs, 1852-1933, 7 cm (M.G. 2024)

Armstrong's papers primarily document his social life. They consist overwhelmingly of correspondence for the period 1909-1933. Letters from his professional colleagues, such as Sir William Osler, F.J. Shepard, Edward Archibald, William J. Mayo and others in the Mayo Clinic, are concerned largely with personal greetings, association memberships, or Medical Faculty business, particularly honorary degrees. Armstrong's non-medical correspondents include Lord Beaverbrook, Lord Atholstan, Sir Hugh Allan, Arthur Meighen, George Foster and Herbert Symonds. Topics include politics, Armstrong's war work and honours, some medicals matters, and personal news. Appended to this main series are obituaries and letters of sympathy to Armstrong's widow (1933), six photographs, including one of Armstrong in an operating room, and admission cards and diplomas from Armstrong's student years.


Boris Babkin was born in Russia, and received his M.D. from the Military-Medical Academy of St. Petersburg in 1904. It was there that he met the pioneering physiologist Ivan P. Pavlov. He worked as Pavlov's assistant until 1912, and remained a close friend throughout his life; for example in 1959, he published a biography of his old master. From 1912 until 1922, Babkin taught physiology at various Russian institutes, but in 1922 political considerations forced him into exile in London. After a short period as professor of physiology at Dalhousie, he joined McGill's Faculty of Medicine in 1928. This inaugurated an active period of research and publishing, particularly on glandular secretions and the nervous system. After his retirement in 1942, Babkin continued at McGill as a research fellow in physiology and neurology, and as an associate of the Montreal Neurological Institute.


Originals and Printed Materials, 1908-1948, 88 cm (M.G.1071)

These papers almost exclusively consist of records of his research and publications. His publications files contain drafts of various scientific papers, largely on secretions, correspondence regarding the reception of Die Aussere Sekretion der Verdauungsdrusen (1928) and negotiations surronding the publication of the Pavlov biography, and a biographical file containing a curriculum vitae, bibliography, and correspondence concerning appointments, honorary degrees, (1923-1948). Research materials comprise six volumes of reports on laboratory experiments and a file of daily laboratory reports (1923-1943). Babkin's professional correspondence with scholars and scientific associations covers the years 1928 to 1943. Most of the letters, incoming and drafts of outoing, concern research problems, consultation on draft articles by colleagues, and Babkin's own publications. There are also negotiations for speaking engagements, and a scattering of items on Babkin's social involvements, e.g. relief for Russian refugees, and letters from students.


Originals, Typescripts and Photographs, ca 1871-1948, 75 cm (Acc. 390)

These papers mainly relate to Babkin's professional interests in physiology, especially glandular secretion and the nervous system. His papers include correspondence; lecture notes; citations; research notes and papers, including manuscripts sent to him by his colleagues; numerous reprints of scientific articles, mainly in Russian; and material used in the preparation of the biography of Ivan Pavlov. The latter contains correspondence with Ivan Petrovich Pavlov and members of his family, 1923-1948; photographs and portraits; and an unabridged typescript copy of Parts 1-3 of "Pavlov: a Biography" with manuscript corrections, 1943-1946.


Howard Barnes was born in Massachusetts, and came to Canada in 1879. After receiving his bachelor's (1893) and D.Sc. degrees (1900) from McGill, he joined the University's Physics Department. In 1908 he succeeded Ernest Rutherford as Macdonald Professor of Physics, and in 1919 became chairman of the department. His particular interest was research on icebergs and in reducing ice on the St. Lawrence River. He retired in 1933.


Originals, Printed Materials, Photographs and Motion Pictures, ca 1907-ca 1929, 88 cm (M.G. 1016)

Barnes' papers are almost entirely of a professional and research

nature, covering his general scientific and university work during World War I, a number of special research problems, and his involvement in scientific and social organizations.

His general scientific and university files (1914-1915) contain correspondence, including copies of some of Barnes' outgoing letters on departmental adminstration, Barnes' lectures, publications, scientific apparatus, research problems and the exchange of information. Correspondents include colleagues in other insitutions (including Ernest Rutherford), learned societies, and private industry. This series also contains a file on purchases for the University Library, and inventories of Barnes' library.

Far more extensive are the materials on special research problems. These comprise notes, essays and correspondence on the detection of submarines (1915-1917) and on the development of anti-freezing devices for fire extinguisher and sprinkler systems (1917). A report by Barnes on the effect of ice conditions on St. Lawrence navigaton is supplemented by printed background materials and copies, or extracts from, other reports. Barnes' work on icebergs is documented by five binders of clippings, photographs, maps and diary notes on research expeditions to Newfoundland (1924-1929). Practical experiments in ice clearance are illustrated by bound notebooks of clippings and photographs, as well as a number of loose photographs showing ice and flooding damage, use of thermite and calcium chloride, apparatus and ice-crushers (ca 1921-1929). Finally, two reels of 35 mm motion picture film (ca 1930) show Barnes experimenting with a new mercury microthermometer.

Barnes' work as Hon. Secretary of the Canadian Committee of the British Science Guild is documented by correspondence from 1907 to 1919, largely concerning the recruitment of members and officers, but also touching on a survey of science teaching in schools and the Panama-Pacific Exposition of 1917. Less extensive files cover Barnes' involvement in the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (1912-1914), the Rotary Club (1917) and the McGill Graduates' Society (1919).


D.G. Bates was appointed Associate Professor of the history of medicine and chairman of the department in 1966. In 1976 he became Thomas F. Cotton Professor of the History of Medicine.


Photocopies, 1968, 1972, 139 pp. (Acc. 626)

Transcription of a taped diary of Bates, June-25 July 1968, with postscript June 1972, entitled "Newfoundland Summer, 1968."


Born in Chicago of Canadian parents, Beach came to Canada in 1916. He received his B.A. (1934) from Queen's University in economics and his M.A. (1936) and Ph.D. (1938) from Harvard University. While a graduate student at Harvard, he was appointed instructor in Economics. In 1936, he became Assistant Professor at City College of New York. Acting director of the McGill School of Commerce in 1940 and its Director from 1941 to 1945, in 1946 he became Bronfman Professor of Commerce. From 1946 to 1948, Beach was chairman of the Social Studies and Commerce Group and, from 1951 to 1954, chairman of the Department of Economics and Political Science.


Originals, 1962-1969, 48 cm (M.G. 1018)

These papers concern the work of the committees on which Beach served from 1962 to 1969, and contain correspondence, memoranda, proposals, and reports, mostly for the Academic Policy Committee and the University Libraries Committee.


Edward Beatty was born in Thorold, Ontario; his father Henry Beatty, was the founder of Beatty Lines, a Great Lakes steampship company. After completing his education at the University of Toronto and Osgoode Hall, Beatty joined the legal department of the Canadian Pacific Railroad in 1901. He was promoted to general solicitor in 1910, vice president in 1914 and in 1918, he succeeded Lord Shaughnessy as president. As president of C.P.R. he steered the company through boom and depression, expanding its operations into steamships and hotels. Beatty was involved with philanthropic and educational work and was particularly active in hospitals and boys' associations. He served as Chancellor of Queen's University from 1918 to 1921, and of McGill from 1921 until his death. Knighted in 1935, he was appointed representative of Britain's Ministry of War Transport in Canada at the outbreak of World War II.


Originals, 1930, 35 pp (New MSS)

Manuscript of "The City of Business and How it was Built".


Born at Marimont in Alsace, Jean Robert Beck emigrated to the United States in 1928. He received his B.A. from Miami University in 1931, and his M.A. from Stanford in 1933. He taught in Utah, at Stanford, and in Chicago before coming to McGill in 1938 as sessional lecturer in German, a position he held until 1941.


Original, 1941, 1 item (M.G. 3041)

A letter from principal F.C. James to J.R. Beck (1941) concerning

Eugene Forsey's appointment in the Economics Department.


Robert Bell was born in New Malden, England, of Canadian parents,

and returned to British Columbia with his parents shortly after his birth. He graduated in mathematics and physics from the University of British Columbia in 1939, and took his M.A. in 1941. During World War II, Bell worked for the National Research Council on radar development. In 1946 he joined the Chalk River Laboratories and began work on his Ph.D. for McGill, in the course of which he made important discoveries on the binding energy of deuterium, thus opening a new field in low-energy physics. Most of his research since has concerned measurement of nucleus activity. He received his doctorate in 1948, and joined the staff of the Foster Radiation Laboratory at McGill in 1952. He was appointed Associate Professor of Physics in 1956, and named Rutherford Professor in 1960. From 1960 to 1969 he directed the Foster Radiation Laboratory, and served as Vice-Dean of Physical Sciences from 1964 to 1969. In 1969 he became Dean of the Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research, and in 1970 succeed Rocke Robertson as Principal. He retired as Principal in 1979. In 1983, he was appointed director of the Vancouver Science Centre. Bell was president of the Canadian Association of Physicists in 1965-1966 and of the Royal Society of Canada from 1978 to 1981.


Originals, Copies, 1956-1983, 1.75 m (M.G. 4038)

These papers reflect Bell's career as an academic administrator and his participation in learned scientific societies. They reflect his involvement with the Canadian Association of Physicists (1960-1968), his election to the Royal Society of London (1966) and to the Principalship of McGill, conferences, lectures and journeys undertaken throughout the period covered by

the papers, and the business of the Physics Department and the Arts and Science Faculty. Approximately 50 cm concerns the Royal Society of Canada from 1977 to 1982. A half-dozen files concern selection committees for university posts: access to these is restricted.


E.H. Bensley's academic career started in 1932 when he was appointed assistant demonstrator in Biochemistry. He was successively demonstrator in Medicine (1937-1945), lecturer (1946-1947), assistant (1948-1952), associate (1953-1963) and Professor (1964- ). He served as Acting Dean of the Faculty of Medicine, 1963-1964. Throughout his career, he maintained an interest in the history of medicine and has published many articles on the subject. He is the honorary Osler Librarian.


Originals, Typescripts and Mimeographs, 1927-1928, 1958-1973 (Acc. 12, 310, 311, 320, 370, 444, 559)

Included are laboratory notebooks for pathology courses attended by Bensley at the University of Toronto, 1927-1928, and various papers and addresses and files on the history of medicine.


Physicist Etienne Bieler was born in Switzerland and came to Montréal with his family at the age of thirteen. He obtained his B.Sc. in mathematics and physics from McGill in 1915, and during the latter part of the First World War, worked in the Anti-Submarine Division of the British Admiralty. Returning to McGill after the war, Bieler earned an M.Sc. in Physics (1920) and won a scholarship to Caius College, Cambridge, where he joined the Cavendish Laboratory as a research student. There he worked with Sir Ernest Rutherford on the Alpha-particle bombardment of the atom. Bieler's important insights into the laws of force around the atomic nucleus were presented in his Ph.D. thesis (1923). Upon his return to Montréal, Bieler was appointed Assistant Professor of physics at McGill, and developed a new interest in applied geophysics. He tested his method for electrical detection of mineral ores in Rouyn, Québec. In 1928 he took a leave of absence from McGill to become deputy director of a government-sponsored mining expedition in Australia, where he died after a brief bout of pneumonia.


Originals and Printed Materials, 1914-1931, 30 cm (M.G. 3029)

Bieler's papers comprise research materials, manuscript essays, teaching materials, and some private correspondence and obituary materials. Research materials largely stem from Bieler's period as a graduate student at McGill and Cambridge. These consist of solutions to mechanics problems (1919), lecture notes for a course on tenser calculus by Prof. Gillson of Cambridge (1922-1923) and five notebooks containing experimental observations at the Cavendish Laboratory and reading notes concerning atomic physics (1919-1925). Amongst a large collection of Bieler's off-print articles are two manuscripts for papers on "Fermi-Dirac Statistical Mechanics and some applications" and "A new method for the detection and investigation of ore deposit by means of electric currents" (ca 1928). Bieler's lecture notes are available for a university course in statics (1926-27) and for a course on telegraphy he gave to the McGill C.O.T.C. (1920).

Apart from a memo on differential calculus from L.V. King (1926),

Bieler's private correspondence consist of seven letters written by Bieler to Prof. A.S. Eve from Australia, describing his work on the mining expedition. These letters form part of a file of letters of tribute to Bieler and other obituary materials assembled by A.S. Eve. (1919-31). As well, there are a few letters to and from Bieler's family concerning the donation of his library to McGill.


William Massey Birks, the eldest son of Henry Birks, founder of the jewelry firm that bears his name, was born in Montréal. He was educated at McGill University, and entered his father's business in 1885. In 1910 he became a Governor of McGill. Birks also served as chairman of the Joint Board which brought together the Theological Colleges affiliated with McGill, and was a generous contributor to the Endowment Fund of the Faculty of Divinity. He was President of the Canadian Institute of International Affairs in 1938, and during World War II organized the Canadian United Allied Relief Fund and the National Clothing Campaigns. He was awarded a C.B.E.


Originals and Printed Materials, 1911-1948, 13 cm (M.G. 1019)

Three scrapbooks document Birks' involvement with McGill, particularly with the Theological Colleges and the Faculty of Divinity. One contains newspaper clippings and correspondence (1912-1913) concerning the United College of Theology. The second scrapbook contains newspaper clippings and correspondence (1912-1948) on the establishment of the Faculty of Divinity at McGill. The third contains telegrams concerning the appointment of Sir Auckland Geddes as Principal in 1919, as well as newspaper clippings regarding the McGill Fund Campaign (1911) and the Patriotic Fund, (1914-1917). There is also correspondence about church matters and the Joint Theological Colleges and brief accounts of the establishment of the latter, correspondence, minutes, reports, reminiscences and notes document the establishment of the Faculty of Divinity in 1948. There is also a builder's contract and accounts for the Birks building on University Street and a draft fragment of a historical story or novel set in the 14th century about a Richard Birks.


A.D. Blackader joined the staff of the McGill Faculty of Medicine

in 1882 as instructor in children's diseases. Subsequently he was

Professor of materia medica and therapeutics (1892-1894), pharmacology and therapeutics (1895-1921), diseases of children (1906-1921) and paediatrics (1912-1921). He was acting Dean of the Faculty (1915-1919) and Emeritus Professor of pharmacology (1921-1932).


Originals, Typescripts and Mimeographs, 1865-1933, 26 cm (Acc. 407, 604)

Personal papers of Blackader include correspondence, early diaries, autobiographical notes, papers, lectures, certificates, diplomas, testimonials, photographs, obituaries, some memorabilia and reprints. The papers and lectures, ca 1914, deal with alcohol, anaesthesia, cocaine, digitalis, drugs, opium, pharmacology, therapeutics and wood alcohol.

BLAND, JOHN, 1911-

John Bland was born in Lachine, Québec, and earned a bachelor's degree in architecture from McGill in 1933. He began to teach in the School of Architecture in 1939, and served as its secretary from 1939 to 1941. He was appointed director of the School in 1941 and Macdonald Professor in 1957. He became Emeritus Professor in 1979. Bland is a former partner of Bland, Lemoyne and Shine, Architects and Planning Consultants. His special research field is the history of Québec architecture.


Originals, Copies, Photographs and Printed Materials, ca 1960-1984, 10 m

Bland's teaching and research files comprise 1.7 m of notes, photocopies, correspondence, printed material and photographs on Montréal architects (with special emphasis on Percy Nobbs) and historic buildings. Supplementing these are a variety of pictorial materials: approximately 125 photocopies, photographs and tracings of historic maps and plans, overwhelmingly devoted to Montréal and Québec City; approximately 250 photographs and tracings of plans of historic buildings in Montréal and Québec City; 71 boxes of 35 mm slides of Canadian buildings, together with 4 boxes on buildings in the United States and 2 on Québec arts and crafts; and 3 boxes of 35 mm slide reproductions of paintings depicting Canadian buildings, indexed.

Bland's original designs comprise a roll of drawings for the McGill Housing Study (1952-1954), prepared in cooperation with Guy Desbarats.


Originals and Photocopies, 1961-1966, 1 cm (New MSS)

These papers relate to a dining club, the Philogastric Institute of McGill, and include correspondence, principally from Richard Pennington to John Bland, as well as printed menus.


Helmut Blume was born in Berlin, and educated at the University of Berlin (1932-1933) and the Berlin Academy of Music (1933-1938). He emigrated to Canada and spent the early years of the War in the civilian internment camp in Sherbrooke. From 1942 to 1943 he studied at the Toronto Conservatory of Music, and in 1946 joined the staff of McGill's Faculty of Music as instructor in piano. As Dean (1963-1976), Blume presided over an exceptional period of expansion in the Faculty's history. He was also a regular contributor to CBC programmes as pianist, writer, composer and commentator, and is the author of numerous short stories and reviews.


Photocopies, 1942, 3 cm (M.G. 1020)

Blume's papers comprise three works for piano, which he describes as "meine gesammelten Werke" ("my collected works"). Two of these -- an arrangement of the "Emperor Waltz", and "Variations on an American Folk-Song" -- were written in the Sherbrooke Internment Camp in 1942. The third, "Picture book for Veronika" was written later that year in Toronto.


Henry Taylor Bovey was born in Devonshire, England, and was educated at Cambridge University. He became a civil engineer and worked for the Mersey Docks and Harbour Works. In 1877 he came to Montréal as Professor of civil engineering and applied mechanics at McGill University. The following year the Faculty of Applied Science was organized, with Bovey as its Dean. As well as teaching, he did consulting work in connection with bridge design and structure, as well as hydraulic engineering. In 1908 he resigned his post at McGill to become Rector of the Imperial College of Science and Technology, England, but retired in the following year.


Photograph, Printed Materials, 1893-ca 1908, 2 items (M.G. 1021)

Copy of a photographic portrait of Bovey (ca 1908), and a certificate from McGill dated 1893.


A.A. Browne was Elective Fellow, Faculty of Medicine, 1879-1880 and Professor of midwifery and diseases of children, 1883-1887.


Originals, 1875, 125 p (Acc. 231)

Notes for lectures by Arthur Annesley Browne pertaining to midwifery in Ontario.


T.J.W. Burgess was born in Toronto and graduated in medicine from the University of Toronto. His speciality was the care of the mentally ill. He served as assistant physician and assistant superintendent of the London Asylum for the Insane (1875-1887) and assistant superintendent of the Hamilton Lunatic Asylum (1887-1890). In 1893 he was appointed lecturer in mental diseases in the Medical Faculty of McGill University, and was promoted to Professor in 1899. In the same year he became medical superintendent of the Protestant Hospital for the Insane (now the Douglas Hospital), a position he held until his retirement in 1923. Burgess was also a respected botanist.


Originals, 1875-1890, 1.5 cm (CM7)

Burgess' correspondence on botanical subjects stems from his years in London and Hamilton, Ontario.


William Caldwell was born in Edinburgh and educated at Edinburgh University, where he won the Shaw Fellowship. After post-graduate work in Germany, France and Cambridge, he came to the United States in 1891, and taught philosophy at Cornell, the University of Chicago, and Northwestern University. In 1903 he became Macdonald Professor of Moral Philosophy at McGill, a position he held until his retirement in 1929. Caldwell's travels and lectures in Europe took a new turn after the First World War when he developed a special interest in the new nations of Eastern Europe, particularly Poland under its philosopher-president, Masaryk. He was decorated by the governments of Poland, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia for his promotion of their interests in the English-speaking world. Caldwell also wrote two major philosopical studies on Schopenhauer and on Pragmatism and Idealism.


Printed Materials and Photographs, 1881-1942, 4 cm (M.G. 1024)

Caldwell's papers are largely off-prints and clippings of articles, 1916-1932, on education and politics, particularly in relation to Poland. There are also printed copies of testimonials for his applications for the chairs of philosophy at Aberdeen (1900) and St. Andrew's (1903), an annotated programme for the London Conference on Re-Affirming the World's Moral Ideal (1922),

at which he represented Canada, and a poster for his 1896 Shaw Lecture at Edinburgh, on Schopenhauer.


D. Ewen Cameron was born in Scotland and received his medical degree from the University of Glasgow in 1924. He began his career as resident surgeon at Glasgow Infirmary, but in 1929 came to Canada to work in the Brandon Mental Hospital. In 1936, he became Director of Research at Worcester State Hospital in Massachussetts, and in 1938 was appointed Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry at Albany State Medical School. It was at Albany that Cameron conducted his most important research on sensory deprivation, memory and aging.

In 1943, Cameron entered on a new phase of his career when he was

appointed Professor of Psychiatry at McGill and director of the newly-created Allan Memorial Institute. On the clinical side, he established in-patient and out-patient services, and a day-hospital programme. He developed laboratories for psychiatric research, and promoted advances in psychiatric training through undergraduate curricula and teaching hospital programmes. Cameron's high reputation in the psychiatric field is attested by his appointment in 1945 to the American panel to examine Rudolf Hess at the Nuremberg trials. After retiring from the Allan in 1964, he returned to Albany as Research Professor at the Albany Medical School and Director of the Laboratory for Research in Psychiatry and Aging at the Veterans' Administration Hospital.


Originals and Printed Materials, 1941-1971, 10 cm, 3 reels of microfilm (M.G. 1098)

In addition to some items of biographical interest, Cameron's papers contain teaching materials, articles and addresses, and a file on the Rudolf Hess case. Teaching materials consist of notes for a seminar on tension and anxiety for military psychiatric personnel (1943). Articles and addresses comprise a draft, with letter from the McGill Medical Journal, an article on psychiatric education (1944) an address to the American Psychiatric Association on day-hospitals (1947), opening remarks for the World Congress of Psychiatry meeting (1961), and "Some thoughts on my years as director of the (Allan Memorial) Institute" (1964). There are also a few reprints of articles on memory, psychiatric training, and hospitalization. The file on Rudolf Hess contains trial transcripts, examination reports, Cameron's contemporary notes on Hess's condition, and some later comments on and correspondence about the proceedings (1945-1947). Biographical materials consists of a copy of Cameron's letter of appointment at McGill (1943), and a biographical sketch by Dorothy Trainor of the Allan Memorial Institute. These papers, together with reprints of his articles, have been microfilmed.


Philip Carpenter (brother of William Benjamin Carpenter, an eminent physiologist and friend of Charles Darwin) was born in Bristol and was educated at Manchester College, York and earned his B.A. from the University of London in 1841. As Presbyterian minister in Stand, and later Warrington, he was active in philanthropic and educational activities. His scientific work began, however, in 1855 when he started a shell collection. His descriptions of shells and scientific nomenclature of varieties became outstanding contributions to conchology. Carpenter settled in Montréal in 1865, and in the last year of his life was appointed lecturer in malacology and honorary curator of the shell collection he donated to McGill University.


Originals, 1837-1840, 4 cm (M150.Bd144)

Carpenter's "Orations on philosophical topics" stem from his days as a student at Manchester College, York.


George Swan Challies was born in Ottawa and was educated at McGill University, and L'Ecole des Sciences Politiques, Paris. He was called to the Bar of Québec in 1935 and practised law with the firm of Brown, Montgomery, and McMichael in Montréal from 1935 to 1949. In 1949, he was appointed a Justice of the Superior Court of Québec and was Associate Chief Justice from 1963 to 1973. From 1945 to 1970, Challies lectured in Civil Procedure in the Faculty of Law and in Engineering Law in the Faculty of Engineering at McGill University. In 1947, he was created K.C. Challies also served as a member of the Committee for Revision of the Code of Civil Procedure of Québec, 1960-1965. He co-authored Unjustified Enrichment in Québec, (1st ed. 1940, 2nd ed. 1952) and The Law of Expropriation, (1st ed. 1954; 2nd ed. 1963). As well, he translated Cheradame's Les Deux Amériques into English (The Two Americas, 1941).


Originals and Printed Materials, 1946-1971, 18 cm (M.G. 1025)

Challies' papers are related to his teaching career at McGill. They consist of two binders of lecture notes and one of case materials for his course in Civil Procedure (1946-1966), and a file of correspondence, course materials and examinations for his

course in Engineering Law (1969-1971).

CHAMBERS, FRANK P., fl 1929-1940

Frank P. Chambers was educated at Cambridge University, and served as Assistant Professor of architecture at McGill from 1929 to 1940.


Originals and Photographs, n.d., 45 cm, ca 70 photographs and 6 drawings

Most of Chamber's papers stem from his student years. They comprise student notebooks, a number of which are on non-architectural subjects (e.g. German grammar), lectures on architectural aesthetics, and a typescript of a murder mystery set in an artists' colony. Sculptures produced by Chambers while a student at the Royal Academy are the subject of ca 60 photographs and negatives. Six student drawings include one of the series submitted by Chambers for the Tite Prize in 1925; his entire submission is recorded on 5 photographs.


Walter W. Chipman was born in Wolfville, Nova Scotia. He obtained his B.A. from Acadia University in 1890 and his M.D. in 1898 from the University of Edinburgh. After post-graduate work in London, Paris, Vienna and Berlin, Chipman joined the teaching staff of the Faculty of Medicine at McGill in 1900 as demonstrator in gynaecology, and in the same year joined the staff of the Royal Victoria Hospital. He was appointed Professor of gynaecology in 1910. From 1943 to 1947 he served as president of the Royal Victoria Hospital and he was a member of the Board of Governors of McGill from 1932 to 1948. Chipman retired in 1929 as Emeritus Professor.


Originals, Printed Material and Photographs, ca 1894-1947, 1 item

(M.G. 3020)

Scrapbook primarily devoted to his diplomas and certificates, photographs and obituaries.

CHITTICK, RAE McINTYRE, fl 1922-1974

Nursing educator Rae Chittick was born in Ontario and grew up in Alberta. After graduating from the Johns Hopkins Hospital School of Nursing in 1922, she worked as a nurse in British Columbia and Alberta. Chittick pursued further studies at Columbia (B.Sc. in Public Health Nursing, 1931) and Sanford (M.A. in Education, 1942). She came to McGill in 1953 as Director of the School for Graduate Nurses. She was named Flora Madeline Shaw Professor of Nursing in 1958, and retired as Emeritus Professor in 1963. After her retirement, she worked as a consultant on nursing education in the West Indies, Africa and Australia.


Originals, Printed Materials, Photographs, 1941-1974, 10 cm (M.G. 3075)

These papers reflect Chittick's activities in nursing education, with special emphasis on her role as publicist and consultant. Her typescripts of articles for nursing journals, and her addresses to nursing schools, nursing associations, and graduating classes of nurses cover the years 1950-1966, and are concerned largely with nursing training and nursing philosophy. Her work as a consultant, particularly for the World Health Organization in Australia (1968), and in Ghana and the West Indies, is documented by her reports and addresses, as well as photographs (e.g. of Chittick with Prime Minister Nkrumah of Ghana) and other mementos. Related to this work are some comments by Chittick of a doctoral dissertation on health care in Ghana (1971). Personal material stems primarily from the 1963 Convocation when Chittick was named Emeritus Professor; it comprises photographs and a copy of the citation.


Born in London, England, Thomas H. Clark was educated at Harvard University from which he received an A.B. in 1917, A.M. 1921, and Ph.D. in 1923. He joined the staff of McGill University in 1924 as Assistant Professor of palaeontology in 1924 and was Logan Professor of palaeontology from 1930 until 1962. He served as chairman of the Department of Geological Sciences from 1952 until 1958 and has been Emeritus Professor since 1963.


Original, 1931, 1 item (M.G. 3055)

Letter from the Royal Ontario Museum concerning J.W. Dawson's The Canadian Ice Age (1931).

CLARKE, DOUGLAS, 1893-1962

Douglas Clarke was born in Reading, England, and received his musical training at Reading University and at Cambridge, where he earned B.A. and Mus. B. degrees. He practiced as an accompanist, and studied composition under Gustav Holst, Ralph Vaughn Williams and Charles Wood. In 1927, Clarke came to Winnipeg as conductor of the Philharmonic Society and the Winnipeg Male Choir. In 1929, he was appointed Director of the McGill University Conservatorium, and in 1930, Dean of the Faculty of Music. In the same year, Clarke was invited to be guest conductor of the newly formed Montreal Orchestra, and shortly thereafter was asked to become its permanent director. He held this post for more than a decade. Clarke also performed as a pianist and guest conductor, and published both vocal and instrumental works.


Originals, Copies, Printed Materials, Photographs, ca 1923-1954, 42 cm (M.G. 3016)

Clarke's papers consist of private correspondence related to his professional work, a few musical manuscripts and texts of addresses, and a large body of personal financial accounts. His correspondence falls into two series. The general correspondence discusses arrangements for concerts in England and Canada, compositions (his own and others'), the problems of musical life in Montréal, and private matters such as travel arrangements and club memberships. Much of the correspondence concerns the social aspects of music and of Clarke's position: patronage of musical events, organization of celebrations for the Jubilee of 1935 and the Coronation in 1937, and complementary tickets to concerts. Amongst his correspondents are a number of muscians and composers, including Sir Ernest MacMillan and Healey Willan. A very small percentage of this material concerns University business. A second series consists of invitations to address or attend meetings, with related correspondence. Both series cover the years 1929-1952.

Over half of the papers consist of personal financial accounts (1929-1953) for Clarke's insurance, taxes, apartment rental, various domestic expenses (e.g. groceries), telegrams, travel, and transportation.

There are two undated addresses: one on Christmas and the second on musical education. There are also two music sketch books, ca 1920. Pictorial material comprises two photographs (ca 1923, 1954) and a pencil sketch (1933).


Born in Cambridge, Mass. in 1904 and educated at the University of Toronto (M.D. 1928) and Aberdeen University (D.Sc. 1932), Robert A. Cleghorn began his career as a junior intern at Toronto General Hospital in 1928. In 1946, he became Assistant Professor of psychiatry at the Allan Memorial Institute, in Montréal. From 1949 to 1960, he was Associate Professor of psychiatry at McGill and, from 1964 to 1970, was Professor of psychiatry and chairman of the department. Cleghorn succeeded Dr. D. Ewen Cameron as director of the Allan Memorial in 1964.


Copy, 1961, 1 item (M.G. 1074)

Carbon copy of Cleghorn's report to the Canadian Medical Association Journal on the Third World Congress of Psychiatry, 1961.


Maxwell Cohen was born in Winnipeg and educated at the University

of Manitoba (B.A. 1930; LL.B. 1934) and at Northwestern University (LL.M. 1936). From 1937 to 1938, he was a research fellow at Harvard Law School. After joining the Bar of Manitoba, he served as junior counsel on the Combines Investigation Committee (1938-1940). From 1940 to 1941, he worked for the Economics Branch of the Department of Munitions and Supply, and after the war he joined the Faculty of Law at McGill, where he served as Dean from 1964 to 1969. He retired as Emeritus Professor in 1978.

Cohen specialized in international law, an interest stimulated by his work for the Technical Assistance Administration of the United Nations in 1951. He directed McGill's Institute of Air and Space Law from 1962 until 1965, and since 1980 he has been attached to the Institute of Law and International Relations at Carleton University. He has also consulted and published on a wide range of legal questions, including business and labour law, family law and civil liberties.


Originals, Copies, Printed Materials, 1923-1974, 6 m (M.G. 1026)

Cohen's papers are for the most part records of his professional and administrative work at McGill, with some materials on his own

research and publishing interests. His university administrative files (1948-1975), while concerned largely with the business of Senate and its committees, also contains a full record of Cohen's work on the McGill brief to the Royal Commission on Bi-culturalism and Bilingualism (1963-1967). Also noteworthy are extensive files on the organization of the McGill conferences on world affairs, industry and government, and the future of competition in Canada (1958-1972), and on student unrest (1960-1970).

Faculty of Law administrative and teaching files (1953-1957) contain notes, memoranda, reports and correspondence concerning admissions, staff relations, curriculum, and study materials. Special emphasis is given to the files on the Institutes of Comparative and International Law, and Air and Space Law, and to Cohen's teaching records for his seminars on international law and government control of business (1966-1973).

Files of correspondence and reports document Cohen's involvement in various professional organizations, legal (e.g. bar associations, Canadian Association for Comparative Law, Canadian Foundation for Education in World Law), educational (e.g. associations of law teachers and law schools, CAUT, MAUT), and international (e.g. ILO). There are also files on conferences concerning law teaching, international law and business law. The period covered is 1952-1975.

Subject files of notes, correspondence, and Cohen's essays and addresses illustrate his interest in diplomacy, international relations, trade unions and industrial arbitration, family law, and civil liberties. Also included are some of his earlier writings (1923-1945) on Canadian business in the pre-war and World War II era, and international relations during the War and famous criminal cases in Western Canada. Most of the papers documenting Maxwell Cohen's national and international career are held by the Public Archives of Canada.


John Cooper received his M.A. from University of Western Ontario,

and in 1938 graduated as McGill's first Ph. D. in history, with a thesis on "French Canadian conservatism in theory and in practice, 1873-1891". He began his teaching career at McGill as a student assistant in 1934; he served as sessional lecturer (1935-1940), Assistant Professor, (1941-1946), Associate Professor (1946-1962) and Professor (1963-1970). He retired in 1970 as Emeritus Professor of History. Cooper also taught courses at Sir George Williams College.

His publications are mostly on Montréal history, and include two books, Montréal, the Story of 300 Years (1942) and Montréal: a Brief History (1969). His textbook of North American history won the Klieforth Prize in 1947.


Originals, Copies, Printed Materials 1930-1971, 60 cm (M.G. 3073)

Cooper's papers fall into two almost equal categories: teaching materials and research materials. The teaching materials are largely files of examination questions, with Cooper's notes and drafts and occasionally some worked answers by students. These cover undergraduate courses at McGill and Sir George (1936-1969),

special subjects, Ph.D. comprehensives, graduate and honours papers (1937-1967), historical method and philosophy of history (1937-1961), and McGill and Sir George courses in Latin American history (1937-1961). Course materials include an outline for an extension course in Canadian history (ca 1950), and notes for a course in 18th century diplomacy. A file of correspondence on History Department business (1952) largely concerns a doctoral thesis for which Cooper was external examiner. Other files contain lists of graduate student papers (1964-1966).

Cooper's research files contain his notes, and occasionally some correspondence, on Latin American and West Indian history, early American historiography, banking and shipping in Québec and the history of higher education in the United States and Québec. His notes on historiography and 18th century diplomacy were probably gathered for the courses he taught in those subjects, and there are about 20 cm of index cards on mercenary regiments in the Crimea. There is a file of correspondence with the British Museum concerning Colonial maps, and one of correspondence and memoranda on Cooper's proposal for a history of McGill (1949). As well, there is a file of correspondence relating to the Klieforth Prize and the publication of Cooper's winning manuscript (1947-1949). Finally, a copy of Cooper's draft article for the Dictionary of Canadian Biography on James and Andrew McGill reflects his interest in Montréal and McGill history.


Violet Couglin, Professor of library science, was born in Montréal. After receiving her B.A. from McGill in 1928, she taught at Montreal High School before returning to McGill for her B.L.S. (1938). From 1941 to 1952, she was librarian of Royal Victoria College. She then joined the faculty of the School of Library Science at McGill, where she taught until her retirement as Emeritus Professor in 1976. During this period, she earned an M.A. (1958) and D.L.S. (1966) from Columbia University, and served as director of the school for 1972-1973. Her doctoral thesis was published as Larger Units of Public Library Service in Canada (Metuchen, N.J., 1968).


Originals and Printed Materials, 1952-1979, 1.25 m (M.G. 1028)

Coughlin's papers concern courses she taught in the Library School (1952-1979), and her own graduate studies and research (1958-1975). Her teaching materials comprise lecture notes, supplemented by clippings, articles, and bibliographies, for courses on book selection (including class lists, marks (restricted), a student project and examinations), research methods, and library work with children. Material stemming from her graduate studies comprise two papers submitted for her M.A., and two unrevised copies of her D.L.S. thesis on Canadian public library services. Her continuing interest in public libraries in Canada generated a series of research files of notes, photocopies and clippings (1961-1975).

CRAIK, ROBERT, 1829-1906

Robert Craik was born in Montréal and graduated from McGill University as M.D., C.M. in 1854. Appointed house surgeon of the Montreal General Hospital, he distinguished himself by his heroic service during the cholera epidemic and by his subsequent reorganization of hospital services. From 1856 until 1861, Craik was demonstrator in anatomy in the Medical Faculty, and in 1859 he became curator of the Medical Museum. In 1861 he was appointed Professor of clinical surgery, and in 1867, Professor of chemistry. Craik gave up teaching in 1879, but remained treasurer of the faculty. He became Dean in 1889, and held this post for eleven years.


Originals and Printed Materials, 1900-1906, 2 cm (M.G. 1077)

The papers contain printed biographical materials: newsclippings on Craik's appointment as Dean (1889), his resignation (1901) and his death, as well as printed addresses by and in honour of him. There is also a typescript copy of the Medical Faculty's resolution at the time of Craik's death. A letter from Craik to a Miss Charleton (1904) thanks her for assistance in compiling an obituary.


John William Cunliffe was born at Bolton, England, in 1865. He was educated at the University of London and at Columbia University. He was a lecturer in English at McGill University from 1899 to 1905, and Associate Professor from 1906 to 1907. At Columbia University, Cunlife was a Lecturer in 1907, and Professor of English and Associate Director of the School of Journalism from 1912 to 1920. He published a number of works, many concerning English literature.


Original, ca 1930, 3 cm (CH398.Bd222)

This consists of Cunliffe's manuscript of his History of the Dominion of Canada.


Born in Napperton, Ontario, Arthur Currie went to British Columbia as a schoolteacher, but eventually became a businessman in Victoria. At the outbreak of World War I, he was a Lieutenant-Colonel in the militia, and commanded the Vancouver Highland Battalion in the First Canadian Contingent. Thus began a highly successful military career which culminated in 1917 with his succession of Sir Julian Byng as commander of the Canadian Corps. Currie was knighted by King George V on the battlefield in 1918. Upon his return to Canada in 1919, he was appointed inspector-general of the Canadian militia. In 1920 he became Principal of McGill, a position he held until his death in 1933.


Originals, Carbon and Photocopies, 1928-1933, 40 cm (M.G. 1030)

These papers stem from both the wartime and post-war phases of Currie's career. His wartime career is recorded in a copy of his battlefield diary for 2 June 1916-8 February 1917 and commemorated in an album of signatures of the officers he commanded. Postwar materials comprise correspondence and speeches. The correspondence concerns various causes which Currie patronized and books for which he wrote introductions. His speeches (in 7 volumes, with some loose) are devoted to the war and its aftermath, politics, education, eulogies, speeches of welcome, Christmas and New Year's messages, dedications of war memorials and the like. Some are noted as having been written by Wilfred Bovey.

Further material on Currie may be found in the papers of his biographer, H.M. Urquhart (Section VI: Military) and in the records of the Montreal Anti-Tuberculosis and General Health League (Section X: Social and Philanthropic). His official files as Principal are in McGill Administrative Records, Record Group 2.


William Dawson, geologist, educator and Principal of McGill University (1855-1893) was an important scientific figure in nineteenth-century Canada, and one of the few of truly international stature. Born and educated in Pictou, Nova Scotia, he early showed a predilection for geology and palaeontology, and began collecting fossil plants from the coal fields in the Pictou area. During a period of study in Edinburgh in 1840-1841, he formed important friendships with Sir Charles Lyell, one of the pioneers of modern geology and with William Logan, shortly to become the first director of the Geological Survey of Canada. On his return to Nova Scotia, he began to publish and lecture on scientific topics. An appointment as Nova Scotia's first Superintendant of Education (1850-1853) entailed the extensive travel which enabled him to gather material for his Acadian Geology.

In 1854, in the midst of his unsuccessful application for the chair of Natural History at Edinburgh, Dawson was offered the Principalship of McGill. He found the University on the verge of financial collapse. By a combination of scientific and entrepreneurial talents, he established it on a very sound footing and stamped it with a particularly scientific character. As a scientific educator, Dawson was highly progressive, and introduced a wide range of subjects into the undergraduate curriculum. His belief in the alliance of scientific and commercial concerns, seconded by the financial support of Sir William Macdonald, launched McGill's innovative programmes in applied scences. However, on the question of the higher education of women, his stance against co-education generated much controversy.

In his early years at McGill, Dawson taught almost all the sciences; later, as Logan Professor, he could concentrate on his main fields of geology and palaeontology. His early researches in the Maritimes leaned towards palaeobotany, but were also closely connected with iron and coal mining. Following the move to Montréal, his interests shifted to the Laurentian region and fossil fauna; he was deeply embroiled in the controversy over Eozoon canadense, whose zoological origins he championed. Apart from his extensive scholarly writings, Dawson published many popular works, particularly on the relations of science and religion. He himself was deeply fundamentalist and a vigourous opponent of Darwinism.

As time passed, Dawson's research yielded to his involvement in scientific administration. He was the first president of the Royal Society of Canada (1882), the first to serve as president of both the American (1882-3) and the British Association for the Advancement of Science (1886), and a fellow of numerous other learned societies. He was knighted in 1884, following the Montréal meeting of the BAAS which he organized.


Originals, Photocopies, Photographs, Printed Materials, Pencil and Ink Sketches, ca 1830-1899, 8 m (M.G. 1022)

The papers described here are overwehlmingly scientific and scholarly in character, with some admixture of papers reflecting other aspects of Dawson's career, particularly educational work and religious controversy. Originally received as many smaller accessions, the correspondence has been arranged in chronological order and is indexed by author/recipient as well as by date. The lectures, scrapbooks and other papers are also listed individually.

1. Science, 1837-1899. 6 m

Of the 3.2 m of Dawson's general correspondence (c.1-c.19) covering the years 1837-1899, about 5,000 letters are on scientific subjects. With the passage of time, and particularly from the late 1870s onwards, the character of the correspondence becomes less substantially scientific, and more administrative, institutional and formal; at the same time, there is a marked shift towards North American correspondents. Perennial topics are geological exploration, the exchange of mineral specimens, and research or theoretical problems, but these are eventually outweighed by the business of learned societies, government science policy, demands for Dawson to lecture or write, and reactions to his publications. In the 1880s, the Darwin and Eozoon controversies are especially prominent. In 1891, there is correspondence relating to the meeting in Montréal of the Royal Society of Canada. Dawson's correspondents include academics, officials of learned societies, and a number of prominent researchers. There are substantial numbers of letters from Sir Charles Lyell, J.J. Bigsby, Sir William Logan, Spencer Baird, James D. Dana, David Penhallow and J.S. Newberry. Drafts of some of Dawson's outgoing correspondence are included.

The 72 cm of manuscript essays and addresses on scientific subjects fall into four categories: (1) popular lectures, not only on geology, but also on biology, entymology, physics, archaelogy and even linguistics; (2) mining, particularly of Nova Scotia coal, with some reports and maps; (3) geology, largely of Nova Scotia, and (4) palaeontology. Some are drafts of material later published, and these papers also contain 80 cm of Dawson's printed books and articles.

Approximately ten of Dawson's scientific notebooks are also available (c.29). Most are mere pocket memoranda, but some are more discursive, such as a notebook on Nova Scotia geology and one of geological notes from the 1860s and 1870s. Three scrapbooks bear directly on science: "Scientific Scraps" is largely pictorial material; "Scraps relating to science and religion", despite its title, is mostly Dawson's published articles on geology, education, and travel (c.39-c.40); finally, a scrapbook of clippings programmes and photographs serves as a souvenir of Dawson's presidential meeting of the BAAS in Birmingham, 1886 (c.77).

2. Education, ca 1850-ca 1900, 60 cm

As Superintendent of Education in Nova Scotia, Dawson kept two notebooks of journal entries and general observations on Nova Scotia schools (c.30). Some items amongst his general correspondence also relate to this phase of his career, as well as to his applications to the University of Edinburgh; most, however, stem from his years as Principal of McGill. These letters discuss educational legislation and the activities of the Protestant Committee of the Council of Public Instruction, consult on points of information and policy with other universities and inquire about McGill's programmes. Noteworthy are the draft letters to Chancellor James Ferrier on the administration of McGill during Dawson's absence in Europe and the Near East (1883-1884), and an exchange of letters with Daniel Wilson of the University of Toronto on the question of co-education.

About 35 cm of purely administrative materials (c.41-c.44) were retained by Dawson in his private papers. Most of the correspondence concerns routine matters of Corporation business, staff and student affairs, fund-raising and buildings, but there is a special file on the controversy with Prof. J. Clark Murray over co-education in 1888. Other materials include copies of documents on the early fortunes of McGill, Dawson's Normal School record book, with lists of students and some financial accounts (1859), an office memorandum book (1863-1878), and manuscripts of addresses delivered at university functions, including his resignation speech and a substantial address on the education of women.

Dawson assembled an "Educational and Biographical" scrapbook, largely of newsclippings by him or about his principalship (c.39). There are also a small number of essays and addresses on student life (c.23).

3. Religion, ca 1850-ca 1900, 40 cm

Dawson's general correspondence contains some items, largely from

the Nova Scotia years, on his involvement with church affairs, missions and tract societies. Some clergy, such as the Rector of Little Metis, where Dawson kept a summer house, are amongst his regular correspondents. In later years there are inquiries from the general public on matters of science and faith, and the occasional letter from a religious eccentric. Complementing these are 25 cm of manuscript essays and addresses on science in relation to Biblical criticism, theology and archeology, on his travels in the Middle East, and on missions and temperance (c.23-c.24).

4. Private and Biographical, ca 1820-ca 1900, 1 m

Dawson's 30 cm of family correspondence include letters from Margaret Mercer Dawson, 1842-1845 and later; his son, George Mercer Dawson, on geological and personal matters; and other family members, ca 1869-1899 (c.48-c.49). Dawson's juvenile writings are largely essays on philosophical and religious topics, but also include the fictional "Indian Tale" (c.22-c.23).

Some scientific lecture notebooks survive from his student years in Edinburgh (c.29).

Dawson composed a short autobiography as well as a memoir of his father (c.22), but the major biographical document is his scrapbook of "Family Records" (c.37), containing genealogical materials, Dawson's Edinburgh lecture tickets, his marriage certificate and letter of appointment to McGill, his C.M.G., certificates from learned societies, letters from scientists and public men, printed articles and reviews, and domestic mementos. There is also an obituary scrapbook compiled by his children Anna and William.

Dawson's skill as an amateur artist is revealed by 18 cm of pictorial materials, largely pencil or ink sketches of Nova Scotia or Scottish landscapes. His travels in Europe and North America from 1855 to 1886 and briefly noted in pocket memorandum books (c.30), but his journey to the Near East in 1883-1884 is more thoroughly documented in his "Eastern Travel" scrapbook (c.39).

Finally, his financial affairs are illustrated by letters amongst

his general correspondence concerning his mining interests in Nova Scotia, particularly with his agent Howard Primrose and his partner E.A. Prentice. The numerous invoices and receipts are largely for domestic expenses, but include the subscriptions for his lectures to the Natural History Society of Pictou (1849), and bills for the printing and distribution of Dawson's publications.


Biochemist O.F. Denstedt was born in Blyth, Ontario. He obtained his B.Sc. from the University of Manitoba in 1929 and his Ph.D. from McGill University in 1937. From 1929 to 1932, he was a member of the research staff of the Pacific Fisheries Experimental Station in Prince Rupert, B.C. In 1937, Denstedt was

appointed lecturer in the Department of Biochemistry at McGill; Assistant Professor, 1942; Associate Professor, 1946; and Professor, 1960. He became Gilman Cheney Professor in 1965, and in 1967 retired becoming Emeritus Professor. He was the author of about 80 scientific papers, mainly concerning the chemistry and biochemistry of hormones, blood preservation, hemorrhagic diseases, inflammation and various aspects of metabolism.


Originals, Printed Materials and Photographs, 1932-1973, 11.7 m (M.G. 1031)

Denstedt's papers are overwhelmingly concerned with his research work and professional activities; a much smaller percentage is devoted to his teaching work and personal interests.

The research materials comprise notebooks, reports, and general files. Approximately 40 notebooks record experiments, mostly on blood preservation, but also on basal metabolism, lipids, proteins, serum, and urine and fecal analysis (ca 1936-1947). An additional 40 general notebooks cover not only the aforementioned topics, but also more general questions such as organic chemistry, amino acids, steroids, carainogens, and nutrition. There is also a binder of historical background material on blood

preservation. The results of these researches are distilled in approximately 90 progress, interim, and final reports (1943-1963) on blood preservation, anaemia, haemmorhage, agglutination, vascular fragility, haemophilia, the effect of silica on tissues,

insecticides and cortisone. These are supplemented by copies of other researchers' reports on these topics (1952-1956), and by 26 reports of various committees and sub-committees of the United States National Research Council on blood and related problems, and on shock (1949-1963). A group of 50 research files contains typescripts, reports and reprints on subjects of research interest to Denstedt, particularly blood (1940-1965) and the financial side of the operations of his laboratory are illustrated by two cashbooks (1963-1966). The wider context of Denstedt's professonal life is revealed by general files, approximately 300 in number, containing correspondence with colleagues, scientific and medical associations, learned journals, and granting agencies, work reports from assistants and students, and reports and clippings on subjects of special research interest, as well as on wider social and scientific issues, e.g. pollution, chemical warfare, public health and food supply. A special series of files documents Denstedt's activities in the International Society of Endocrinology (1965-1971), particularly in their third international conference (1968). There are a large number of reprints, printed reports and laboratory equipment manuals.

Denstedt's role as a university teacher is reflected by a few files of correspondence from the general series noted above with university and faculty officers, and with the McGill Association of University Teachers (1955-1971), and by some reports of Senate Committees. There is also a file of Denstedt's letters of recommendation for appointments or changes of status (1960-1965).

Instructional materials include basic notes (ca 1950) for Denstedt's course in endocrinology, and approximately 2,000 slides. A few papers and theses by students are also included in this series.

Personal papers comprise lecture notes for courses on physical and biological chemistry dating from Denstedt's years as a graduate student at McGill, and a large collection of printed materials on the history of McGill, and McGill scientists, probably assembled in connection with his book, "A History of Biochemistry at McGill".

DUCHOW, MARVIN, 1914-1979

Marvin Duchow, musicologist and composer, was born in Montréal and received his B. Mus. from McGill in 1937. After post-graduate work in composition at the Curtis School of Music, and in musicology at the Eastman School of Music, he returned to Montréal to teach at the Conservatoire de Musique de Montréal (1943-1949). In 1944 he received his first appointment at McGill, where he taught theory, history and analysis until his death in 1979. Duchow was acting Dean of the faculty, 1955-1957, and Dean from 1957 to 1963. Much of Duchow's scholarly publishing centred on the life and work of Claude Champagne, but he was also a specialist in French music of the 18th century and in certain aspects of Renaissance music. He composed music for orchestra, keyboard and voice, notably Three Songs of the Holocaust (1977).


Originals and Copies, 1930-1976, 32 cm (M.G. 3018)

Duchow's papers document the social aspects of his deanship, his involvement in faculty committees, and his work as a teacher. Apart from some personal letters (1930-1953), Duchow's correspondence covers his years as acting Dean and Dean of the Faculty, and largely concerns the social side of his position: speaking engagements, invitations to attend conferences and social events, patronage of musical performances, and the entertainment of visitors. His committee files are mainly devoted to the graduate studies programmes (1966-1976); there are also files for the Committee on Theory and minutes of the Theory Department meetings (1968-1976), for the Music Library Sub-Committee, and the Sub-Committee on Musicology (1968-1975). Duchow's teaching materials comprise a markbook for history and analysis courses (1963-1965) (restricted); assignments and class materials for courses in Bibliography and Methodology, Analysis, and Mediaeval Music; xeroxed lecture notes on Dufay, Dunstable, and Flemish renaissance composers; files on graduate theses proposed to, and directed by Duchow; and copies of letters of appraisal sent to teaching institutions and granting bodies.

DUFF, ARCHIBALD, 1845-1934

Mathematician and theologian Archibald Duff received his B.A. from McGill in 1864 and his M.A in 1867. From 1869 to 1872 he studied at Andover Theological Seminary and thereafter in Germany. From 1875 to 1877 he lectured in mathematics at McGill and in Hebrew at McGill and the Congregational College. In 1877, he joined the staff of the Airendale Independent College in Bradford, England, where he taught until his retirement in 1929. He published two books on Old Testament theology, and obtained his LL.D. from McGill in 1881.


Originals, Copies, Printed Materials, 1876-1881, 1 cm (M.G. 1032)

Apart from a printed copy of his LL.D. thesis on the idea of atonement amongst the ancient Hebrews, and a copy of examination questions in mathematics set by him, Duff's papers are almost entirely concerned with his application for the Bradford position in 1877. These comprise letters of recommendation from J. W. Dawson, Alexander Johnson (Vice-Dean of the Faculty of Arts), and two professors at Andover Theological Seminary, as well as copies of a letter from A.M. Fairbairn of Aberdeen, encouraging Duff to apply for the post. There is also a copy of Duff's letter to the secretary of the Congregational College in which he declines an offer of teaching work.


Peter Eakins was born in Montréal and was educated at McGill University, obtaining his B.Sc. in 1948, his M.Sc. in 1949, and his Ph.D. in geology in 1952. From 1955 to 1957, he worked in Peru as geologist with Malartic Gold Fields, Ltd. and from 1957 to 1958 he was chief geologist at Mineral Management Ltd. He also served as a consultant geologist for Mkuski Copper Mines in Zambia from 1967 to 1968. Eakins became a lecturer in geology at McGill in 1958, Assistant Professor in 1959 and Associate Professor in 1964. He has also collected correspondence and papers documenting geology at McGill, much of which has been deposited in the University Archives.


Originals, and Printed Materials, 1932-1972, 1.5 cm (M.G. 1033)

The bulk of Eakins' papers concern his work as a geologist and consultant for the mining industry. His Peruvian period is covered by correspondence, reports and newsletters on the San Jose prospect for the Cerro de Pasco Corporation, 1952-1956. His work with Mineral Management Ltd. (1956-1959) is documented by correspondence on mining investments and exploration. There are also files raised by Eakins for his reports on the Axel Heiberg Island project, 1962-1969 and Eakins' participation in the first Canadian workshop on "Education in the Earth Sciences" (Sudbury 1971), and the International Geological Conference of 1972. There is also correspondence, memoranda and notes relating to the history of geology at McGill and in Québec, and some correspondence with Geology Department staff members and students.


K.A.C. Elliott has held various appointments in the Departments of Neurology and Biochemistry since 1944. He was appointed Professor of Biochemistry in 1959.


Originals and Copies, 1952-1953, 5 cm (M.G. 4072)

The collection consists of minutes, correspondence and memoranda generated by Elliott's service on the local organizing committee of the XIX International Physiological Congress, held in Montréal

September 1953.

EMMONS, WILLIAM FRANK, fl. 1920-1927

After graduating from McGill with his M.Sc. in 1920, W.F. Emmons served as demonstrator in chemistry (1920-1924) and in physiology

(1924-1926). He received his M.D.,C.M. in 1924 and his Ph. D. in 1927.


Copy, 1921, 1 item (M.G. 1079)

An address on "The primitive use of poisons" read before the Osler Society in 1921.


Born in England, A.S. Eve was educated at Pembroke College, Cambridge, and came to McGill in 1903 as demonstrator and researcher in physics. His first area of specialization was mathematics, but under Rutherford's influence he became more deeply involved in research on radioactivity. He worked in close association with Rutherford, and later wrote his biography. Eve rose to the rank of Associate Professor of mathematics and in 1908 took the additional title of Lecturer in radioactivity. In 1913 he became Macdonald Professor of Physics, and in 1919 succeeded H.T. Barnes as Chairman of the department. He was Dean of the Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research from 1930 until his retirement in 1935. As a scientist, he was known not only for his contributions in the fields of radioactivity, atmospheric electricity and geophysics, but as a popular lecturer and author of textbooks.


Originals, Printed Materials, Photographs, 1881-1948, 1.2m (M.G. 1035)

Eve's papers are overwhelmingly concerned with his work as a teacher. The greater percentage are lecture notes, with some research materials, professional and personal correspondence, and photographs.

His lecture notes fall into two categories: university lectures and popular courses and addresses. The university lectures are represented by thirty bundles of notes on radioactivity, physics of solids, relativity, and astrophysics dating from ca. 1909 - ca. 1930. The popular lectures date largely from the 1920s and 1930s. They deal with radioactivity, engineering physics, military applications, astronomy, historical topics, and the relation of science and religion, and were delivered before a wide range of groups, from the McGill Physical Society to schoolchildren.

Apart from reprints, Eve's research materials consist of a notebook on solid geometry from his university days (1881), three laboratory notebooks (1909-1915), correspondence and a notebook concerning research in the U.S. Department of Mines (1927), his diary of a visit to the United States in 1929 undertaken to survey geophysical prospecting methods, and some files of correspondence, graphs, reports, notes,and photographs on ultra-violet light, eclipses, radio research, seismic activity and quantum theory (1922-1934).

Closely related to these are a few files of professional correspondence (1915-1932) regarding seismic shocks, particularly in relation to the Mount Royal tunnel, the eclipse of 1932, Niels Bohr's work (including a letter to Eve from Bohr) and the scientific publications of Eve and others. Files of correspondence, reports and programmes document Eve's activities in various organizations, such as the Silberstein Institute of Physics (1921), the Air Research Committee (1920-1922), the Canadian Engineering Standards Association (1920-1927) and the Pacific Science Congress (1930-1935).

Other papers concern his work in elementary education both in public and in private schools; they contain newspaper clippings about Eve's publications and career, and correspondence and notes relating to his retirement (1935) and photographs.


George Fenwick was born in Québec City and received his early medical training at the Marine and Emigrant Hospital in that city. In 1847 he earned his M.D., C.M. from McGill. After two years as house surgeon at the Montreal General Hospital, Fenwick entered private practice and helped establish the Montreal Diet Dispensary. In 1860, he received his first appointment to McGill's Medical Faculty as Professor of anatomy. In 1864, he returned to the Montreal General, and took charge of the Medical Museum at McGill. He taught medical jurisprudence from 1868 until 1875, and in that year became Professor of clinical surgery, a post he held until his retirement as Emeritus Professor in 1890. Fenwick also founded the Canadian Medical Journal in 1864 and served as its editor until 1879.


Originals and Printed Materials, 1862-1891, 3 cm (M.G. 2028)

Fenwick's scrapbook contains newspaper clippings, including some of his own letters to the editor, on topics of medical or general -- and frequently humourous -- interest. Five letters from medical confreres in Québec and Ontario, as well as some engraved portraits of medical men are also included.


Originals, 1883, 204 pp (Acc.603)

Fenwick's interleaved copy of "Excision of the Knee-Joint with report of Twenty-Eight Cases" contains his manuscript notes and some book reviews.


A Bostonian, Harold Files received his B.A. (1915), M.A. (1916) and Ph.D. (1923) from Harvard. In 1923 he joined the English Department at McGill, where he taught until his retirement in 1964. In the late 1940s he established a programme whereby candidates for the M.A. might submit a novel in place of a thesis. Files also served as head of the Humanities Group from 1946 to 1956, and chairman of the English Department from 1947 to 1952.


Originals, Printed Materials, Audio-tapes, 1930-1970, 2.5 m (M.G. 1037)

The Files papers document his activities as administrator of the Humanities Group and the English Department (ca 1946-1956, with some earlier material) and as a teacher. Administrative materials comprise about 1.5 m of information and correspondence files concerning the business of Senate, the Faculties of Arts and Science and Graduate Studies, the Humanities Group of the Arts Faculty, and the English Department. English Department material forms the largest part of the papers with files on honours and graduate students (including sessional registration forms), reading lists, examinations, awards, job applications, examination of theses, the administration of Moyse Hall, freshman

orientation, and personal as well as general correspondence. There are also files pertaining to Files' work for the Montreal branch of the Humanities Association of Canada.

Teaching materials consist of a large number of student essays, stories, examination papers and poems, including some by Louis Dudek and Irving Layton, ca 1937-1950. From Files' student days come lecture notes on the history of English language, 1921. There are also approximately 25 reprints of articles by Files' acquaintances and colleagues and copies of some journal and newspaper articles by and about Files.


Originals, 1924-1971, 62 pp (New Mss)

Correspondence, articles and poems mainly on academic subjects including a copy of "The Humanities-What, Why, and Whether?".

FLEET, CHARLES JAMES, 1852-ca 1927

Charles Fleet was born in Montréal, and obtained his B.A. from McGill in 1873, and his B.C.L. in 1879. He practiced as a lawyer in his native city, and served as president of the Graduates' Society and as a governor of McGill from 1893 until 1927.


Originals and Printed Materials, ca 1891-1896, 5 cm (M.G. 3017)

Fleet's scrapbook is largely devoted to McGill affairs. It contains correspondence addressed both to himself and to other members of the McGill community such as B.J. Harrington, C.H. McLeod and A.F. Gault, largely on administrative and ceremonial business of the university. There are a few communications from J.W. Dawson, including Dawson's draft for the Peter Redpath memorial tablet. Also included are newsclippings on McGill events including numerous invitations, announcements, addresses, programmes and memorabilia from convocations, university dinners, athletic meets and musical performances.


D.S. Forbes was born in Toronto in 1889, the son of portrait painter J. Colin Forbes. He graduated from McGill with a B.Sc. in 1911, a B.Arch. in 1915, and a reputation for both academic and athletic excellence. After distinguished service in World War I as an artillery officer with The Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, he returned to McGill briefly as Assistant Professor of architecture. As the youngest major in Canada, he served for a short time with the Canadian Permanent Force. At the request of Sir Arthur Currie, Forbes returned to McGill in 1924 to become Athletics Manager, a position he held until his retirement in 1947. Forbes was on leave from McGill during World War II, when he served as Senior Machine Gun Officer for Canada, rose to the rank of Lt.-Colonel, and was awarded an O.B.E. He loved the outdoor life, was an enthusiastic cook, and a talented designer: he created McGill's decorations for the visit of Princess Elizabeth in 1951.


Originals, Printed Materials, Photographs and Motion Picture Films, 1879-1965, 4 m (M.G. 2062)

These papers contain Forbes' personal files of correspondence and clippings, some design materials and films of McGill football games. The personal files contain biographical materials such as his birth certificate, military commission and service records, and letters concerning his employment at McGill. Other files concern Forbes' designs for decorations for the 1951 Royal Visit, the McGill C.O.T.C., the Forbes Trophy for athletics, Forbes' involvement with McGill athletics and museums, and the career of his brother Kenneth Forbes, a painter. A number of diplomas and certificates awarded Forbes, as well as a photograph album, complete this series. Materials for designs include files on heraldry, a collection of illustrations from 19th century periodicals, designs for the Royal Visit decorations (a few, by Percy Nobbs, were used for the 1939 visit), maps, linocuts, bookplates, and programmes designed by Forbes for McGill events, ca 1925-1950. Thirty-four reels of motion picture film record McGill extramural football games (1947-1951). Films with sound track show the construction of the Currie gymnasium (1939-1940), and demonstrate the swimming techniques of Matt Mann. Additional biographical material is provided by obituary notices and letters of condolence to Mrs. Forbes, and by clippings of articles about Forbes.


One of Canada's foremost authorities on constitutional law, Eugene Forsey was born in Newfoundland, and received his B.A. in 1925 and his M.A. in 1932 from McGill. He was a lecturer in economics and political science at McGill from 1929 to 1941, when he received his Ph.D. from the University, and won a Guggenheim Fellowship. Forsey was one of the authors of the Regina Manifesto of 1933 and a pioneer member of the C.C.F.; his socialist views caused some difficulties for him at McGill. In 1942, Forsey became director of research for the Canadian Congress of Labour, and worked for this organization (after 1955, the Canadian Labour Congress) until 1966. He was a member of the Canadian Senate from 1970 until 1979. Forsey wrote several books and essays on social,

political, and economic issues, amongst them the Royal Power of Dissolution of Parliament in the British Commonwealth (1943) and Freedom and Order (1974).


Originals, 1925-1980, 3.5 cm (M.G. 1038)

These papers concern Forsey's activities as a student, and later as a teacher at McGill. Included are his fourth-year essay on Chaucer's Summoner's Tale, and his valedictory address (1925). His teaching career at McGill is documented by a file of correspondence, memoranda, and examination papers relating to one of Forsey's students in 1939 (restricted), and files of correspondence concerning Forsey's reappointment in 1940 in the light of accusations, from various quarters, of Communist sympathies. Two letters from Forsey (1973, 1980) illustrate his later perspective on these events.


Lyman Francis was born in Westmount and received his B. Sc. from Sir George Williams College in 1946. He earned his D.D.S. from McGill in 1949, and an M.Sc. in pharmacology in 1958. From 1953 until 1957, Francis served as a demonstrator in Dentistry; he was appointed Assistant Professor in 1958, Associate Professor in 1966, and Professor in 1971. He became Chairman of the Department of Dental Pharmacology and Therapeutics in 1966, and from 1968 to 1974 served as Assistant Dean of Dentistry for graduate studies and research. He also held a number of appointments at the Montreal General Hospital.

Francis' major field of research was dental pharmacology, and he was awarded the National Research Council Medal for his original discoveries in the isolation of anti-allergic substance from human tissues. He wrote about thirty scientific papers, as well as a textbook on dental pharmacology. Francis was an amateur artist, gymnast and juggler.


Copies, 1975, 7 cm (M.G. 1040)

This collection, assembled by the Faculty of Dentistry, consists of curricula vitae, photocopied notices of papers Francis presented at conferences, and photocopies of his thesis and some of his published articles.


Born in London, England, Stanley Frost graduated B.D. from London University in 1936. He pursued further studies at Marburg University, (D. Phil. 1938) and the University of London, (M.Th. 1943). He was ordained by the British Methodist Conference in 1939 and was a minister in London (1939-1942) and in Stoke-on-Trent (1942-1949). He was appointed as Professor of Old Testament and the English Bible at Didsbury College, Bristol, in 1949 and in 1956 he came to McGill as the Birks Professor of Old Testament Language and Literature. Frost served as Dean of the Faculty of Divinity from 1957 to 1963, and as the Dean of Graduate Studies from 1963-1969. He held the posts of Vice-Principal, (Planning and Development, later changed to Professional Faculties) from 1969-1971 and was the Vice-principal (Administration and Professional Faculties) from 1971-1974. He has written books and articles on Old Testament exegesis and history. The Director of the History of McGill Project, 1974-1984, Frost wrote the officially sponsored history of the University: McGill University: For the Advancement of Learning (2 vols, McGill-Queen's University Press, Montréal, 1980, 1984).


Originals, Copies, Printed Materials, Photographs, ca 1958-1962, 6 cm (M.G. 3085)

Frost's papers reflect his activities as a speaker and writer on religious topics, as well as some aspects of his work in education. Typescript addresses range from plain sermons and talks on Christmas, the Christian view of the Bible and the preaching ministry of Jesus, to remarks at a McGill symposium (1964) on "The nature and origin of life", and a paper presented to the Society of Biblical Literature and Exegesis on "Apocalyptic and history" (1964), as well as an introductory speech before the Institute of Judaism at Temple Emanu-El. There are also programmes for church lecture series in which Frost participated. His publications from 1958 to 1962 are documented by correspondence, clippings and off-prints. A special file of correspondence concerning his book The Beginning of the Promise also contains reviews (1960). Photographs and press clippings record Frost's career as an educator at McGill; there is also a copy of his report (co-authored with Chalmers Coe) of a visitation of Gordon Divinity School conducted on behalf of the American Association of Theological Schools (1959) and an address to Sigma Xi on 'Research and the Humanities' (1966).


Born in France, Lucie Touren Furness came to McGill in 1918 as a lecturer in the French Department. She served as the assistant director of the French Summer School from 1939-1954 and in 1956 was named as an Emeritus Professor of Romance Languages.


Printed Material, 1971, 1 cm (M.G. 4015)

Printed (multilith) volume of her poetry and short stories, 1971.


Geologist and mining consultant J.E. Gill was born in British Columbia. He received his B.Sc. in mining engineering from McGill

in 1921 and his Ph.D. from Princeton in 1925. In 1929 he joined the teaching staff of the Department of Geology; in 1957 he was named Dawson Professor of Geology, and he retired in 1969 as Emeritus Professor. Besides teaching, Gill consulted for the firm of W.F. James on mining problems, and served as an advisor to federal and provincial mining ministries. His special field of research was gold and he was instrumental in discovering deposits in Labrador, Québec, and Peru. An outcome of his double interest in teaching and mining discoveries was the Master's programme in mineral exploration which he organized at McGill.


Originals, Printed Materials, Photographs, 1924-1969, 60 cm (M.G. 2044)

The bulk of Gill's papers concern his consulting work for the mining industry and for government. Only two small files

relate to his teaching career.

Gill's work as mining consultant is documented by 124 maps, 48 designed by Gill himself, showing structural geology of various regions in eastern Canada, and mineral deposits of gold, iron, zinc and molybdenite, not only in Canada, but also in the Malartic gold fields in Peru (1929-1968). The papers also contain his report on iron ore in Labrador (1929) and two reports by W.F. James and J.E. Gill to the Newfoundland government, assessing prospects for gold in the Rainbow and Kayak Concessions, Labrador

(1933), areas prospected by R.B. D'Aigle, see his papers, Section

IX: Professions And Trades. IX). Three field notebooks record summer research expeditions (1935, 1947-1948). Three reports by Peter Eakins, a former student of Gill, describe the Malartic mine (1951, 1955-1956); there is also a report by Eakins on the Wasa Lake Goldfield (1950), and one by J.B. Gilliatt on the Wabana Iron Mines (1949). Gill also raised a file of correspondence and reports on Newfoundland mineral resources (ca 1955-1969). Finally, there are two boxes of petrographic slides, one with laboratory reports, a box of mineral samples collected for the Québec Ministry of Mines, and 4 photographs of mining concerns with which Gill was involved.

His teaching activities are reflected by a file of plans, reports and memoranda on the organization of the Geology Department Map Library (1959-1969) and an outline with some draft chapters of a student's thesis (1969).


Margaret Gillett was born in Australia and educated at the University of Sydney, in England and in the United States. She was registrar of Haile Selassie I University in Ethiopia for two years before coming to McGill in 1964 as Professor of education. She is a founding editor of the McGill Journal of Education, and her teaching and publications are oriented towards the history and philosophy of education. She has also written a novel on the life of the poet Francis Thompson, The Laurel and the Poppy. One of her major interests has been in the status of women and women's history. She organized the McGill Committee for Teaching and Research on Women, and has served as a member of the Senate Committee on Women and as co-ordinator of the Women's Studies Minor. She also represents Canada on UNESCO's subcommission on the status of women. In 1981, Dr. Gillett published We Walked Very Warily: A History of Women at McGill.


Originals and Photocopies, 1963-1976, 1.5 m (M.G. 1041)

Gillett's papers concern her publications (with the exception of We Walked Very Warily), her addresses, the editing of the McGill Journal of Education and the functions of the Faculty of Education. Materials related to her publications include notes, drafts, galley and page proofs for A History of Education, Foundation Studies in Education, Educational Technology, The Laurel and the Poppy, and A Fair Shake: Autobiographical Essays by McGill Women (edited by Dr. Gillett and Kay Sibbold). There are also some photocopies, correspondence, and copies of photographs collected for We Walked Very Warily. Her editorship of the McGill Journal of Education is documented by copies of minutes of the Editorial Board (1966-1976), correspondence on funding (1970-1971) and with contributors (1967-1971), and files of correspondence, manuscripts and proofs for issues for 1971, 1973 and 1974. A file of addresses together with some reviews, largely on the women's movement (1975-1976), also includes her convocation address in 1971, and her Report on Women in the Montréal Area delivered at the National Conference on Women in the University,1973. Finally, papers relating to her work at the Faculty of Education include correspondence, public relations and summer school materials (1963-1967), agendas, submissions and reports to Senate of the faculty's Planning Commission (1972-1973) and files of the McGill Committee for Teaching and Research on Women, 1976.


Gilbert Girdwood, physician and chemist, was born in London and educated at University College and St. George's School of Medicine. He came to Canada in 1862 as assistant surgeon of the Grenadier Guards. In 1864 he retired from the army, and began to practise in Montréal as a surgeon to local regiments and staff member of the Montreal Dispensary, the Montreal General Hospital, and the Children's Hospital. Girdwood's scientific interests were catholic, but he was fundamentally a chemist. As lecturer, and later Professor of chemistry in McGill's Medical Faculty (1870-1903), he introduced practical chemistry into the programme of medical training. His major research interest was toxicology. While still in London, he worked with a chemist to produce the Rogers and Girdwood test for detecting strychnine and in Canada he frequently testified as medical-legal witness in poisoning cases. He was also consulted in forgery trials, and he was the first to use enlarged photographs and reagents to reveal counterfeits. He published a number of studies on stereoscopic

photography. A pioneer in the medical use of X-rays, Girdwood consulted in this field for Royal Victoria Hospital, and was president of the Roentgen Society of America.


Originals and Printed Materials, 1814-1915, 36 cm (M.G. 1081)

The bulk of Girdwood's papers concern his work in forensic medicine. Other materials cover his research in photography, and his general medical and scientific interests.

Girdwood's career as medical-legal consultant is documented by 24 cm of his notes and reports, together with some correspondence, on four poisoning trials: People vs Emma Davis (Malone, N.Y., 1881), Queen vs Provencher and Boisclair (Sorel, 1867), Queen vs Joseph Ruel (St. Hyacinthe, 1868), and Queen vs David Prevost and Damase Brunet (L'Orignal, 1881). There are also coroner's autopsy reports and notes for four cases; Girdwood's memoires of ten cases on which he served as consultant; Rogers and Girdwood's submission to the Home Office, London, on the strychnine test, together with letters to Lancet and the Times on the same subject; and notes on the counterfeiting of stamps (1893).

His interest in medical photography is reflected in lists of X-rays taken by him (1898-1899) and reprints of three articles. His general scientific and medical activities are represented by a scrapbook of newsclippings on cholera (1854), a lecture on gold presented to the Natural History Society of Montréal (n.d.), essays on strychnine (1864) and water filtration (1869), a review of a textbook in physiology (1864) and some reprints, including convocation addresses to the Medical Faculty. Finally, there is a manuscript copy of an address to the graduating class of Applied Science in 1881 and a small scrapbook of printed articles by Girdwood's father, G.F. Girdwood, M.D.


Alton Goldbloom joined the McGill Medical Faculty in 1922 as assistant demonstrator in paediatrics. Subsequently, he was chairman of the Paediatrics Department (1944), Professor (1947-1952) and Emeritus Professor of paediatrics.


Originals, 1924-1927, 30 items (Acc. 333)

Letters concerning child care entitled "Baby letters" from Goldbloom to Mrs. H.Y. Bignell, 1924-1927.


Originals, 1927-1965, 23 cm (New MSS)

These consist of manuscripts of various Goldbloom's writings on paediatrics as well as various articles and speeches, 1929-1963, the manuscript of an unpublished short story titled "On a Monday Afternoon" and correspondence with Samuel Behrman, 1957-1965.

GORDON, ALVA HOVEY, fl 1876-1938

A.H. Gordon was first appointed assistant demonstrator in physiology at McGill in 1903. He later held various appointments in physiology and clinical medicine including a professorship, 1903-1938.


Typescripts and Carbon Copies, ca 1922, n.d. (Acc. 408, 622)

Two papers by Gordon are entitled "Some medical snobberies," n.d.

and "Typhoid fever from the inside," ca 1922, the latter being an

account of his own illness.


William Graff was born in the Netherlands and educated at the University of Louvain, where he received his Ph.D. in 1923. For six years he taught German and Dutch in schools at Huy and St.Truide in Belgium, and conducted dialect research in the Rhineland of Germany for a year. In 1924, Graff was appointed instructor in French and German at the Rennselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York. He came to McGill in 1926 as Assistant Professor of German, became Associate Professor in 1929 and Professor in 1948. He also served as head of the department from 1939 to 1956 and retired in the following year as Emeritus Professor.


Originals, n.d. 3 cm (M.G. 1042)

Graff's papers consist of lecture notes on German literature and political history.


Born in Ireland, Richard P.D. Graham graduated from Oxford with a B.A. in chemistry and mineralogy. For a short time he taught mineralogy at Oxford, but accepted an appointment as Assistant Professor at McGill in 1905. He later was awarded an M.Sc. and D.Sc. In 1926 he was appointed full Professor and continued teaching mineralogy and petrology until 1950, when he retired as Professor Emeritus. Between 1909 and 1913, Graham undertook pioneering work investigating the islands along the west coast of British Columbia. After his retirement from McGill, he served as technical editor for the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy until 1962.


Originals, and Printed Materials, 1905-ca 1957, 3 cm (M.G. 2064)

A small number of letters between Graham and E.B. Tiffany, an offical of Henry Birks and Co., discuss the occurrance of diamonds in Canada (1949). A record of Graham's work as a teacher in his field is a set of notes on the use of the petrographic microscope.

GRIFFITH, HAROLD R., fl 1946-1957

H.R. Griffith joined the Anaesthesia Department of the McGill Medical Faculty as a lecturer in 1946. He was Chairman, 1950-1956, and Professor, 1954-1956.


Originals, 1863-1968, 86 items (Acc. 542)

The papers and records of H.R. Griffith pertain to his introduction of curare into anaesthesia. Included are correspondence, case records, and reprints, as well as the minute book of the Montreal Homoepathic Association, 1863-1968.

GUNN, N.D., fl 1893-1905

N.D. Gunn joined the McGill Medical Faculty as an assistant demonstrator in histology in 1893. He was lecturer in histology from 1901 to 1905.


Originals, ca 1905 (Acc. 243)

Histological sketch book based on Gunn's lectures, inscribed with name of A.R. Prendergast (Med.) '05.

HALL, JOHN SMYTHE, 1853-1909

John Smythe Hall graduated from McGill with a B.A. in 1874 and a B.C.L. in 1875. He was for a time a partner in the law firm of Sir Adolphe Chapleau, premier, federal minister and later Lt.-Governor of Québec. Hall was counsel for the Québec government, and was elected as Conservative M.N.A. in 1892 and in 1897. He held the position of Provincial Treasurer from 1892 until 1894. Hall retained close ties with McGill University, serving as the president of both the McGill University Society and of the Graduates' Society, and as a member of Corporation.


Originals and Copies, 1887, 1889, 1 cm (M.G. 3062)

Hall's papers reflect his involvement in the debate over whether a B.A. degree ought to be a qualification for the study of law. They consist of a memorandum on the B.A. programme (1889), reports on failures in the programme (1882-1887), petitions on the law qualifications question from McGill faculty members, and correspondence from J.W. Dawson to Hall, Dean Alexander Johnson and Hon. W.W. Lynch, M.P., and to Lynch from Joseph Duhamel and George Lampson on this topic (1887, 1889).


A native of St. Andrew's, Québec, Bernard Harrington received his

B.A. and the Logan Medal in Geology from McGill in 1869, and his Ph.D. in mineralogy from the Sheffield Scientific School of Yale University in 1871. Returning to Montréal, he was appointed chemist and mineralogist of the Geological Survey of Canada, succeeding Thomas Sterry Hunt. At the same time, he became lecturer in assaying, mining and chemistry at McGill. Besides these two occupations, he engaged in field work in Prince Edward Island with John William Dawson - whose daughter Anna he married in 1876 - and published a number of studies, particularly on iron ores, through the Geological Survey. The phenomenal growth of the Faculty of Applied Science forced Harrington to resign from the Survey in 1879 and devote all his time to teaching. As David Greenshields Professor of Chemistry and Metallurgy, he taught chemistry, mining, metallurgy and petrography, administered the faculty, and planned the Macdonald Chemistry Building. At the same time, he did consulting and assaying work for government and private concerns, edited the Canadian Record of Science, and wrote a biography of Sir William Logan. Harrington was an inventive, hard-working and beloved teacher, hospitable to his students, and particularly fond of music-making: for many years he directed the McGill Glee Club, and he helped to produce the McGill College Song Book of 1885, both as editor and composer. For his administration of the Faculty of Applied Science, see Record Group 32.


Originals and Printed Materials, 1871-1903, 18 cm (M.G. 1022)

The materials derive from Harrington's scientific and university work. His professional correspondence covers the period 1871 to 1903, but the majority of the letters fall between 1878 and 1884. The letters chiefly concern mining questions, and there are numerous requests for Harrington to analyse mineral samples. The correspondents include mining companies and private individuals, technical schools, and officers of the Geological Survey, particularly its Director, George Selwyn. There are also numerous letters from Harrington's closest student, Frank Dawson Adams, concerning his studies and subsequent work for the Geological Survey. Harrington's role as university teacher is represented by a small collection of printed ephemera from university festivals, sports days and Glee Club concerts.



HARVEY, F.W., fl 1864-1945

F.W. Harvey received his B.A. from McGill in 1894 and his M.D.,C.M. in 1898. He was medical director of physical training, 1905-1912, University medical officer, 1920-1937, and lecturer in physiotherapy, 1923-1937.


Originals, 1864-1946 (Acc. 656)

The papers of F.W. Harvey include a ledger, an obstetric record, an order book, a case book and a scrapbook.


William Hatcher was born in Newfoundland and educated at McGill, where he earned his B.A. in 1916, his M.Sc. in 1917 and a Ph.D. in 1921. He joined the staff of the Department of Chemistry in 1920 and became Assistant Professor in 1921, Associate Professor in 1929 and Professor in 1936. He retired in 1958 as Emeritus Professor. From 1944 to 1946, Hatcher served as McGill's first Assistant Dean of Arts and Science, and in 1949 he became course director and Vice-Principal of Dawson College, the campus created for World War II veterans. He twice served as chairman of the Physical Sciences Group (1940-1942, 1950-1957), and represented McGill on the Montréal City Council for many years. He was fundamentally an organic chemist and his main research interests lay with lignin, cellulose and related compounds.


Originals, 1918-1926, 13 cm (M.G. 1044)

Hatcher's papers are related solely to research and stem for the most part from the beginning of his career. His work with Otto Maass on the production of pure hydrogen peroxide (1918-1919) is documented by four volumes of laboratory records, a fifth containing abstracts of articles on hydrogen peroxide, and one giving a summary of data. Another notebook records observations on electrical measurements (1926).


D.O. Hebb, one of the outstanding psychologists of this century, was born in Nova Scotia and educated at Dalhousie (B.A., 1925) and McGill (M.A. 1932). He taught briefly in public schools. While recovering from a serious illness, he read the works of Pavlov and Karl Lashley and became interested in psychology. He studied under Lashley at Chicago and Harvard, where he received his Ph.D. in 1936. Hebb then conducted research on brain-damaged patients with Wilder Penfield at the Montreal Neurological Institute (1937-1939), and after teaching at Queen's (1941-1942), went to the Yerkes Laboratories of Primate Biology as research fellow (1942-1947). In 1947 he came to McGill as Professor of psychology, serving as chairman of the department (1948-1959), Vice-Dean for biological sciences (1964-1966), and finally Chancellor of the University (1970-1972).

Hebb's central concern as a psychologist was to develop his neurophysiological theory of such mental functions as thought, imagery, volition, attention and memory - all problems which orthodox behaviourism tended to avoid or dismiss. Besides his important monographs, The Organization of Behaviour (1949) and A Textbook of Psychology (1958), he wrote over 50 scholarly articles; moreover, he was at the centre of a network of researchers which, though informal, served to review and refine new ideas in psychology before they were published. Psychology being a subject of general interest, Hebb was frequently involved in debates which attracted the attention of the mass media and the general public. For Hebb's files as Chancellor of McGill, see Record Group 1.


Originals and Printed Materials, 1933-1977, 3.9 m (M.G. 1045)

The Hebb papers are exclusively concerned with his work as research psychologist and professor. Hebb's research is documented by two types of material: his correspondence, and his files on research projects. Incoming and copies of outgoing letters from ca 1934 to ca 1977 are overwhelmingly scientific in character, discussing psychological theories and their criticism, research problems, the ethics of experimentation and funding. A second section of correspondence deals with learned societies and funding organizations (1959-1977). Project files contain reports to funding bodies, and in particular, research files and reports for Defense Research Board projects, 1950-1962 (restricted); there are also files on the administration of research grants (1964-1973), largely on appointments, payroll and travel funds.

Publications - his own, and others sent to him for evaluation - are the subject of correspondence with various publishers, 1950-1977. Files of notes, correspondence, reviews, and comments concerning Hebb's own books and articles cover the years 1933 to 1971. These papers also contains original drafts for 14 monographs, articles and speeches (1941-1959), including a draft of The Organization of Behaviour with Karl Lashley's comments.

Course materials, and papers by and about his students, reveal Hebb's teaching activities. Lecture notes survive for about 120 addresses to seminars, colloquia and associations (1938-1976) and there are files of lecture notes, class materials and bibliographies for McGill courses, particularly "Introduction to Psychology" (Psychology 200). About 75 slides illustrate Hebb's addresses on "Thought and Language", "Semi-autonomous processes" and other topics (ca 1962-1972). Student materials consist of files of letters of recommendation and correspondence (1947-1977) with and about students, teaching assistants, and members of Hebb's research team. As well, there are 15 original and 4 volumes of photocopied undergraduate research papers (1959-1962) and copies of 42 graduate theses supervised by Hebb (1947-1972).


A native of Nova Scotia, Joyce Hemlow was educated at Queen's University (B.A. 1941, M.A. 1942) and at Radcliffe College (A.M. 1944, Ph.D. 1948). She has taught English literature at McGill since 1945, and in 1965 became Greenshields Professor of English.

Though she has taught the whole range of English Renaissance and 18th century literature, Hemlow's main research interest is the novelist and diarist Fanny Burney. In 1958 she published a biography, The History of Fanny Burney and in 1971, A Catalogue of the Burney Family Correspondence. Since 1962, Hemlow has headed a large research project to edit The Journals and Letters of Fanny Burney (Madame D'Arblay), 1791-1840 (Oxford, 1972-). For the Burney Project, see Record Group 82.


Originals and Printed Materials, ca 1940-ca 1953, 75 cm (M.G. 1046)

Hemlow's teaching activities are documented by her students' examination papers in Mediaeval, Renaissance and 18th century literature for 1941, 1948 and 1953.

HIBBERT, HAROLD, 1877-1945

Harold Hibbert was born in Manchester, England and earned his B.Sc. (1897), M.Sc. (1900) and D.Sc. (1901) degrees from Victoria College in Manchester. In 1906 he received his Ph.D. from the University of Leipzig. From 1899 to 1904, Hibbert taught chemistry at the University College of Wales, and after 1906 became an instructor at Tufts College in Boston. Hibbert also worked as a research chemist at DuPont and Co. (1910-1914), the Mellon Institute (1914-1916) and at Yale University (1916-1919). He was Professor of Chemistry at Yale from 1919 until 1925, when he came to McGill as E.B. Eddy Professor of Cellulose Chemistry. Most of his research was conducted at the Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada on cellulose and lignin but he held patents for a wide variety of products (e.g. explosives, antifreeze, organic solvents) and served as a consultant for many types of enterprises ranging from mines to flour mills. He was also McGill's representative to the Pulp and Paper Institute of Canada. He retired in 1943.


Originals, Copies, Printed Materials, Architectural Drawings, Photographs, 1907-1961, 2.1 m (M.G. 3076)

Hibbert's papers are overwhelmingly concerned with his research activities and the related areas of patents and consulting. His general correspondence files (1910-1945) are almost entirely devoted to research communications and the business of the Pulp and Paper Research Institute. There are a few files of correpondence with individuals on special topics, e.g. with Benno Borzykowski on the establishment of chemical industries in Peru (1940-1943), with the Nobel Institute on Hibbert's nomination of Colin Fink for the chemistry prize (1934-1935), or concerning German refugee scientists (1933). Hibbert's research subject files (1915-1943) contain notes, drafts of articles, printed materials and some correspondence on a large range of organic chemistry topics: wood cellulose, lignin, synthetic fibres, analysis and catalysis, and explosives. Closely related to these are papers on the administration and equipment of the Pulp and Paper Research Institute (1927-1942) and other bodies.

Hibbert's files on patents (1914-1941) contain some documentation on his own patents, but largely concern patents of interest to him in the area of solvents, synthetic fibres and vanilla, pharmaceuticals, and alcohol. His work as a consultant is illustrated by files of notes, reports and correspondance on Komppa's synthetic camphor (1919), the establishment of chemical companies producing synthetic fibres, pulp and paper products, machinery, etc.

Hibbert's teaching activities are documented by two files of lecture notes (1945) and two of correspondence with the Chemistry Department (1934-1943) and the Graduate Faculty (1934-1945) on student-related topics, theses and honorary degrees.

His involvement with the American Chemical Society is revealed by general correspondence, largely concerning meetings and papers, correspondence with the Division of Cellulose Chemistry on research problems, division reports, publications, and relations with industry, and finally by communications with the Society's Journal regarding the refereeing of papers (1920-1944). Personal and biographical materials comprise a scattering of papers about his marriage (1917), academic appointments (1922-1924), library (1926-1941), retirement (1943), hobbies, clubs and interests. There is also a small body of correspondence with his friends, wife and family (1928-1945), as well as communications with his broker about stock investments (continued by Mrs. Hibbert until 1961). Bibliographies and photographs are also included. Obituary material is supplemented by letters of condolence to Mrs. Hibbert, and by a file documenting a dispute concerning Hibbert's biography in the National Cyclopaedia of American Biography.


F.S. Howes was born in Paris, Ontario. After serving as a signaller and wireless operator in World War I, he entered McGill University, graduating with honours in electrical engineering in 1924 and earning an M.A. in 1926. Howes then went to Imperial College of the University of London, where he received a Ph.D. for a thesis on the subject which would be his life-time reseach interest, acoustics. He joined the staff of McGill's Electrical Engineering Department in 1929 as a Lecturer, rising to the rank of Associate Professor in 1946 and Professor in 1956. Besides teaching courses in radio engineering, radar and related topics, Howes organized evening graduate programmes in engineering; this activity led to his appointment as Director of McGill's Extension Department (1949-1960). Howes also acted as a consultant to government and industry on acoustical, radio and television problems and to McGill and Sir George Williams Universities on sound levels in buildings. He succeeded in incorporating a sound-proof (anechoic) chamber as an acoustic laboratory into the design of the McConnell Engineering Building. Finally, Howes campaigned for collective bargaining rights for engineers in his capacity as chairman of the Canadian Council of the Institute of Radio Engineers (1948), and he helped to organize the CAUT and MAUT, serving as president of both bodies. He retired from McGill as Emeritus Professor in 1964.


Originals, Copies, Printed Materials, Photographs, 1939-1972, 1.2 m (M.G. 3053)

Howes' papers are entirely concerned with his work at McGill and fall into four series: personal materials, teaching materials, research papers and consulting files, and papers concerning collective bargaining.

Private files (16 cm) cover the period 1939-1962 and contain memoranda, correspondence and reports concerning Howes' appointments, salary and benefits, his engineering courses and Extension Department work, and the business of MAUT. Personal notes and poems from colleagues are also included. Teaching materials comprise 20 cm of lecture notes and laboratories notes for his course in radio design (1960), as well as a small number of files on equipment, the Engineering Faculty Summer School and student advisors (1944-1959). Research papers include a copy of Howes' doctoral thesis, as well as 18 cm of National Research Council applications, both his own and others', but all relating to acoustics, from 1948 to 1964. His work as a consultant is documented by a further 18 cm of engineering briefs and performance reports on radio stations in Ontario (1949-1960) and files of correspondence and reports on television transmission in Ottawa and Fredericton, as well as work undertaken for the U.S. Signal Corps. Howes' effort to justify the construction of the anechoic room in the McConnell Engineering Building resulted in 18 cm of plans, reports, and correspondence with industries interested in sound-proofing (1958). There are also some general research notes on noise levels in the Engineering and Physical Sciences buildings at McGill.

Finally, Howes' involvement in the question of collective bargaining rights for engineers is attested by 13 cm of notes and correspondence, largely with professional engineering associations and with political figures such as Senator A.K. Hugessen and Prime Minister McKenzie King.


Everett Hughes was born in Ohio and received his B.A. from Ohio Wesleyan University in 1918. He earned a doctorate in sociology from the University of Chicago in 1928. He came to McGill as Assistant Professor of Sociology in 1927 and remained until 1938 when he received an appointment at the University of Chicago. Hughes' special field of research was racial, cultural and religious group organization and conflict. In 1931-1932 he took a leave of absence from McGill to study Protestant-Catholic relations in southern Germany. Much of his published work concerns the French and English in Québec, and in 1965 he returned to McGill for a year as Visiting Professor in the French Canada Studies Programme.


Originals and Copies, 1928, 1972, 6 items (M.G. 3067)

These papers consist of four copies of a 1928 McGill sociology examination with two notes from Hughes (1972) suggesting that the examination was set by C.A. Dawson and discussing the influence of the Chicago School on the content of the questions.


F. Cyril James, Principal of McGill from 1939 to 1962, was a man of many facets: an economist, professor, writer and speaker, an educator of international reputation and a prominent public figure.

James was born in London, England. Before receiving his B.Com. from the London School of Economics (1924), he went to the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania, earning his M.A. in 1924 and his Ph.D. in 1926 with theses on the shipbuilding industry. From 1924 to 1939 he taught finance, transportation, and economic

history at the Wharton School and published studies of The Economics of Money, Banking and Credit (1930), England Today (1931), The Road to Revival (1932), The Economic Doctrines of John Maynard Keynes (1936) and The Growth of Chicago Banks (1938). In 1939 he came to McGill as director of the School of Commerce, and was appointed Principal in the same year. Until his retirement in 1962, James also taught courses in economics and held many important posts outside the university in the fields of government, education, and economics. He served as financial advisor for a number of banks, as well as on the National Bureau of Economic Research in New York, acted as Chairman of the Advisory Committee on Reconstruction and held executive positions in the Commission d'Orientation Economique du Québec, the American Academy of Political and Social Science and various national and international inter-university organizations, culminating in his presidency of the International Association of Universities from 1960 to 1965. After his retirement, James continued his involvement with international education, as well as working for OXFAM in a number of executive posts. When he died at his home in England in 1972, he was working on his memoirs.


Originals, Copies, Printed Materials and Photographs, 1905-1971, 30 m (M.G. 1017)

His extensive personal papers pertain to every aspect of his education, private life, and career, except for the strictly administrative side of his principalship: these office files are contained in Record Group 2.

1. Private and Autobiographical Records, 1905-1971, 2 m

James created two formal records of his life: an incomplete autobiography and approximately 95 cm of personal diary for years 1936-1962. From 1939 onwards, his diary is also a running office record of his activities as Principal. James' personal notes are handwritten, but the office copy was typed by his secretary, Dorothy McMurray. When working on his autobiography after his retirement, James interfiled the two. Apart from descriptions of his activities and reflections, the James diaries contain minutes, memoranda, letters, essays on countries visited by James, speeches and poetry. Access to the diaries is restricted until 1993. There is separate series of pocket appointment diaries from 1919 to 1972, and gardening diaries for 1949-1959 and 1963-1969.

Juvenalia and student materials consist of two albums (1905 and 1907) of postcards; a schoolboy commonplace-book of extracts, newsclippings and reflexions on religious topics (possibly digests of sermons); six volumes of secondary school notes on economic history; ca 24 cm of examination papers, essays and notes from James' London School of Economics days; and notes for a course on the Law of Prize from the University of Pennsylvania (1925). Three volumes of personal scrapbooks cover the period 1917-1939: the first (1919-1931) includes school and university reports of standing, while the remaining two consist of newspaper articles by and about James, invitations, letters concerning his speeches and publications, and telegrams and correspondence concerning James' appointment to the School of Commerce at McGill.

Private financial records include two volumes of day-books (1952-1954), two ledgers (1962-1970), bank statements (1937-1962), correspondence concerning investments, pensions etc. (1941-1969), and papers relating to his real estate in England.

2. General, ca 1925-1972

Approximately one-fifth of these papers consist of general files of correspondance and informational material. These files cover James' career from the Wharton period until his death. Different file sequences appear at different stages of James' life, but there are chronologial overlaps.

Files from the Wharton period (ca 1 m) largely concern his research, academic affairs at the University of Pennsylvania, and relations with personal friends.

Three metres of files arise from his McGill years. They contain correspondence of a non-administrative nature, e.g. invitations to speak or dine, from McGill departments, organizations and individuals, but also include James' inaugural addresses as Principal and papers pertaining to seminars conducted by Lord Cobbold at McGill in 1961. Other correspondents include learned societies (e.g. American Academy of Political and Social Sciences), individuals writing to him in his capacity as economist or international educationist, people requesting articles and speeches, and friends and members of his family, including his wife. Some personal financial materials are intermingled. Supplementing this series are bound volumes of non-administrative correspondence from 1937 to 1948. For the most part, these letters are of a private or family nature, but there are surprising incursions of offical McGill business, e.g. a letter from John Fraser declining Deanship of Medicine (1944), or a curriculum vitae and press release on the appointment of James Sutherland Thomson as Dean of Divinity at McGill.

The character of his post-retirement files is three-fold. Personal materials comprise letters from family and friends (some going back as far as 1938), papers concerning domestic finances and associations of which James was a private member. Most of the McGill section consists of correspondence with old university associates on their and his current activities, McGill affairs and Canadian politics. There are letters to and from Stanley Frost, Lorne Gales, Bertie Gardner, H. Rocke Robertson, E.A. Collard, Dorothy McMurray and many others. However, this series also contains a few important items from an earlier period, e.g. correspondence with Vincent Massey, Lester Pearson, Mackenzie King, Winston Churchill (concerning the painting of the Québec Convocation), Principal Lewis Douglas and Sir Edward Beatty (concerning salary and pension), as well as a file on James' proposed visit to the Peoples' Republic of China (1960-1964). There are also communications with the McGill University Archives and with the McGill Society of Great Britain. Finally, a large percentage of these files arose from James' active involvement in associations. Administrative correspondence with the International Association of Universities, particularly with its secretary H.M.R. Keyes, concerns membership, programmes, conferences, and the study of international educational exchanges. A separate run of files contains information on education in various countries visited by James in his offical capacity. Other educational associations in this series include colleges of which James was a fellow or trustee, the International Association for a Federal Union, the International Social Sciences Council, the Royal Society of Canada (concerning scholarships) and various inter-university bodies. Approximately 1.7 m of OXFAM files complete this series.

3. Research, ca 1870-ca 1970

Most of James' research papers stem from his Philadelphia period. The bulk of this material is research files. Approximately 7.5 m of general research files contain notes, extracts, printed materials, correspondence and some teaching materials, largely on economic history with special emphasis on banks, but also including some papers from the 1940s on education and war-time problems. A second series (approx. 1 m) is devoted to the history of banking. Again, these consist largely of notes and extracts, including extensive typed extracts from the business papers of Chicago banker James B. Forgan (fl 1900-1917), but there is a component portion of original materials, e.g. office correspondence of Pinkerton's Detective Agency (1870s-1880s) and essays and addresses by consulting economist William Wallace Goforth (ca 1930s). A third series comprises about 15 cm of notes on research methods. Finally, James created three large card-files: one a bibliography-index on economic topics, history and institutions, the second a chronology of 18th and 19th century economic history, and finally a series of larger, more discursive note cards on economic history. There are manuscripts and typescripts of the various drafts and revisions of many of James' publications, particularly The Economics of Money, Credit and Banking, Growth of Chicago Banks, England Today and The Road to Revival. There are also copies of his M.A. and Ph.D. theses, as well as drafts of about half a dozen articles, largely on shipping, from ca 1925 to ca 1933.

Most of the materials pertaining to James' work as an economic consultant are from the post-war period. These include 12 cm of speeches, correspondence and reports on post-war economic issues, 5 cm of draft reports and briefs for the Tremblay Commission (1953), 30 cm of correspondence, notes and reports pertaining to the Conseil d'Orientation Economique du Québec (1961-1962), and documentation illustrating James' involvement in the appraisal and re-organization of the Wharton School (1956-1957).

4. Teaching, 1924-1959

Materials relating to James' teaching career fall into two chronological categories, the Wharton period and the McGill period. The Wharton period is illustrated by office files (1927-1939) containing incoming and outgoing correspondence, reports and memoranda concerning the administration of the school and professonal matters. There are also lecture notes for James' courses in finance (1926-1927), money and credit (1924-1949), theory of money and banking (ca 1939), statistics, and life insurance. The McGill material comprises lecture notes for introductory economics (1944-1949), together with some worked examination papers and ca 15 cm of correspondence regarding the course, as well as James' relations with Québec economic groups; there are also lecture notes for a course in economic history (1940, 1954-1959).

5. Addresses, 1939-1967

Approximately 40 volumes of addresses given between 1939 and 1967 to audiences both within and outside McGill cover a wide range of educational and social topics. Press releases, obituaries and messages (e.g. for Old McGill) are included. The unbound addresses cover James' pre- and post-retirement years. The first category is largely concerned with education, including McGill history. This series also contains information files used for preparing speeches. The post-retirement series dilates more on broader subjects, such as the nature of the university or the work of OXFAM.

6. Pictorial Materials, ca 1925-ca 1970 (See Photograph Inventory)

Snapshots taken by James or his family and friends in his University of Pennsylvania years illustrate Philadelphia scenes, fellow students and friends, and voyages to Europe and South America. Photographs of a summer vacation in 1944, the Convocation dinner of 1949 and a journey to Hong Kong and Japan in the early 1960s round off this part of the collection. The greater part of these photographs are formal or professional pictures. These include prints of press and NFB photographs of McGill convocations in World War II, 1959 and 1961, scenes of student life and McGill buildings (1945), McGill scenes (1962), the dedication of the Morgan Arboretum (1949), the High Altitude Research Project, the closing ceremonies of Dawson College, special events, and visitors to the campus. There are also formal portraits of James and his wife, including a series of studies done for the .ul all McGill News in 1962, and photographs taken at convocations conferring honorary degrees on James.

7. Miscellaneous Materials, 1900-

Miscellaneous materials include citations, visitors' books, calling cards and printed matter. Papers given to James by W.H. Birks comprise 2 cm of letters documenting his involvement in McGill affairs, eg. (Graduates' Society, Y.M.C.A.) from 1900 to 1938, and include letters from William Peterson and Stephen Leacock. Chancellor Sir Edward Beatty also gave private files to James concerning the Medical Faculty and government aid to hospitals.


Originals, 1938, 1959, 9 cm (H99.Bd259, H98.Bd257)

James' papers consist of his original manuscript of The Growth of Chicago Banks (1938), and two drafts of an account of his visit to the U.S.S.R. in 1959.


Ottawa born R.E. ('Bert') Jamieson graduated from McGill in applied science in 1914 and after serving with the Canadian Siege Artillery in World War I returned to earn his M.Sc. in 1920. In the same year he joined the staff of the Department of Civil Engineering as Lecturer in 1920, became Assistant Professor in 1925, Associate Professor in 1930, and William Scott Professor of Civil Engineering in 1932. He served as Dean of the Faculty from 1952 until 1957; he retired as Emeritus Professor in 1962. During the Second World War, Jamieson was director-general of army engineering for the supply branch of the Department of Munitions and Supply. After his retirement, he worked as Planning Director for McGill's Brace Research Institute.


Originals, Copies, Printed Materials and Photographs, 1919-1967, 14 cm (M.G. 4052)

Over half of Jamieson's papers concern the reunion dinners for the Science 1914 class which he organized from the 1920s until the 1960s. His files include correspondence with graduates, a card file of graduates, obituaries of classmates, menus and circulars (1920-1967). Jamieson's student materials comprise projects for a graduate course in strength of materials (1919), and his research activity is documented by correspondence, graphs, and a draft article on welding (1934-1936). Teaching materials include notes and problems for a mechanics course (1946-1952) and problems on indeterminate structures (1952).

JAQUAYS, HOMER M., ca 1875-1953

Homer Jaquays was born in Frelighsburg, Québec. He graduated in Applied Science from McGill in 1896, and received both an M.A. and an M.Sc. in 1899. He served as demonstrator in Mechanical Engineering from 1898 to 1890, lecturer from 1899 to 1901 and Assistant Professor from 1901 to 1907. Meanwhile, he also worked as a consulting engineer and draughtsman for various firms in New York, Pennsylvania and England. Leaving the university for private industry, he rose to the presidency of the Steel Company of Canada (Stelco). His continued interest in the University was reflected by his presidency of the Graduates' Society (1930-1932), his service as a governor (1932-1935), and his leadership of the campaign to finance the Currie Gymnasium.


Originals and Printed Materials, 1896-1947, 30 cm (M.G. 2072)

Materials from Jaquays' student years include his valedictory address (1896) and notes for his M.A. thesis on the history of Newfoundland fisheries. His continued involvement with McGill is reflected in his speech to the Graduates' Reunion of 1931, draft articles for The McGill News on the Graduates' Society, correspondence on the Gymnasium Campaign and newsclippings. Business papers comprise addresses and articles on social, economic and business matters (1929-1947), and addresses and memorabilia from the time of his retirement.


W.G. Johnston joined the McGill Medical Faculty in 1886 as demonstrator in pathology. He also held positions in bacteriology, medico-legal pathology, public health and preventive medicine, medical jurisprudence, and hygiene.


Originals, ca 1900, n.d. (166, 249)

The Johnston papers include correspondence, curriculum vitae and lecture notes. The greater part consists of embryology notes made at the Anatomisches Institut, Munich, ca 1900.


Barbara Jones described herself as 'a geneticist by vocation, a poet by avocation'. Born in Trinidad, she graduated with a B.Sc. in agricultural botany from Imperial College of the University of the West Indies, the first woman to graduate from that institution. She went to Cornell University on a Trinidad Government Scholarship and there received her M.A.(1962) and Ph.D.(1965) in plant breeding and genetics, becoming the first woman in the West Indies to earn a doctorate. Jones came to Canada in 1966 to do post-doctoral research at Macdonald College. From 1966 to 1968, she taught genetics and biology at Marianopolis College, Sir George Williams University and McGill; in 1968 she was appointed Assistant Professor of genetics at McGill.

At the time of her death, Jones had published two volumes of poetry and had several others in press or in the planning stages. She also published in literary journals and gave frequent talks and readings, in person, on radio and on television. Her poetry and other writings revolved around themes of black experience; their goal was, in her own words, "towards a new black man, towards the full realization of man's consciousness and potential, and towards a new humanism."


Originals, Printed Materials, Photographs, 1960-1969, 70 cm (M.G. 1047)

Jones' papers reflect her work as a scientist, but not her activity as a poet. Over two-thirds of the materials is student notes, together with quizzes, laboratories and reports. These largely stem from her Cornell period, and cover graduate seminars in population genetics and biochemistry as well as her doctoral research in plant breeding and plant physiology. There are also notes for courses on statistics, genetics, agriculture and animal physiology from the University of the West Indies.

Materials related to Jones' research comprise laboratory notes and graphs, drafts of papers and correspondence with publishers, scientific supply companies, and other scientists in her field. Administrative papers related to research include applications to the National Research Council, budget statements, requisitions and invoices for equipment, records of laboratory assistants and summer students, and correspondence on travel arrangements.

Her teaching of genetics and zoology is illustrated by her class and seminar notes, laboratory outlines, reading lists, and examinations. The administrative side is represented by memoranda on course changes and course evaluation, correspondence on the rental of films and the purchase of equipment, files on freshman counselling and the supervision of graduate students and letters of recommendation for students. Supplementing these are minutes of faculty meetings and materials relating to the McGill Association of University Teachers.

Biographical material on Jones may be found in a file of curricula vitae, obituaries, and correspondence concerning the Barbara Jones Fund.

JUDAH, E.L., fl 1921-1934

Judah was curator of museums 1925-1931.


Originals, 1933-1934, 18 cm (M.G. 4067)

Judah's teaching activity is documented by his lectures for a bilingual summer course in general museum technique and a course on medical museum administration and techniques.


A specialist in applied linguistics and its applications to bilingualism and second-language learning, Monika Kehoe was born in Dayton, Ohio, and educated at Mary Manse College (B.A. 1932) and Ohio State University (Ph.D. 1935). She was Professor of English at Marianopolis College, Montréal from 1964 to 1971. During this period she co-authored The Laurel and the Poppy with McGill Professor Margaret Gillett, and contributed to Applied Linguistics: a Survey for College Teachers (1968).


Photocopy, 1970, 1 item (M.G. 4004)

Photocopy of Kehoe's 93 page report on 'English for the Non-English Mother-Tongue Students at McGill'.

KELLY, ALBERT J., 1888-1945



David Keys was born in Toronto and graduated from the University of Toronto with his B.A. in 1915 and his M.A. in 1916. He pursued graduate studies at Harvard (M.A. 1917, Ph.D. 1920) and Cambridge (Ph.D. 1922) before coming to McGill as Assistant Professor of physics. He later rose to become Associate Professor (1927), Professor (1929), and Macdonald Professor of Physics (1942). During the Second World War, he directed training programmes at McGill for R.C.A.F. radio technicians, and in 1945 he became director of Special Courses for Veterans. As Vice-President of the National Research Council, Keys was appointed director of the Chalk River nuclear research project in 1947. Although his major research interest lay in geophysics, he also published a number of papers on ionization.


Originals, Copies and Printed Materials, 1931-1947, 11 cm (M.G. 3028)

These papers contain a transcript of Keys' radio broadcast on "Radio in the Mammoth Cave of Kentucky" (1931) and files of correspondence with university, military, and government officials concerning the McGill Radio Mechanics Training Course (1941-1945). There are also a few teaching materials from this course.

KIANG KANG-HU, 1883-ca 1945

Educator and author Kiang Kang-Hu was born in Kiangsi, China. After completing the classical Chinese literary education, he held posts in the imperial ministries of justice and education (1900-1910), edited a newspaper in Tientsin (1904-1905), taught Japanese language and Chinese history at Peking University (1905-1910), was superintendent of Peking public schools (1905-1910), and founded the Chinese Social-Democratic Party (1912). From 1914 to 1920 he taught Chinese language and civilization at the University of California. Kiang returned to China in 1922 to teach at Nanking and Nan Feng universities, and to work on various constitutional committees for the republican government. He came back to America as Chinese consultant for the Library of Congress in 1928, and was appointed Chairman of the Department of Chinese Studies at McGill in 1930. Owing to the financial situation, the Department was closed in 1934. At that time Kiang was on leave of absence in China, where his political activities were beginning to lead him into difficulties. All trace of him was lost after 1939, and he is believed to have died at the end of World War II. Kiang wrote a number of books on Chinese history, culture and politics in Chinese, Japanese and English, and collaborated with the American poet Witter Bynner on Jade Mountain, a volume of translations of Chinese poems.


Originals, Printed Materials and Photographs, 1930-1933, 20 cm (M.G. 4025)

Kiang's papers cover the few years he was employed by McGill. His teaching materials include course outlines and examinations, as well as examination papers for a course in Oriental philosophy he gave at the University of Oregon Summer School in 1930. The administration of the Department of Chinese Studies is documented by requisitions and invoices for equipment and furniture, correspondence on library purchases, and letters regarding possible posts in the department, the curriculum, Kiang's salary and appointment, the Gest Chinese Library and general administrative matters. Kiang's personal files concern his work with the Hung Tao Society, his collaboration with Witter Bynmer, current events in China, and Kiang's publications and speaking engagements.


Physicist Louis Vessot King was born in Toronto, and graduated B.A from McGill in 1905 at the age of nineteen. Encouraged by Ernest Rutherford to continue in his study of physics, King went to Cambridge where he received his B.A. in 1908. In 1915 he was awarded a D.Sc. from McGill. King's long teaching career at McGill began in 1910 with his appointment as sessional Lecturer in physics. He became Assistant Professor in 1913, Associate Professor in 1915, and was Macdonald Professor of Physics from 1920 until his retirement in 1938. King's major research and publishing interests lay in fog alarm research, applications of electromagnetism, heat convection, and radiation. He developed the gyromagnetic electron theory, invented the hot-wire anemometer and worked on methods of submarine detection during World War I.


Originals, Printed Materials, Photographs, 1877, 1901-1952, 1.2 m (M.G. 3026)

The bulk of King's papers concern his research, but there is also some general correspondence, student materials, and personal papers.

Research materials comprise manuscripts and addresses, and research notes. The manuscripts and addresses (1901-1933) contain essays on fog-signals and the transmission of sound, radiation, the physics of viscous fluids, the hot-wire anemometer, astronomy, and theoretical problems. The research notes (1904-1935) comprise approximately 50 files. Eight of these concern fog-signal research (1915-1926) and include some correspondence. Other topics include radiation, physics of gases and liquids, acoustics, astronomy, electromagnetism and mathematical problems.

General correspondence covering the years 1908-1936 contains letters from his fellow physicists, including Rutherford, A.N. Shaw, E.S. Bieler and H.T. Barnes, on research and personal matters. There are also letters of introduction (1905), correspondence regarding his appointment at McGill, letters to the editor of Nature (1926), the National Research Council (1933-1934), and the Central Computing Bureau (1918), and concerning ice research (1920), tests at Prescott, including his diary of the expedition (1920), and the St. Lawrence waterway (1931-1932).

King's private papers comprise a diary for 1902, reading notes and reviews of Maria Chapdelaine (1919-1921), his pension papers, and an inventory of periodicals in his library. There are also two formal photographs and a number of snapshots of school groups, Cambridge scenes, and laboratory equipment.

KRANCK, ERNST HAKEN, fl. 1916-1970

E.H. Kranck received his bachelor's (1916), master's (1923) and doctor's (1929) degrees from the University of Helsinki. He taught geology at the University of Helsinki from 1930 to 1945, and at the Swedish Commercial College in Helsinki from 1932 to 1940. From 1945 until 1948 he was Professor of geomorphology at Neuchatel in Switzerland and in 1948 came to McGill as Visiting Professor of geology. He joined the permanent staff in 1951 and retired in 1968. His research specialties were precambrian geology, structural geology and petrology.


Original, 1970, 1 item (M.G. 4008)

A ten page autobiography covers his professional career from 1916 to 1970.

KRUSE, FRIDA, fl. 1900-1934

From 1901 until 1934, Frida Kruse taught the Kindergarten class at Macdonald College Elementary School. In 1911 she became Director of the Kindergarten, and also taught early childhood education at Macdonald College. She attended Columbia University in 1916.


Originals and Printed Materials, ca 1900-1932, 14 cm (M.G. 1048)

Kruse's work as a kindergarten instructor and teacher of kindergarten instructors is the main subject of these papers. Teaching notes, model lessons, examination papers and lectures cover the years 1908-1932. Kruse also recorded minutes of staff meetings at the Macdonald Elementary School from 1901 to 1911. A few items of professional correspondence (1916) and some clippings on educational topics complete these papers.

LAFLEUR, PAUL T., d. 1924

Lafleur held various positions at McGill between 1886 and 1923, serving as Professor of English from 1907 to 1923.


Original, 1903-1908, 9 pp (CM49.Bd Box I)

Seven manuscript poems.


Broadcast journalist and historian, Laurier LaPierre was born at Lac Mégantic, Québec, and received his bachelor's (1955), master's (1957) and doctoral (1962) degrees from the University of Toronto. He lectured in history at the University of Western Ontario from 1959 to 1961, and at Loyola, Montréal, from 1961 to 1963. In 1962 he came to McGill as Lecturer in history; he was promoted to Assistant Professor in 1963 and Associate Professor in 1965. In 1963 he served as secretary, and in 1965 as Director of McGill's French-Canada Studies Programme. LaPierre is best known to Canadians as co-host of C.B.C. television's public affairs programme, This Hour Has Seven Days and of LaPierre. He also ran as an N.D.P. candidate in Lachine in 1968 and has been

involved in a number of publication ventures. In 1978 he left McGill to become a commentator for radio station CKVU in Vancouver.


Originals, Printed Materials, Copies, and Photographs, ca 1956-1978, 15 m (M.G. 2074)

This extensive archive documents four aspects of Laurier LaPierre's career: academic, journalistic, political and entrepreneurial. The academic series comprises 2 m of historical research - notes, information files, and bibliography- on a wide range of topics in Canadian and Québec history (ca 1956-1978). Included are research notes for his doctoral thesis on Joseph Israel Tarte, and for two articles on Church-State Relations in French Canada. Related to these are files raised as a professor at McGill (1968-1978) containing minutes of faculty and departmental meetings, papers pertaining to the McGill Faculty Union and to Lapierre's views on student participation in university government, and of student essays prepared for his courses, as well as correspondence with and about students whose theses he directed. The typescript of his and Ramsay Cook's unpublished Source-Book of Canadian History is also included.

LaPierre's role as television and radio journalist is illustrated by 2.5 metres of files. Those concerning This Hour Has Seven Days

(1964-1966) contain material on the CBC crisis of 1966 and on arbitration between LaPierre and the network. Letters from viewers and friends air their reactions to the programme. LaPierre's files for the Radio-Québec series En se racontant l'histoire d'ici contain documentation for each broadcast and annotated scripts (ca 1975-1976). Similar files were raised for a historical series (with Patrick Watson) aired in Toronto and Vermont, for Inquiry, and for CBC International programmes. There is also correspondence with CTV and the C.R.T.C. (ca 1970-1971).

Illustrating his political involvements are minutes and executive lists of the N.D.P.: materials on their 1971 convention; speeches, expense accounts and photographs on LaPierre's Lachine campaign (1968); political speeches (1966-1967); and reactions to the War Measures Act (1971) and wage control legislation (1976). Closely related to these files are 70 cm of speeches, correspondence related to articles by LaPierre, and book reviews, all on contemporary political and social topics (ca 1966-1970); some speeches were probably written for the 1968 campaign.

Material on LaPierre's publishing, business and consulting activity include the files of Immedia, formed with Patrick Watson ca 1971-1974 to produce TV and film documentaries; LaPierre, Thomas and Associates (public relations, consulting, translation and publishing); and Investissements Laurier LaPierre. Considerable documentation survives for "Saberdache Québecoise", a series on French Canada planned by McClelland and Stewart but never realised.

Personal papers (50 cm) comprise general correspondence and letters regarding speaking engagements (ca 1972-1974), desk diaries (1968-1969, 1972-1975), travel accounts, insurance and family expenses, and other financial papers.


R.H. Lawson has held various positions in surgery in the McGill Medical Faculty including Archibald Resident Fellow in Experimental Surgery, 1946 and Assistant Professor begining in 1966.


Mimeographed Typescript, ca 1958, 13 p (Acc. 525)

A mimeographed typescript of "Breast cancer," by Ray Lawson, Royal Victoria Hospital, Montréal, ca 1958.


Stephen Leacock, humourist and professor of economics at McGill, was born in England, but emigrated in 1876 to Ontario. After graduating B.A. from University of Toronto in 1891, he taught at his old school, Upper Canada College, until 1899. At the University of Chicago, he pursued doctoral studies in economics and political science, and received his Ph.D. in 1903. Leacock taught economics at McGill from 1901 until his retirement in 1936, serving as department chairman from 1908 onwards.

Leacock's scholarly writings on economics, political science, sociology, history and literature total more than a hundred articles and two dozen books. Moreover, he was a talented and popular lecturer. His fame, however, is based on his humourous writings; of his more than thirty books, the most famous are Literary Lapses (1910), Nonsense Novels (1911), Arcadian Adventures with the Idle Rich (1914), and especially Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town (1912).


Originals, Photographs, 1925-1933, 3 cm (M.G. 2075)

These Leacock papers are almost entirely concerned with the literary side of his career. The literary manuscripts include his copies of "Teaching the Unteachable" (n.d.) and "The Truth about the College Girl" (1927, with covering letter), as well as a single page of an undated murder mystery. His speaking engagements are briefly recorded in a pocket diary for 1925; a single letter from 1933 declines an invitation to address a club. Pictorial materials portray Leacock in a more academic setting: a snapshot of a Commercial Society luncheon (1931), a photograph of F.M.G. Johnson's sketch, now in McGill's Faculty Club (1932), and a pencil portrait by Kathleen Thatcher.


Originals and Printed Materials, ca 1913-1960, 2.10 m (Large MSS)

Leacock's papers comprise manuscripts of books, articles, and speeches written ca 1913-1937: included are Leacock's history of Montréal, and comic pieces such as "Too Much College", "The Stamp Album World", "Simple Stories of Success" and "Bed-Time, Stories for Grown-Up People". Correspondence covers the period ca 1915-1944. There are also newspaper articles by and about Leacock; book orders and related correspondence; manuscripts of articles and speeches about Leacock; and correspondence concerning donations to the Leacock Collection (ca 1948-1960).


Wilbert McBride graduated from McGill in applied science in 1902.


Originals, n.d., 8 cm (New Mss)

Records compiled by McBride in preparation for a proposed book on the history of mining.


D.W. McKechnie held various positions in the McGill Medical Faculty including Demonstrator in clinical medicine and medicine, 1908-1932, and Lecturer in medicine, 1933-1945.


Transcripts, 1899-1903, 4 items (Acc. 327)

Transcripts of courses at McGill Faculty of Medicine contain the signatures of professors.


W.J. McNally began his association with the McGill Medical Faculty as Assistant Demonstrator in otolaryngology in 1926. He was Chairman of this department, 1950-1960, and Director of the Otolaryngology Institute, 1961-1963.


Typescripts (Carbon Copies and Photocopies), 1919-1975, 56 cm (Acc. 640)

The papers of McNally pertain mainly to his work in otolaryngology, together with lecture notes of Harold S. Dolan, M.D., Dalhousie, 1923.

MAASS, OTTO, 1890-1961

Otto Maass was born in New York, but moved to Montréal at an early age. He earned his B.A. from McGill in 1911 and his M.Sc. in 1913. His postgraduate research at the University of Berlin was interrupted by the outbreak of World War I, at which time Maass accepted a lectureship at McGill. He left to earn a Ph.D. at Harvard (1919), but returned in 1923 as Macdonald Professor of Physical Chemistry. He was appointed chairman of the department in 1937. During the Second World War, Maass combined the administration of chemical defence research with the directorship of the Pulp and Paper Research Institute. After his retirement in 1955, he became principal research officer in the division of chemistry of the National Research Council.


Originals, Copies and Printed Materials, 1908-1961, 32 cm (M.G. 1050)

The bulk of Maass's papers consist of general professional correspondence, 1913-1961, with his outgoing letters for 1946-1954. Topics covered include defence research, the Pulp and Paper Institute, N.R.C. appointments, visits of scientists, and political questions (e.g. letters letters to and from Lester Pearson on NATO and the nuclear deterrant). There are also letters of recommendation by Maass, and personal communications from colleagues. A special binder of congratulatory letters marks his election to the Royal Society (1940), and there are similar files on his retirement (1955), and of condolences to his widow at his death (1961). Maass also assembled photostat copies of letters by eminent 19th century British scientists addressed to his great-uncle, Prof. Plucker of Bonn.

Studies and research are documented by a physics laboratory notebook (1908-1909), and a "summary of data on hydrogen peroxide" collected in collaboration with W. Hatcher (1918-1919). A few addresses on the Canadian Institute of Chemistry (1939), the Pulp and Paper Research Institute (1945), and the relation between the Defence Research Board and the universities are included.


A.B. Macallum was born in Belmont, Ontario and took his B.A. in 1880 from the University of Toronto. In 1888 he received his Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University. His teaching career began in Toronto in 1884, and he taught biology, physiology, and physiological chemistry until 1907, when he became chairman of Canada's first Department of Biochemistry. In 1920 Macallum came to McGill as Professor of Biochemistry, a post he retained until his retirement as Emeritus Professor in 1929. From 1916 until 1920, he was the first chairman of the Advisory Council for Science and Research (later the National Research Council). Macallum published widely on the chemistry of animal and vegetable cells, particularly as regards the localization of minerals, on the composition of cellular and tissue fluids, blood plasma, and physical and chemical factors in heredity.


Originals and Copies, 1930, ca 1969-1972, 6 cm (M.G. 1082)

There papers consist of a typescript entitled "The origin of life on earth" by Macallum, apparently a chapter of a book, with a covering letter to Prof. A.S. Eve, 1930, and three binders of biographical material photocopied from books and journals, with photographs, sketches and bibliographies, prepared by his son A.D. Macallum, ca 1969-1972.


Duncan C. MacCallum was born at Ile aux Noix, Québec, and graduated in medicine from McGill in 1850. He was appointed Professor of clinical surgery at McGill in 1856, and of obstetrics, gynaecology and pediatrics in 1869. In 1883 he retired as Professor Emeritus. MacCallum was also on the staff of the Montreal General Hospital from 1867 to 1883, when he retired to private practice.


Originals, 1847-1903, 48 cm (M.G. 2031)

MacCallum's manuscript essays, span the years 1847-1903. They comprise his inaugural lecture on pericarditis, reminiscences of early days of the Medical Faculty, several discussions of homoeopathy, and papers on vaccination, the registration of the causes of death and other topics. Eleven volumes of his manuscript lectures "On women's medical problems" are also included.


David MacFarlane was born in Saskatchewan. He earned his B.S.A. and M.Sc. degrees from the University of Saskatchewan; and his Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota in 1942. From 1938 to 1942 he was professor of agriculture at the University of Kentucky. During the war he worked for the U.S. government, and later for the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. Appointed Professor of agricultural economics at Macdonald College in 1947, he served as Chairman of the department from 1949 until his retirement as Emeritus Professor in 1974. One of his areas of specialisation was agricultural development in the Third World and he conducted consultative research in Mali, Afganistan and Brazil.


Originals, Photocopies, Printed Materials, 1966-1968, 20 cm (M.G. 3015)

MacFarlane's 1966 research project on the impact of industrial mechanization in Brazil is documented by notes, correspondence, reports, articles and financial records.


A native of Baddeck, Nova Scotia, Frank MacIntosh was educated at Dalhousie University (B.A. 1930; M.A. 1932) and at McGill University (Ph.D. 1937). From 1938 to 1949, he was a member of the scientific staff of the Medical Research Council of Great Britain. In 1949, MacIntosh came to McGill as Drake Professor of Physiology and chairman of the department. He held the chairmanship until 1965 and retired as Emeritus Professor in 1980.


Originals and Printed Material, 1960-1962, 1 cm (M.G. 1083)

MacIntosh's involvement with the Medical Research Council of Canada is documented by correspondence, agendas and minutes (1960-1962) concerning grant applications and administrative affairs, particularly the Advisory Committee on Policy.

MacMILLAN, CYRUS JOHN, 1883-1953

English professor, author and politician, Cyrus Macmillan was born in Prince Edward Island and earned his B.A. (1900) and M.A. (1903) from McGill. After receiving his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1909, he returned to McGill as Lecturer in English. Macmillan served in the First World War with the 7th Canadian Siege Battery, which he helped to organize. In 1919, he was promoted to Associate Professor, and in 1923 became Chairman of the English Department. From 1940 until 1947 he served as the Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Science. During this period, Macmillan pursued a second career as a politician. He was Federal Minister of Fisheries in 1930, and federal M.P. for Queen's (P.E.I.) from 1940 to 1945. A prolific writer, he published a history of McGill as well as volumes of Canadian folk-tales and studies of Canadian literature. After 1945 he was chief editorial writer for the Charlottetown Patriot.


Originals, Printed Materials and Photographs, 1904-1953, 68 cm (M.G. 1057)

Macmillan's papers, consisting largely of correspondence and literary manuscripts, document all aspects of his career. Biographical background is provided by his own notes on his life and family history. From his student years come certificates and testimonials in support of his application for a Rhodes Scholarship (1904-1909). His war experience is recorded in letters from the front preserved by his family, and by a personal diary for 1917. There are also approximately twenty photographs of Macmillan and his family taken between about 1905 and 1940.

Macmillan's correspondence includes files of letters to his wife (1917-1936) on his war service and political affairs; personal and social letters (1923-1929); political correspondence, including several letters from McKenzie King (1926-1946); letters concerning McGill, including a number from Sir Arthur Currie and from Stephen Leacock (1920-1947); post-retirement correspondence on McGill and public affairs; and correspondence concerning his publications (1920-1960). There are also files of invitations to events at McGill and elsewhere.

The manuscripts fall into two categories: political speeches and literary manuscripts. Besides notes and texts for his own speeches, there are also texts of, and newspaper clippings about speeches written by Macmillan for Sir Arthur Currie and others (1920-1950). Drafts and typescripts of his literary works are supplemented by notes, clippings and correspondence.


Born in Wales, Ontario, Keith Markell graduated B.A., with honours in history, from McGill in 1938. He took his theology degree from Presbyterian College in 1941, and was ordained the same year. He served in churches in Vancouver and Ottawa and began doctoral studies at University of Chicago. Markell joined the staff of the Presbyterian College in 1947 as lecturer in church history, and was promoted to a professorship in 1950. In 1960, when the College entered McGill's Faculty of Religious Studies, he was appointed Assistant Professor; at his retirement in 1980 he was an Associate Professor. Markell received his Ph.D. from Chicago in 1971, and wrote a number of works on Canadian Presbyterian history.


Original, 1979, 2 cm (M.G. 4041)

Typescript of his history of the Faculty of Religious Studies from 1948 to 1978.


C.F. Martin held many positions in the McGill Faculty of Medicine

after 1893. He was Dean of Medicine from 1923 to 1936 and a Governor of McGill, 1935-1938.


Originals, 1911-1943, 1953, n.d. (Acc. 54, 56, 67, 170, 190, 205, 212, 391, 635)

The Martin papers include correspondence, addresses, lectures, articles, photographs, clippings and reprints. His correspondence includes letters from Stephen Leacock, 1935-1943, Sir James Mackenzie, 1911-1913, and Sir Andrew Macphail, 1937-1938.


Born in Cape Breton, C.H. ("Bunty") McLeod received his Bachelor of Applied Science from McGill in 1873 as part of the first graduating class in this Faculty. After his graduation he took charge of the McGill Observatory, where he had been trained in his student days as an assistant observer. He also worked for the railways on problems of time-keeping, and for the Newfoundland government as a surveyor. In 1876 he joined the teaching staff at McGill, and rose to become Vice-Dean of the Faculty of Applied Science. As a scientist, McLeod's major work was done in connection with the McGill Observatory which he directed for over forty years. It was here that he established the exact longitude of Montréal in 1892. Under his direction, the Observatory became the base station for Canada; its time-signals constituted one of the most widely-distributed time services of the period.


Originals, Photocopies, Printed Materials, Photographs, 1868-1968, 12 cm (M.G. 1056)

Very few of the McLeod papers actually concern the Observatory. However, his work for the railways and in Newfoundland is documented, as are his views on the education and employment of engineers. The basic record for the early part of his career is a diary kept from 1870 to 1875, regarding student days and early work on the Observatory. An essay, "Winter under canvas" (1868) describes an early surveying job, and a letter from his father (1872) inquires about his academic progress. His work for the railways is documented by three letters of recommendation, and two letters (one from Stanford Fleming) on the work of his colleagues in the West. The Newfoundland survey (1875) is described in McLeod's diary, a manuscript essay "Across Newfoundland" (1876), his printed reports and three letters. His work at McGill is represented by six letters (largely official acknowledgements of appointments), and McLeod's manuscript notes on McGill history. McLeod's concern with the engineering profession is reflected in two addresses on education and professional development, and copies of about a dozen letters to Sir Wilfrid Laurier (1906-1908), C.A. McGrath and E.F. Wurtele (1912), largely on the employment of engineers in the civil service.




J.C. Meakins joined the McGill Medical Faculty in 1909 as demonstrator in clinical medicine. He subsequently held a number of positions in pathology and experimental medicine before becoming Dean of Medicine, 1941-1948. As well, he was director of the Department of Experimental Medicine, 1918-1919, 1924-1948, and director of the University Medical Clinic, 1927-1948.


Originals and Carbon Copy, 1936, 1953 (Acc. 50, 540)

This interleaved copy of Meakins' "The practice of medicine," 1936, contains manuscript additions and corrections together with an address on 'Humanism in Modern Medicine', 1953.




W.C.J. Meredith, the son of Frederick Meredith, was born in Montréal and educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he earned a degree in law in 1925. Admitted to the Bar of Québec in 1927, he practiced with the Montréal firm of Meredith, Holden, Heward and Holden, and was appointed K.C. in 1942. Meredith was the author of studies on criminal insanity, automobile accidents, and medical malpractice. He also served as a member of the Council for the Survey of the Legal Profession in Canada. He was appointed Dean of Law in 1950, Macdonald Professor of Law in 1955, and director of the Institute of Air and Space Law in 1958.


Originals, 1927-ca 1950, 1 m (M.G. 4057)

Meredith's papers relate almost exclusively to his professional, philanthrophic and leisure activities prior to his appointment as Dean of Law. The largest series comprises correspondence files (1927-1945) dealing with his professional expenses, memberships, insurance, investments, and personal finances. Other professional papers include files on the survey of the Legal Profession in Canada 1945-1946, and an address to the Junior Bar Association on automobile accident law (1945). The philanthropic aspect of his work is documented by files on the Inns of Court Fund, 1947-1948; and particularly on Bishop's University, of which Meredith was a trustee, 1943-1950. Meredith was chairman of the Québec Committee, the Selwyn House School Association, 1945-1948. Correspondence regarding amateur radio licencing, transmission, and equipment reflects Meredith's favourite hobby, 1945-1947. The only material relating to his teaching career is an introductory lecture to first-year students entitled "The Legal Profession".


Carman Miller was born in Nova Scotia and educated at Acadia University (B.A., 1960; B.Ed., 1961), Dalhousie (M.A., 1964) and University of London (Ph.D., 1970). In 1967, he joined the History Department at McGill as a Lecturer; he became Assistant Professor in 1971 and Associate Professor in 1977. He also served as Chairman of the department from 1978 until 1981. Miller's research interests are primarily in Canadian military and political history of the late 19th and early 20th century.


Originals, Copies, Photographs, 1972-1974, 2.5 cm (M.G. 3072)

These papers mainly consist of research materials and preliminary drafts for Miller's history of the McGill Faculty Club. These include transcripts from the Club's Council minutes, the McGill University scrapbooks and the minutes of the University Club, as well as originals and copies of contributions by John Bland (on the architecture of the building), T.H. Matthews (on the admission of women) and F.R. Scott (on the social atmosphere). As well as Miller's typescript of the history, there are drafts of his outgoing letters to contributors and colleagues, some incoming letters and copies of Club Council meetings dealing with the history. There is also correspondence arising from Miller's chairmanship of local arrangements for the annual meeting of the Canadian Historical Association in 1972.


After graduating from McGill in engineering (1961), Henry Mintzberg studied at the Sloan School of Management at M.I.T., where he earned his Ph.D. in 1969. In 1968 he was appointed Assistant Professor in the Faculty of Management at McGill, and in 1982 was named to the Bronfman Chair. He has published widely in the field of managerial studies, and served as a consultant to business and government.


Originals and Copies, 1956-1978, 6 m (M.G. 1058)

Mintzberg's papers comprise student materials, office files, and papers relating to his publications.

Student materials contain course notes from both the engineering (1956-1961) and management (1961-1968) phases of Mintzberg's education, as well as research notes and drafts for his doctoral thesis "The Manager at Work". His McGill office files contain reports, minutes and memoranda for various faculty committees (1968-1976); correspondence, particularly regarding the M.B.A. programme (1970-1976); course outlines (1968-1973); and files on his Ph.D. students (1974-1976) (Restricted). Papers relating to publications include research notes, working papers, and drafts of articles and books, as well as correspondence about his writings (1968-1978).


Born in England in 1886, he served as Principal of University College, Hull from 1926 to 1935. After leaving McGill and returning to Britain, he was Assistant Secretary, Ministry of Labour and National Service from 1941 to 1945.


Originals, 1936, 12 pp (M.G. 4061)

Corrected typescript of "The Power and the Glory: an outsider looks at biology".


H.F. Moseley joined the McGill Faculty of Medicine as Demonstrator in surgery in 1939. In 1961 he became Associate Professor.


Originals, 1944, 500 pp, 28 cm (Acc. 386)

A manuscript of "Shoulder lesions," 1944 by Moseley contains the publisher's annotations for the 1945 edition.


Born in England, Charles Moyse received two B.A. degrees from the University of London; English, 1872 and in animal physiology, 1874. After serving as the headmaster of St. Mary's College in Peckham, England, he came to McGill University in 1878 as Professor of history and Associate Professor of English language and literature. From 1882 to 1919, he was Molson Professor of English Language and Literature and held the position of Lecturer in history from 1882 to 1895. In 1904 he became the Dean of the Faculty of Arts and the Vice-Principal of the University. In 1919 he retired as Emeritus Vice-Principal.


Originals and Printed Materials, 1900-1919, 18 cm (M.G. 4001)

Moyse's private papers consist largely of correspondence, and fall into four subject-areas: finance, associations and philanthrophy, literature and personal affairs. Financial papers consist of invoices for purchases, papers and correspondence regarding property purchases and taxes, and customs and shipping notices. Moyse's memberships in associations, particularly cricket clubs, is documented by correspondence and invoices for dues, as are his contributions to organizations such as the Y.M.C.A. and various hopitals. Literary correspondence concerns his own publications of fiction, as well as the publication ventures of others. Some are covering letters for manuscripts submitted for his criticism. Finally, his personal correspondence contain letters from Canadian and English friends, as well as McGill colleagues. Letters to Mrs. Moyse from their two sons describe their experience on active service during World War I.


A native of Montréal, David Munroe was educated at Macdonald College (School for Teachers) and at McGill University where he obtained his B.A. in 1928 and M.A. in 1931. He later received his D.Sc.Ed. from Laval University. Munroe taught at the High School of Montreal from 1928 to 1930 and at Lower Canada College from 1930 to 1936. He also served as principal of the Ormstown High School from 1936 to 1949. From 1949 to 1964 he was Director of the School for Teachers and Professor of education at McGill. He was appointed chairman of the Department of Education in 1954 and from 1957 to 1969 was Macdonald Professor of Education. Munroe served as vice-chairman of the Royal Committee of Enquiry on Education in Québec, (1961-1965); and as advisor in the External Aid Office, to consider establishing an Institute of Education at the University of West Indies, (1961).


Originals and Photocopies, 1881-1943, 1962, 9 cm (M.G. 1052)

Munroe's papers comprise the drafts, both English and French, of the Report of the Royal Committee of Enquiry on Education in Québec (the "Parent Commission"), 1962. Also included is a file of notes, transcriptions of printed articles and archival documents, as well as some original material pertaining to the history of the McGill Normal School (1881-1943).


Daniel Murray was born in Scotsburn, Nova Scotia and educated at Dalhousie University (B.A., 1884). After earning his Ph.D. in mathematics from Johns Hopkins University in 1893, he held teaching posts at New York University (1890-1894), Cornell University (1894-1901) and Dalhousie (1901-1907). In 1908 he was appointed Professor of mathematics in the Faculty of Applied Science and in 1924 became first Chairman of the united Department of Mathematics. He retired as Emeritus Professor in 1930. Murray was the first President of McGill's Faculty Club, a Freemason and an elder in the Presbyterian Church of St. Andrew and St. Paul.


Microfilm prepared by the Public Archives of Nova Scotia of originals in possession of Mr. Angus Murray, Montréal, 1883-1934, 7 reels (M.G. 3036)

Murray's pocket diaries for 1883-1934 provide a brief record of his activities, social engagements, letters, visits and the weather. The earliest volumes, covering his last years as an undergraduate at Dalhousie and the final ones written after his retirement are the most detailed.


John Clark Murray, philosopher and teacher, was born in Paisley, Scotland, the son of David Murray, later provost of Paisley, and Mary Clark of the thread-manufacturing family. He studied philosophy at the Universities of Glasgow and Edinburgh (1850-1856, 1859) under Sir William Hamilton, premier representative of the optimistic and humanistic theist tradition of the Scottish Enlightenment. After a period of study at Heidelberg and Gottingen, he was appointed Professor of philosophy at Queen's College, Kingston. He taught there from 1862 to 1871, when he moved to McGill where he was to remain as Frothingham Professor of Mental and Moral Philosophy until his retirement in 1903.

Murray was consciously committed to transplanting the philosophical viewpoint of the Scottish Enlightenment to a Canadian context, although in an independent and critical spirit. His published works - six books and about 125 articles - diffused this optimistic and liberal outlook not only on abstract matters of psychology and ethics, but on a wide range of social and political issues. Two questions claimed his particular attention: capital and labour, and the status of women. It was over the issue of coeducation that his clash with J.W. Dawson took place in 1888. Murray was married to Margaret Poulson Murray, founder of the Imperial Order of the Daughters of the Empire.


Originals, Printed Materials, Photographs, ca 1807-1907, 96 cm (M.G. 3083)

The Murray papers record his university education, and his teaching and literary activity from 1869-1904. They also reveal his interest in the history of his family, and contain a very small number of personal items.

Clark's student days in Glasgow and Edinburgh are documented by six lecture notebooks for classics, languages, theology and courses on philosophy by P.C. MacDougall and Sir William Hamilton. Eighteen essays on logical and theological themes, as well as five exegetic exercises and homilies, some delivered in Paisley are also included. From his sojourn in Germany (1856-1857) come address books, course announcements, and a registration book showing courses, professors, and fees paid.

His activities as a teacher are represented by 22 notebooks of lecture notes on logic, ethics, metaphysics, church history, and topics in the history of philosophy. Some are for courses delivered to the Montréal Ladies' Educational Association.

His literary remains consist of manuscripts of Christian Ethics (published in 1906), drafts and fair copy of a tragedy entitled

Judas of Kerioth, and The Industrial Kingdom of God (ca 1887).

There are also notes and proofs for an article on women's rights.

As private records, Murray left a scrapbook of clippings of his articles (1862-1917), an album of photographs of friends and students (ca 1860-ca 1900), a bundle of press clippings on his retirement from McGill, a letter and some press clippings about his Introduction to Ethics (1891) and two letters from former students who became missionaries.

Family history materials fall into two groups: genealogical tables and questionnaires concerning the Clark family, with a few letters; and the papers of David Murray, father of J. Clark Murray and for many years provost of Paisley. These comprise 4 cm. of correspondence largely on political matters, with the Home Office, Robert Peel, Lord Shaftsbury, Lord Dufferin and others, a scrapbook of invitations and newsclippings relative to his provostship, and to the career of his son (1833-1878), and some letters from his brother John, written in London in August 1843 shortly before John vanished mysteriously.


A native of Montréal, John Nicholls received from McGill University his B.A. in 1930, M.D.,C.M. in 1934, and M.Sc. in 1935. He entered private practice in Montréal as an ophthalmologist in 1938. Nicholls also taught at McGill University as Assistant Professor of ophthalmology from 1950 to 1956 and as Associate Professor of ophthalmology from 1957 until his retirement in 1970.


Originals, 1965, 19 pp (M.G. 2032)

Essay on "Ophthalmology at McGill University", 1965.


Born in Montréal, Robert Nicholls was educated at McGill University, obtaining his B.A. in 1933, M.Sc. in 1935, and Ph.D. in 1936. He also undertook post-doctoral work at Cornell University, the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn, and Cambridge University in his area of specialization, high polymers. He was appointed Lecturer in chemistry at McGill in 1937 and Assistant Professor in 1940. During the Second World War, Nicholls was part of a group of researchers at McGill charged with developing explosives, notably RDX. From 1946 until his retirement, Nicholls was Associate Professor of chemistry, as well as serving as Associate Dean and Secretary of the Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research. Nicholls is also an authority on the history of science; he collected and catalogued the Chemistry Department's library of historic works on chemistry. For his work in establishing the Canadian Railroad Museum, he was awarded the Order of Canada in 1984.


Originals and Printed Materials, 6.3 m (M.G. 1062)

Nicholls' papers are largely the products of his research work; there are also some materials from his student years, and some files related to his teaching and administrative activities.

Student materials consist of notes for undergraduate and graduate courses (1931-1936) and of lectures attended during post-doctoral study at Brooklyn and Cambridge. Teaching files contain examinations and quizzes for courses taught by Nicholls (1936-1973), lecture notes for his course in organic chemistry (1952-1955), laboratory manuals, and correspondence with the Québec Ministry of Education regarding marking of High School Leaving Examinations in chemistry (1940-1949). Administrative responsibilities are documented by files of memoranda and minutes, on the business of Graduate Faculty (1960-1971), the Scholarhips Committee (1967-1969), the Museums Committee (1965) and Civil Defence (1951).

Approximately half the records concern research, largely in two fields: war research, and the history of science. War research is covered by correspondence (1939-1951) with Otto Maass and other officers of the National Research Council, the Defence Department, private industry, and fellow chemists, such as Russell Smart, largely on RDX and chemical warfare. Chemical warfare is also the subject of some reading and lecture notes (1942). Drafts and published reports of Nicholls' research on RDX are supplemented by copies of other NRC and Defence Department reports on explosives research, mustard gas, and the work of the NRC Polymer Subcommittee (1942-1944). Nicholls' involvement with the Canadian Society for the History and Philosophy of Science is reflected in files of minutes, reports and correspondence (1974-1977). There are also completed questionnaires and correspondence concerning the survey of historical scientific instruments conducted by the Association on behalf of the Union internationale d'histoire et de philosophie des sciences. Files of correspondence with the Humanities Research Council largely deal with assessing grant applications for history of science projects. Other research materials include notes for a bibliography on plastics, soaps and synthetics, and a file of reading notes and correspondence with antiquarian booksellers regarding the history of espionnage (ca 1930-1955). Nicholls' interest in the history of science at McGill is reflected in 1.8 m of notes and photocopies of material on individuals, faculties, and science buildings.


An authority on comparative literature, Algy Noad was born in Lachine and educated at McGill, where he received his B.A. in 1919 and M.A. in 1921. From 1919 to 1920, he was the tutor of the son of President Mario Garcia Menocal of Cuba. He joined the English Department at McGill in 1921, and taught there until 1951. Noad published three text-books on English composition, helped to edit A Course in World Literature (Columbia University Press, 1927), and at the time of his death was working on a study of imaginary voyages in literature.


Originals, Printed Materials, ca 1919-1950, 2 m (M.G. 1063)

Noad's papers document his research, and to a lesser extent, his teaching of English and comparative literature. They comprise 1.5 m of binders containing notes, clippings, extracts, and bibliographies on literary topics, e.g. imaginary voyages, memoires, the gentleman in satire, "Ossian", the young Byron, Spanish literature. A few binders contain lecture notes for his courses. Unbound materials include research notes on Ugo Foscolo and 19th century Italian poetry, lecture notes for courses in 19th century English poetry, files of clippings on 19th and 20th century writers, and bibliography cards for Elizabethan through 18th century literature.



OERTEL, HORST, 1861-1956

Born in Dresden, Germany, Horst Oertel emigrated to the United States at the age of fourteen. In 1894 he earned his M.D. from Yale University, and continued with postgraduate studies in pathology at the Universities of Berlin, Leipzig and Wurzburg until 1898. On his return to the United States, he was appointed director of the Russell Institute of Pathology in New York. He later undertook a period of study at Guy's Hospital, London. Oertel came to McGill in 1914 and retired as Emeritus Professor of pathology in 1938.


Originals and Printed Materials, 1925, 1934, 2 items (M.G. 1088)

Oertel's papers consist of a printed copy of his address on "The biological sciences and philosophy" given before the Philosophical Society of McGill in 1925 and a report to the Chancellor and Governors of McGill on the affairs of the Pathology Department (1924-1934).


Michael Oliver was born in North Bay, Ontario. He earned his B.A. (1948), M.A. (1950) and Ph.D. (1957) from McGill and also studied at the Institut des Etudes Politiques in Paris. In 1958, Oliver was appointed Assistant Professor of economics and political science at McGill. He was promoted to Associate Professor and became Director of the French Canada Studies Programme in 1963. From 1966 until 1971, he was Vice-Principal (Academic), and he served as research director of the Royal Commission on Biculturalism and Bilingualism from 1964 until 1970. Oliver has also been involved in politics as President of the New Democratic Party. He served as President of Carleton University from 1972 to 1978, and since 1979 has been director of the International Development office of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada.


Originals, Photocopies and Printed Materials, 1964-1970, 10 m (M.G. 1064)

Oliver's papers deal almost entirely with his work for the Royal Commission on Biculturalism and Bilingualism. Correspondence, minutes, reports and press releases document the Commission's meetings, organization, personnel, and finances. There are also briefs, reports of study groups, drafts of the final report, and files on individuals. Records of his Vice-principalship at McGill can be found in Record Group 3.


Tomas Pavlasek was born in London, England. He earned his B.Eng. (1944), M.Eng. (1948) and Ph.D. (1958) from McGill, and was a research associate in the Department of Electrical Engineering from 1948 to 1952. He was appointed Assistant Professor in 1953, Associate Professor in 1957 and Professor in 1962. He served as Secretary of the Faculty in 1966-1967, and Associate Dean for Planning and Development from 1967 to 1970. From 1967 to 1970 he also was a member of the Commission on Higher Education fo the Québec Superior Council of Education. Pavlasek's major research interests are microwave measurement, automatic control, antennas and electro-magnetic wave propagation.


Originals and Printed Materials, 1963-1972, 1.5 m (M.G. 1066)

Pavlasek's files fall into two series. Larger of the two concerns his work on the Superior Council of Education (1967-1972). Correspondence, notes and minutes deal with the establishment of the Université du Québec, the organization of a Council of universities, and legislation regarding capital funding of universities. The McGill Senate is the subject of the second series, comprising correspondence, minutes, reports and submissions from 1963 to 1971.


Born in Spokane, Washington, Wilder Penfield received his B.Litt. from Princeton University in 1913 and was a Rhodes Scholar in Oxford (B.A. 1916). He received his M.D. from Johns Hopkins in 1918. Studying under Sir Charles Sherrington at Oxford, Penfield became interested in the working of the brain. From 1921 to 1928 he engaged in research and neurosurgery at the Presbyterian Hospital and served on the Medical Faculty of Columbia University. Appointed to the Medical Faculty of McGill in 1928, he was Chairman of the Department of Neurological Surgery from 1934 to 1960. An endowment from the Rockefeller Foundation enabled him to establish the Montreal Neurological Institute (M.N.I.) which opened in 1934. At the M.N.I. Penfield made many innovations in neurosurgery including an operation to cure epilepsy. He devoted much of his research to the study of the physiology of the brain and speech memory and sensation. Besides his numerous scientific publications, Penfield wrote two novels and participated in a large number of professional organizations.


Originals, Photographs, Film, Tapes, and Printed, ca 1928-1976, 45 m

A large collection housed at the M.N.I. documents Penfield's work as a researcher, hospital administrator, and staff member of the University. Besides unpublished and published records, the Penfield Collection includes various artifacts and objects as well as drawings, paintings, and books. A detailed finding aid is available for much of the papers. Access to the records is by permission of the Curator of the Penfield Collection. A detailed finding aid describes much of the collection. The Penfield Papers fall into the following general categories.

1. McGill University/M.N.I., 1928-ca 1970

Penfield's activities as a Professor and Chairman of the Department of Neurological Surgery at McGill, 1928-1960 are documented in a separate chronological correspondence series as well as correspondence arranged by subject or organization. There are also files on curriculum, teaching, and relating to service on various committees and (in the 1960s) on the Board of Governors.

A separate group of records cover Penfield's direction of the M.N.I. Included is correspondence on the founding of the M.N.I. and with the Rockefeller Foundation, 1928-1955; correspondence with the Royal Victoria Hospital; and records relating to the M.N.I. building, celebrations and programmes.

2. Private Correspondence, ca 1928-1976

Included is correspondence with friends, family, and professional colleagues, some filed chronologically, some by correspondent or subject. Correspondents include members of the Rockefeller Foundations, Edward Archibald, and various private patients. There are also files documenting travel, associations, and honours received.

3. Records of Events

While records of some events in Penfield's life are contained in the categories described above (1 & 2), other records of events are grouped separately. These include film, tape, and audio-visual records of events; newsclippings, photographs, reports and minutes, as well as some technical records dealing with medical and scientific data.

4. Writings by Penfield, 1915-1975

This category comprises Penfield's drafts, typescripts, illustrations, publications as well as related correspondence. These are a large number of addresses to various organizations.


David Penhallow was born in Maine, and received his B.A. from Boston University in 1873. He became research assistant to William Smith Clark, President and Professor of botany and horticulture at Massachusetts Agricultural College. He followed Clark to Japan when the latter was appointed President of Sapporo Agricultural College in 1876 and taught there for four years. In 1880, Penhallow returned to the United States, where he conducted agricultural research at Houghton Farm, New York. He came to McGill as Lecturer in botany in 1883, and became Professor of botany in 1885. In 1901, he was named Macdonald Professor of Botany. An authority on palaeobotany, Penhallow wrote a Manual of North American Gymnosperms and A Review of Canadian Botany, as well as nearly two hundred scientific papers. He became senior curator of the Redpath Museum in 1908.


Originals, Copies, ca 1897, 1 cm (M.G. 3077)

These scientific papers consist of an autograph article (with photocopy) on 'Nematophytoncrassum' (ca 1897), and an undated manuscript statistical table.


Harry Crane Perrin, Doctor of Music of Dublin University and Fellow of the Royal College of Organists was born at Wallingsborough, Northamptonshire, England in 1865. After studying in the British Isles and on the Continent, he became the organist and chairmaster of St. Columba's College, Dublin in 1886. He held similar positions at St. John's Church, Lowestoft, Suffolk (1888-1892), Coventry Cathedral (1892-1898), and Canterbury Cathedral (1898-1908).

In 1908 Perrin was appointed as the first Professor of music at McGill and the second Director of the Conservatorium of Music. When the Faculty of Music was created in 1920, he became the first Dean and held the position until he retired in 1929. He was Emeritus Dean of the Faculty of Music from 1932 to 1952.


Originals, 1909-1949, 32 cm (M.G. 3025)

These records consist almost entirely of Perrin's typescript lectures (1922-ca 1929). Some are in series, and were probably used in teaching university courses. Some are introductory or graduation addresses to music students. Predominant topics include music education, music in Canada, national musical styles, formal and genre developments, aesthetics, and the work of individual composers. Perrin's correspondence comprises a general file (1912-1949) concerning faculty matters, concerts, publications, and personal affairs, a file regarding concert and speaking engagements (1911-1929), and a few letters about the publication of Perrin's Canadian Song Book (1918). Some essays and answers to examination questions stem from Perrin's student years.


John Bonsall Porter was born in Glendale, Ohio, and graduated from Columbia University in 1882. After a year as instructor in mining at the University of Cincinnati, he returned to Columbia to earn his Ph.D. (1884). Twelve years of professional work ended in 1896 with his appointment as Macdonald Professor of Mining and Metallurgy at McGill, a position he held until his retirement in 1927.


Originals, 1892, 1907-1908, 1927-1928, 12 items (M.G. 1011)

These scattered items of correspondence deal with Porter's resignation from the Cincinnati, Hamilton and Dayton Railroad Co. (1892), stock purchases (1907) and other financial matters (1927-1928).


Ray Powell was born in Tablegrove, Illinois, and educated at the University of Illinois. A member of McGill's Board of Governors from 1950 onwards, he served as Chancellor of the University from 1957 to 1964. At the time of his appointment as Chancellor, he was Senior Vice-President and Director of the Aluminium Co. of Canada, Ltd.


Photocopy, 1962, 13 pp (M.G. 4030)

Powell's address before the Canadian Council of Christians and Jews (13 December 1962) discusses religious prejudice, with special reference to McGill admissions policies.




C.B. Purves was born in Scotland, and received his B.Sc. (1923) and Ph.D. (1929) from St. Andrew's University. As a Commonwealth Fund Fellow, he conducted post-doctoral research in Washington on his special area of interest, sugar metabolism. After a period as a research fellow at Aberdeen University he received an appointment at the U.S. National Institute of Health in 1931. From 1936 until 1943, Purves was Associate Professor of organic chemistry at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and it was there that his research interest shifted to the chemistry of cellulose and wood. In 1943 he was appointed E.B. Eddy Professor of Industrial and Cellulose Chemistry at McGill and chief of the Wood Chemistry Division of the Pulp and Paper Research Institute, where he made fundamental advances in the isolation of lignin. From 1947 until 1949, Purves was Chairman of the Physical Sciences Group of the Faculty of Arts and Science, and from 1961 until his sudden death, he served as Chairman of the Chemistry Department.


Originals and Printed Materials, 1921-1965, 50 cm (M.G. 1067)

The greater portion of Purves' papers consists of research materials from his undergraduate and post-graduate period. These include lecture notes in natural philosophy and chemistry (1921-1923), laboratory notes on methylated sugars (1923-1924), extraction of glucose by yeast (1929-1931) and carbohydrate analysis (1929-1930) and reports of experiments at the U.S. National Institute of Health. Teaching files contain lecture notes for his courses in organic chemistry (1957-1965) and correspondence with John R. Platt regarding a new textbook of elementary organic chemistry.


Herschel Reilley was born in Ontario, and received his B.A. (1913) and M.A. (1914) from McGill. However, he had already begun teaching at McGill in 1911 as an Assistant Demonstrator in physics; he later became Lecturer (1916), Assistant Professor (1918), Associate Professor (1927) and Professor (1944). Reilley's main research interests were in thermal conductivity and acoustics, and under the aegis of the National Research Council he conducted experiments in fire retardation and surveys of urban and industrial noise. He was very active in public affairs, serving on the School Board (1925-1944), as a governor of the Montreal General Hospital and as Chairman of the Noise Abatement League.


Originals, Copies, Printed Materials, Photographs, and Plans, 1913-1918, 1929-1944, 15 cm (M.G. 3027)

Reilley's papers related entirely to his career as a university teacher and research scientist. Teaching materials consist of lecture notes and examination questions for his courses on heat, light and sound, as well as materials for a popular course on the general principles of science. Papers illustrating his research interests are grouped around two topics, fire and noise. Tables, notes, photographs, reports and correspondence concern his experiments in using gypsum and gyprock as flame-proof building materials (1930-1932). Notebooks record his survey of noise levels at Bleury and St. Catherine Streets (1930-1938), and notes and correspondence document his researches on the acoustics of public buildings (1929-1936). A hospital administration course designed by Gerhart Hertman, but based on Reilley's work, concentrates on the twin problems of insulation and acoustics (1939). There are also files of printed background material on noise pollution.


H. Rocke Robertson was born in Victoria, and received his B.Sc. (1932) M.D.,C.M. (1936) from McGill. After his internship at the Montreal General Hospital (1936-1938), Robertson went to the Royal Infirmary in Edinburgh as clinical assistant in surgery (1938-1939). During the Second World War, he served as the commanding officer of a field surgical unit. Upon his return to Canada, he became chief of surgery (1944-1945) at the Vancouver Military Hospital, and head surgeon at the Shaughnessy Veterans' Hospital (1945-1950). In 1950, Robertson became Professor of surgery at the University of British Columbia and in 1959 he came to McGill as Professor of surgery and Chairman of the Department. He also served as surgeon-in-chief at the Montreal General Hospital from 1959 to 1962. In 1962 he became the first McGill graduate to be appointed Principal, serving until 1970.


Microfilm, 1961-1970, 6 reels RESTRICTED (M.G. 2001)

Six reels of microfilmed personal diaries cover Robertson's years as Principal of McGill. These diaries are closed until August 21, 2000.

For the papers of Robertson as Principal, see Record Group 2.


Sound-tape, 1975, 3 cassettes (Acc. 572) RESTRICTED

This interview with Robertson was conducted by Jean Morrison in 1975 for the McGill Oral History Programme.


Thomas George Roddick was born in Harbour Grace, Newfoundland, and obtained his M.D.,C.M. from McGill in 1868. In the same year he entered the militia; eventually he would be placed in charge of the medical department of the Riel Expedition and would become Canada's first Director of Army Medical Services. After graduating from McGill, Roddick joined the staff of the Montreal General Hospital. In 1874 he was appointed demonstrator in anatomy at McGill and in 1875 Professor of clinical surgery. In 1877 after a period of study with Lister in Edinburgh, Roddick introduced antiseptic surgery into the M.G.H. In 1896 he was returned as federal M.P. for Montreal West and he drafted the legislation which created the Medical Council of Canada in 1911. From 1901 until his retirement in 1908, he served as McGill's Dean of Medicine. He was knighted in 1914.


Originals, 1897-1921, 2 cm (Large MSS)

His papers comprise correspondence concerning the McGill Medical Faculty from Lord Strathcona, the Victorian Order of Nurses, the Red Cross, and a Boer War Relief Fund.


Howard Ross was born in Montréal. He received his B.A. from McGill in 1930, an M.A. from Oxford in 1932 and became a C.A. in 1937. A partner in the accounting firm of Touche, Ross, Bailey and Smart, he also served as president of the Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants' Committee on Accounting and Auditing Research, and for a term as president of the Québec Institute of Chartered Accountants. He wrote a textbook, The Elusive Art of Accounting. From 1959 to 1964, Ross sat on the Board of Governors as graduate representative, and in 1964 he became Chancellor of the University. In 1969 he resigned the Chancellorship to become Dean of the newly-created Faculty of Management, a position he held until his retirement in 1973.


Originals, and Printed Materials, 1927-1979, 32 cm (M.G. 1012)

These papers fall into three series: speeches; files relating to McGill committees before Ross was Chancellor; and personal and biographical material.

Apart from formal speeches delivered as Chancellor at the opening of buildings and convocations, Ross's addresses and articles reveal his interest in professional development and research in accountancy and in questions of national economic policy. These were written for or delivered to McGill conferences, meetings of professional organizations of chartered accountants, financial analysts and business executives.

Files on McGill committees contain minutes of the Committee on Fraternities (1959-1962) and of the Committee on Chartered Accountants at McGill (1950-1951).

Ross's biographical files contain degrees and certificates (1927-1977), programmes and other memorabilia from Oxford (ca 1930-1932), newsclippings about Ross (ca 1963-1968) and a few items of personal correspondence (1964-1974). His trip to Russia is documented by correspondence, notes and printed materials (1967-1969), and he wrote formal accounts of his journeys to South America and the Far East. A personal financial account book covers the years 1964-1969. These materials are supplemented by obituary clippings and letters about Ross written to his wife after his death (1974-1979).

Ross' papers as Chancellor and as Dean of the Faculty of Management may be found in Record Groups 2 and 28.


C.K. Russel joined the McGill Medical Faculty in 1906 as Assistant Demonstrator in clinical medicine. In 1913 he became Lecturer in clinical neurology and held various positions including Associate Professor, 1937-1945.


Originals, 1905, ca 1932-1947 (Acc. 325, 404)

The papers of C.K. Russel include American Neurological Association material, 1934-1941; army files, 1939-1943; correspondence, 1905; lecture notes and reprints with a card index.




A native of Québec City, F.R. Scott has led a varied life as a poet, constitutional lawyer, and politician. He completed his schooling in Québec in 1919, taught for one year, and then went to Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar in 1920. Scott returned to Montréal in 1923 and entered the Law School at McGill University in 1924. During this time he was involved in The McGill Daily Literary Supplement and The McGill Fornightly Review which he helped to establish. In 1928 he joined the Law Faculty at McGill as Assistant Professor of constitutional and federal law. In 1931-1932, Scott and historian Frank Underhill founded the League for Social Reconstruction, a socialist study group. During the 1930s and 1940s, he was involved in editing and contributing to a number of literary magazines, was active with the C.C.F., and published his first collection of poetry, Overture, in 1945. He published Events and Signals in 1954 and Eye of the Needle in 1957. He was appointed Macdonald Professor of Law in 1955 and was Dean of Law from 1961 to 1963. During the 1960s, Scott helped found the New Party, the successor to the C.C.F. and the predecessor to the N.D.P. Following his retirement from active party politics, he served on the Royal Commission on Biculturalism and Bilingualism. In 1977 his Essays on the Constitution won the Governor-General's Award.


Originals, Microfilm, Photocopy, 1919-1974, 4 cm, 19 reels (M.G. 2004)

Photocopy of speeches delivered at Scott's 70th birthday celebration dinner (1969), and of notes for his courses in Admiralty Law and Maritime Law and Carriers (ca 1940). The microfilm of Scott's papers are divided into two series. Series One, 1919-1958, contains only that material written or collected by Scott before 1958 and it is completely integrated in terms of his political, legal and literary activities. Series Two was created in 1959 when he moved to a new office in the Faculty of Law. This series contains material primarily originating from 1959 to 1978; however, some material has been brought forward from earlier files for use or review in relation to more recent activities. Also included on microfilm are his scrapbooks, 1924-1974, documenting Scott's career since the 1920s. The originals are in the Public Archives of Canada.


Biblical scholar R.B.Y. Scott was born in Toronto and received his B.A. (1922), M.A. (1924) and Ph.D. (1928) from the University of Toronto. From 1928 to 1931 he was Professor of Old Testament language and literature at the Union College of British Columbia and from 1931 to 1955 at the United Theological College of Montréal. From 1948 until 1955 he taught Old Testament at McGill and served as Dean of the Faculty of Divinity from 1948 to 1949. From 1955 until 1968 he was Professor of religion at Princeton. Scott was a member of the World Council of Churches (1949-1955) and chairman of the Canadian Ecumenical Study Committee (1951-1955). His publications centre on topics in Old Testament languages and Biblical archeology.


Originals, Printed Materials and Photographs, ca 1920-1966, 22 cm (M.G. 2005)

Scott's papers comprise notes, photographs, reprints and some correspondence on Biblical archeology, particularly weights, seals and coins (ca 1920-1966).


H.N. Segall became a demonstrator in pathology at McGill in 1921. He was Assistant Professor of medicine, 1949-1960.


Originals and Sound-tapes, 1908-1979 (Acc. 508, 530, 558, 580, 636, 638)

The Segall papers include correspondence, interviews, notes, experimental notebooks, lecture notes, articles, speeches, patients' records, electrocardiagrams and reprints. Also included is material pertaining to the Louis Gross Memorial lectures, 1922-1979; and Segall's reminiscences, including taped interviews, about Maude Abbott and Norman Bethune.


Physicist A. Norman Shaw was born in England and educated in Bermuda and Montréal. He graduated in mathematics and physics from McGill in 1908 and in 1911 he won the R.O. King Fellowship to Caius College, Cambridge. There he worked for two years as a research student at the Cavendish Laboratory under Sir J.J. Thomson. Shaw returned to join the staff of Macdonald College in 1913. In 1918, he transferred to the McGill Physics Department; he was appointed Chairman in 1935 and retired in 1952. Shaw's research work was largely in the area of thermodynamics.


Originals, Photographs and Printed Materials, 1904-1952, 1.8 m (M.G. 2006)

These papers cover Shaw's research and teaching activities, his work with associations, and the progress of his personal career.

Shaw's research papers and reading notes (1909-ca 1924) include reports on zonal harmonics and electrodynameter constants, a group of notes, graphs, photographs, letters and draft articles on tides in the lower St. Lawrence (1917-1924) and on meteorological tests at Father Point (1917), and an outline for a book on heat.

His university teaching is documented by lecture notes, supplemented by synopses, experiment outlines and assignments, for courses taught by Shaw between 1918 and 1934. These include courses in mechanics (1918), the kinetic theory of matter, and submolecular physics (1919-1920), molecular physics (1923-1924, 1928-1929), electricity (1919), thermodynamics (1920-1922, 1931-1934), thermoelectricity (ca 1931), and heat, light, and sound (1921-1922). Extension courses and popular lectures from 1919-1936 are covered by copies of approximately 18 lectures, occasionally with newsclippings or correspondence attached, on molecular structure, electronics, relativity, heat, crystal structure, solar eclipses, and the social and historical dimensions of science.

Correspondence files deal with Shaw's involvement with scientific associations. These cover the American Association for the Advancement of Science's 1938 meeting in Ottawa, and the activities of the Canadian Journal of Research (1947-1950). Shaw's presidency of the Québec division of the Association Committee on Physics and Engineering Physics (1925-1926) is documented by correspondence, materials collected for the division's 1926 report, and reports of the Associate Committees annual meetings, 1923-1930. There is also a copy of Shaw's 1932 Presidential Address to Section III of the Royal Society of Canada.

The progress of Shaw's career is recorded by a few dozen letters regarding his appointment at McGill and his application for a post at Lehigh University (1911-1927); printed memorabilia of Cambridge events, photographs of Cavendish Laboratory associates, and about a half dozen brief notes from Sir J.J. Thomson; C.O.T.C. training materials (1914-1916); correspondence with William Bell Cartmel on ether drift experiments (1934-1938); club accounts; a few personal letters (ca 1930); and several photographic portraits of Shaw.


Thomas Shaw was born in Montréal and graduated in medicine from McGill in 1893. He served as Lecturer in physiology at McGill from 1910 to 1915, and in physiological chemistry from 1915 to 1920. Shaw practiced medicine in Montréal for 36 years, and was connected with the Western Hospital, where he inaugurated the children's ward.


Original, ca 1906, 1 item (M.G. 3094)

This typescript paper is entitled "A study of the absorption of fats in infants" by T.P. Shaw and A. Lorne C. Gilday, ca 1906.


Frank Shepherd was born in Como, Québec, and took his medical degree from McGill in 1873. After further studies in Britain and in Europe, he returned to McGill in 1875 as Demonstrator in anatomy. In 1879 he joined the staff of the Montreal General Hospital. Shepherd also served as Professor of Dermatology from 1908 to 1913, and as Dean of the Faculty from 1908 to 1914. He retired as Emeritus Dean and Professor in 1919.


Originals and Printed Materials, 1869-1929, 12 cm (M.G. 1090)

Shepherd's papers consist of a scrapbook of clippings of his own articles, reviews, editorials and letters to the editor from medical journals (1869-1929), clipped obituaries from the British Medical Journal and a fragmentary autobiography to 1875. Biographical or autobiographical notes and a report on a visit to European medical schools in 1887 were probably compiled by Shepherd, ca 1920-1924, as they are written on the backs of his incoming personal letters.


Originals and Typescripts, 1869-1872, 1905-1924 (Acc. 95, 96, 276, 364, 377)

These Shepherd papers include addresses, 1905-1912, an admission ticket, 1872, and originals or typescripts of "An atomical reminiscences" ca 1919, "First medical school in Canada" 1924 and "Notes on materia medica, Medical Faculty, McGill College" 1869.


Born in Snelgrove, Ontario, John F. Snell obtained his B.A. from the University of Toronto in 1894 and his Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1898. Snell joined the faculty of McGill University in 1907 and became the first Professor of chemistry at Macdonald College. Upon his retirement in 1936 as Professor Emeritus, he was appointed by the Board of Governors at McGill as honorary historian of Macdonald College. The result of his research was published after his death as History of Macdonald College of McGill University (McGill University Press, 1963).


Originals, and Printed Materials, 1857-1966, 32 cm (M.G. 2007)

Snell's research files for his history of Macdonald College contain drafts of the book, and files of notes, extracts and clippings collected as background material. Included are two volumes of an attendance register from an unidentified Québec public school, 1857-1869.


David N. Solomon obtained his B.A. (1939) and M.A. (1942) in sociology from McGill University and later received his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago (1952). He joined the staff of McGill University and was Assistant Professor of sociology and anthropology from 1955 to 1960, becoming Associate Professor in 1961. He also served as Chairman of the Department of Sociology from 1971 to 1975.


Copies, 1974, 1976, 2 items (M.G. 3022)

Solomon's papers contain copies of two essays, "My Life as a Student and Teacher at McGill: 1934-1974" (1974), and "Innovation and Personal Strategies: A Study of Work in a New Outpatient Clinic", co-authored with Anita Heller (1976).


Alfred Stansfield was born in Bradford, Yorkshire, and graduated from the Royal School of Mines in 1891. From 1891 to 1898 he served as research assistant in W. Roberts Austen's laboratories at the Royal Mint. He later obtained his B.Sc. and D.Sc. degrees from London University and in 1898 joined the staff of the Royal School of Mines. In 1901 Stansfield became Professor of metallurgy at McGill and was appointed Birks Professor of Metallurgy in 1912. He retired from McGill in 1936 as Professor Emeritus. Stansfield wrote a number of articles and papers, as well as two important volumes on his specialty, The Electric Furnace (1914, 2nd ed.) and The Electric Furnace for Iron and Steel (1923).


Originals and Printed Materials, 1908-1949, 2 cm (M.G. 3006)

These papers contain biographical materials, such as Stansfield's curriculum vitae and testimonials in application for a professorship at the Royal School of Mines (1908), press releases on his retirement, printed biographical sketches and lists of publications. Diplomas and patents for iron ore reduction document his scientific career. His own writings comprise a dinner speech to the McGill Mining and Metallurgy Society (1936), an essay entitled "A Quaker looks at war" (1941) and a biographical sketch of William Roberts-Austen. A covering letter from John Tait encloses the latter's essay on gardening (1935).

STANSFIELD, JOHN, fl 1904-1919

John Stansfield was educated at Emmanuel College, Cambridge and worked as an oil prospector for the Rajah of Sarawak before coming to McGill in 1910. From 1910 to 1919 he was lecturer in geology, and consulted for the Geological Survey of Canada. He left McGill to undertake exploration for the Standard Oil Company.


Originals, 1904-ca 1919, 12 cm (M.G. 2008)

Stansfield's student notebooks comprise three volumes of the geology lectures of Dr. Marr (1904). Research notes include laboratory records and a draft article on dolomite, and scattered notes on palaeontology and stratigraphy. His work as a teacher is documented by lecture notes on economic geography for a course given to McGill commerce students (1911).

STEWART, R. CAMERON, fl 1924-1950

R.C. Stewart was assistant demonstrator in paediatrics, 1924-1927 and demonstrator, 1928-1936, 1943-1949. He was also assistant physician to the Student Health Service, 1946-1949.


Originals, n.d., 8 items (Acc. 88)

The correspondence of Stewart concerns one of the first vaccinations against smallpox in Canada, together with baptismal certificates of the Blackwell children and a newspaper clipping.


Sullivan was a Professor of mathematics at McGill University from 1908 to 1946. He became Emeritus Professor of Mathematics in 1947.


Originals, ca 1927-1950, 80 cm (M277.002.36)

The papers consist of mathematical articles and problems including notes and headings on the metrics calculus, theory of algebric curves, 1927-1928, and lectures on algebra, geometry and curves.


Nova Scotian William D. Tait received his B.A. from Dalhousie and his M.A. from Harvard University. Tait joined the staff of McGill in 1909 as lecturer in experimental psychology; he was promoted to Assistant Professor in 1914, Associate Professor in 1921 and Professor in 1924. From 1924 until his death, he served as chairman of the Department. Apart from teaching and research, largely in educational psychology, Tait acted as consultant to government; he was a member of the Industrial Conference in Ottawa (1919) and of the labour committee of the Federal Cabinet.


Originals, ca 1920-1943, 15 cm (M.G. 2010)

Tait's papers fall into two sections, correspondence and manuscripts. The correspondence is largely devoted to the family property in Nova Scotia and other domestic matters, but there are also files regarding his work at McGill (1928-1942) and at the Nova Scotia Summer School in Education (1927-1941), and a few letters to and from Vincent Massey (1926-1940). Approximately a third of these papers are drafts of publications on practical psychology, behaviour and behaviourism, educational psychology, psychopathology and social applications of psychology. (ca 1920-1930).


Born at Westlock, Alberta, Dale C. Thomson obtained his B.A. from the University of Alberta in 1948. He then studied at the Université de Paris from which he received his Diplome de l'Institut d'études politiques in 1950 and his Doctorat ès Lettres in 1951. Thomson served as secretary to Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent from 1953 to 1958, and later wrote a biography of St. Laurent. He was professor of political science at the Université de Montréal from 1960 to 1973 and director of the Center for Canadian Studies and Professor of Canadian Studies at the Johns Hopkins University from 1969 to 1973. Thomson served as Vice-Principal (Planning) at McGill University from 1973 to 1976, and is presently Professor of political science at McGill. He is the author of numerous articles and books, including Québec Society and Politics: Views from the Inside, 1973. For his records as Vice-Principal (Planning), see Administration Records, Record Group 3.


Copy, 1977, 1 item (M.G. 2040)

These papers comprise of a photocopy Thomson's "Mémoire à la Commission parlementaire de l'Assemblée nationale du Québec à propos du projet de loi no. 1, Charte de la langue française", 1977.


Scientist and university administrator David Thomson was born in Aberdeen, Scotland. He received his B.Sc. and M.A. from Aberdeen University and his Ph.D. from Cambridge in 1928. After a period of post-graduate study on the Continent, he came to McGill in 1928 as lecturer in biochemistry. He was appointed as full Professor in 1937 and was named Gilman Cheney Professor in 1947. In 1941, Thomson became Chairman of the Biochemistry Department and in 1942, Dean of the Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research. From 1955 until the tragic concussion that forced his retirement in 1962, Thomson served as McGill's Vice-Principal. Thomson's research work centred on endocrinology and metabolism. He was consultant to the Federal government on questions of nutrition, and was heavily involved with both learned bodies and inter-university organizations. A man of wide reading and ready wit, he was also a sought-after public speaker and radio broadcaster on topics both scientific and literary.


Originals, Printed Materials, Photographs, 1922-1963, 1.5 m (M.G. 2050)

Thomson's papers concern his research, his consultations with government, and his involvement in learned societies and university associations. As well, a significant percentage of the material is of a non-professional and private nature, focussing on Thomson as a public speaker.

Papers devoted to research consist of 18 cm of background notes, summaries and extracts on nutrition, protein and carbohydrate metabolism, and vitamins. Approximately 3 m of card index contains summaries of Thomson's professional reading in the 1920s and 1930s. For the 1940s and 1950s, the papers deal mainly with consulting. They consist of correspondence and reports for the Defence Department (1942-1946), the Canadian Council on Nutrition (1946-1955) and the Canadian Council on Dietary Standards (1950-1957). Nutrition, and research in this field, are also the subjects of correspondence with the Royal Society, the Medical Research Council, and the Canada Council in this period. Thomson's work as a university teacher is documented by lecture outlines and examination question papers. His administrative positions involved him in the National Council of Canadian Universities: these correspondence files (1946-1949) deal with academic exchange, scholarships, travel funds and conferences.

Speaking engagements are recorded by correspondence (1953-1954) and in drafts for speeches delivered between 1950 and 1961. Only a few of these discuss scientific topics; most are on the nature of education, the relation of science to society, and of science to literature. There are also book reviews and background files of quotations and humourous poetry. There is also correspondence which Thomson generated as the Chairman of the Nutrition Committee of the Montreal Council of Social Agencies (1939-1944).

Financial affairs, personal purchases and charities, travel expenses, and publications (particularly his Life of the Cell) dominate the private papers (1925-1963). There are also correspondence files maintained by Thomson's secretary during his last illness.

For Thomson's files as Vice-Principal, see Administrative Records, Record Group 3, and for those created as Dean of Graduate Faculty, see Record Group 36.




Frederick William Torrance was born in Montréal in 1823 and was educated at Nicolet College in Québec and at Edinburgh University. He studied law in Montréal and was called to the bar of Lower Canada in 1848. He received his B.C.L. from McGill in 1856. Torrance practised in Montréal for twenty years and was appointed Queen's Counsel in 1867 and judge in 1868. He was one of the founders of the Lower Canada Jurist in 1857 and was its managing editor during the first four years of its existence. From 1854 to 1870 he was Lecturer and Professor of Roman law at McGill University and was a Governor of the University from 1870 until his death. In 1865 Torrance was appointed a commissioner to inquire into the St. Alban's raid.


Originals and Copies, 1856-1861, 5 cm (CH269.Bd220, CH393.Bd250)

These papers, some of which concern the British-American Land Co., consist of copies of deeds executed by Torrance for the period 1856 to 1861, and a notebook of opinions on Québec legal questions, including copies of letters from the firm Torrance & Morris (1857-1859).


Architect Ramsey Traquair was born in Edinburgh and educated at Edinburgh University, the Edinburgh College of Art, and the University of Bonn. In 1913 he emigrated to Canada and became Professor of Architecture at McGill University. The following year he was named Macdonald Professor of Architecture and from 1933 until his retirement in 1938 he served as director of the School of Architecture. In 1939 he became Emeritus Professor.

Traquair's major work was a book on The Old Architecture of Québec, but he also published studies of Québec silversmithing and a number of articles on aesthetic and social aspects of architecture. He designed McGill's flag as well as book-plates and windows in University buildings.


Originals and Printed Materials, ca 1911-1940, 36 cm (M.G. 3089)

Traquair's papers largely concern his work as a lecturer. School of Architecture lectures in architectural history cover the classical, mediaeval and modern periods (ca 1935-1936), while those on architectural ornament are largely devoted to lettering. Miscellaneous lectures, about 30 in number, were delivered between about 1924 and 1937 to various audiences, such as school children, extension students and members of art and architectural associations. They deal with architectural history, architectural principles both aesthetic and social, and other art forms (painting, carpets, heraldry etc.)

Material relating to Traquair's publications includes drafts of about 15 articles on many of the same topics as the lectures described above, and stemming from the same period. A special series of notes and manuscripts, together with some correspondence, illustrates Traquair's research on Québec arts.


Originals, Photographs and Printed Materials, ca 1930-1940, 7 m and ca 550 drawings

Traquair's original drawings include five designs for architectural decorations. The rest of the papers are research and teaching materials. There are also ca 550 measured drawings of historic buildings in Montréal, Québec City and elsewhere in the province made by Traquair and his students; teaching notes and student projects; and research files on historical buildings in Québec province, containing notes, correspondence and some printed material. Approximately 5 m of photographs portray landscapes, historical buildings, furnishings, and rural people at work in Québec; some copies of historical prints and photographs are also included. The historical architecture of Québec is also the subject of 1 m of plastic negatives, and a further 40 cm shows old Québec silver-ware.


Born in Vancouver, B.C., Barbara Logan Tunis, graduated from the University of British Columbia in 1944 with a Public Health Diploma. She received her nurse's training at the Royal Jubilee Hospital, Victoria, British Columbia and served in the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps from 1944 to 1945. Entering McGill in 1945, she was one of the first to obtain a Bachelor of Nursing degree in 1946. In 1966, the McGill University Press published her history of the School for Graduate Nurses, In Caps and Gowns: The Story of the School for Graduate Nurses McGill University, 1920-1964.


Originals, Typescript, ca 1960-1966, 30 cm (M.G. 3048)

The Barbara Tunis papers comprise research notes, bibliography, manuscript, edited typescripts and proofs for In Caps and Gowns.


A native of Chelsea, Illinois, William Van Horne began working on railroads in 1857, serving in various capacities on the Michigan Central Railway (1858-1864) and on the Chicago and Alton Railway (1864-1872). He served as the general superintendent of the Chicago and Alton Railway from 1878 to 1879. In 1882 he was appointed general manager of the CPR; in 1884 he was elected vice-president and in 1888, president. Van Horne was a governor of McGill University from 1895 to 1915. He was created K.C.M.G. in 1894.


Originals and Printed Materials, 1901-1915, 5 cm (M.G. 2013)

This small file of Van Horne's correspondence concerns McGill affairs between 1901 and 1915. Apart from routine notices of Governors' meetings, there are appeals from professors for funds to purchase equipment, collections and scholarships, letters from Sir William Peterson on the appointment of Carrie Derrick as Professor of Botany, from E.B. Greenshields on the University Magazine and from others, including Sir William Macdonald, Helen R.Y. Reid and R. Tait Mackenzie.

VAUGHAN, WALTER, 1865-1922

Walter Vaughan was born in Wales where he was privately educated. Although he was called to the English bar, he never practised. In 1890 he came to Canada and entered the legal department of the Canadian Pacific Railway in Montréal. Vaughan remained there for seven years in the employ of Sir William Van Horne, whose biographer he became. From 1907 to 1918 Vaughan was Bursar of McGill University. After spending time in England and California, he returned to Montréal where he died in 1922. He is author of the book, The Life and Work of Sir William Van Horne (1920).


Originals, 1910-1920, 5 cm (CH402.Bd Box VII)

This consists of Vaughn's draft of Sir William Van Horne.


Born in Beddeck, Nova Scotia, Susan Cameron received her B.A. from McGill in 1895, and joined the staff of Royal Victoria College in 1899 as a lecturer in English. She served as Acting Warden of the College from 1905 to 1907 and as Assistant Warden from 1907 to 1918, when she left to marry the University Bursar, Walter Vaughan. Widowed in 1922, she returned to Royal Victoria College in 1928 as Assistant Warden, and served as Warden from 1931 until her retirement in 1937.


Originals, Printed Materials, ca 1899-1953, 75 cm (M.G. 4014)

Susan Cameron Vaughan's papers fall into three series: records of her work at Royal Victoria College, private papers, and literary manuscripts.

Fourteen volumes of her Royal Victoria College day books, spanning the years 1905-1918 and 1928-1937, combine daily memoranda of events at R.V.C. with materials of a more personal nature. In these books she recorded administrative decisions and comments on staff and students and perserved invitations, programmes, newsclippings, some letters, and notes for addresses. A single volume lists students of the College from 1905 to 1907, and records Susan Vaughan's opinions of their characters and prospects.

Her private papers comprise five diaries for the years ca 1899-1904, 1909 and 1930-1940. The earlier volumes record travels to England and Western Canada, and also subsequent volumes record daily activities and thoughts. There is about 1 cm of correspondence, ca 1914-1915, with Clara Lichtenstein and others.

Literary manuscripts, notes for addresses and clippings of some of Susan Vaughan's printed articles amount to about 4 cm, and cover the period ca 1910-1940. Topics include aspects of modern literature -- the Brownings, Thomas Hardy, Virginia Woolf, war poetry, and women in fiction -- educational questions, events at R.V.C., and a long poem "A Fable of Earth".


Arthur Walsh was born in Kingston, Ontario. He suspended his studies at McGill in 1916 to enlist in the Canadian Army Dental Corps, but returned after the war to receive his D.D.S. in 1920. After serving as Clinical Demonstrator at the McGill Dental Infirmary in the Montreal General Hospital, he was appointed director of the Dental Clinic in 1924. Walsh became Associate Professor of operative dentistry in 1925, and Professor of dental surgery in 1936. He was also Acting Dean of the Faculty from 1927 until 1940, when he was formally named Dean. He stepped down as Dean in 1947 and retired as Emeritus Professor in 1955. Deeply concerned with dental education, Walsh was a key figure in the formation of the Council on Education of the Canadian Dental Association, and a proponent of a biological approach to the teaching of dentistry.


Originals and Photographs, 1911-ca 1959, 1 cm (M.G. 2083)

Walsh's private papers are rather formal in nature, consisting largely of certificates of membership in various professional societies and social clubs, awards and medals, official papers such as his commission in the Canadian Army Dental Corps (1940), honorary degrees and the citation upon his appointment as Emeritus Professor (1955). The photographs fall into three classes: those from his student days, both informal snapshots and formal portraits with the Students' Council or sports teams; formal portraits of Walsh alone or in professional groups; and informal photographs with golfing friends.

WALTER, HERMANN, 1863-1952

Hermann Walter was born in Basel, Switzerland, and studied at the University of Neuchatel and at Edinburgh University, where he received his M.A. He earned his doctorate in oriental languages, specializing in Sanskrit and Pali, from the University of Tubingen. After teaching in private schools and colleges in Great Britain, Walter came to Montréal in 1900 to take up a post as lecturer in modern languages at McGill. After only a few months, he was appointed Professor and head of the department. The department was divided in 1922 and Walter became Chairman of the Department of Germanic Languages. In 1936, he retired as Emeritus Professor. Walter was a prolific writer and speaker; his major work was a study of Heine which appeared in 1931. He was a founder of the Montréal branch of the Goethe Society of America, and had a special interest in drama, producing plays by German and Scandinavian dramatists both at McGill and at the Montreal Repertory Theatre.


Originals, Printed Materials and Photographs, 1906-ca 1952, 20 cm (M.G. 2014)

The bulk of Walter's papers are manuscripts and typescripts of articles and lectures on literary topics. A few items reflect his interest in drama, and his private life.

The literary addresses and articles fall into three subject-areas: German, French, and Indian. A series of lectures to the Montreal Goethe Society (1932, 1933, 1935, 1936) discusses Goethe's biography, his attitudes to music, and his dramatic works. Goethe is also the subject of a McGill lecture (1906) and an article for University of Toronto Quarterly. In other lecture series, Walter treated Ibsen and the 20th century German novel (1936); and also left shorter studies of Adolf Schafheitlin, Superman in German literature, German bibliography, and, in an address to Shaar Hashamayim in 1933 political conditions in Germany. Addresses to the McGill Cercle Français and at University of Toronto discuss French phonetics, neologisms, symbolist literature, German universities, and Paul Lemaître. Walter's interest in Oriental civilization is reflected in a series of four lectures on Indian philosophy, religion and literature (1949) and an address on Yogis. His work as a book reviewer and drama critic is revealed by a file of clippings and typescripts.

Walter's 1936 production at McGill of von Kotzebue's "Die deutschen Kleinstadten" is documented by his annotated copy of the script and a scenery design. This and other dramatic productions are the subject of photographs and newsclippings in a biographical scrapbook. The scrapbook also contains testimonials to Walter and clippings of articles by and about his literary activity, and about a case of alleged attempted poisoning in which he was the plaintiff.


W.H. Watson was born in Edinburgh and graduated from the University of Edinburgh in 1921 with first class honours in mathematics and natural philosophy. From 1921 to 1928 he taught physics at the University of Edinburgh and earned his Ph.D. in 1925. In 1928 he went as Carnegie Research Fellow to the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge, where he worked under Sir Ernest Rutherford. He received a second doctorate from Cambridge in 1931, and in the same year joined the Physics Department at McGill. He remained here until 1944, when he went to the University of Saskatchewan. His major research interest lay in electromagnetism.


Originals, 1915, 8 items (M.G. 4016)

These materials consist of eight watercolours, mostly of flowers, done as schoolboy in 1915.


Carl Winkler was born at Virden, Manitoba and educated at the University of Manitoba (M.Sc. 1931), McGill (Ph.D. 1933) and Oxford (Ph.D. 1936). After working as a biophysicist for the National Research Council of Canada, he was appointed Assistant Professor of chemistry at McGill in 1939. He was promoted to Associate Professor in 1944 and full Professor in 1946. Winkler served as Chairman of the Chemistry Department from 1955 to 1961, Chairman of the Physical Sciences Group from 1956 to 1963 and Vice-Principal (Planning and Development) from 1966 to 1969.


Originals, Copies and Photographs, 1931-1974, 20 cm (M.G. 3043)

The bulk of these papers are records of research. Drafts of six articles co-authored by Winkler, a number of them on RDX, an explosive, are in some cases accompanied by graphs and correspondence. A file of notes, graphs and reports of research assistants focusses on solution polymerism. There is also a report by Winkler to the Federal Department of Agriculture on bacon (1940), and two draft articles by colleague J.A. Perce. Materials from his student years are also research oriented: his M.Sc. thesis on hydration of bio-colloids, and his Oxford Ph.D. dissertation "The kinetics of gas reactions". Teaching files contain three undergraduate research projects by Winkler's students, and lecture notes for courses in thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. Winkler's writings on non-scientific topics include addresses on the nature of education and the future of the Royal Society of Canada, his obituary of Clifford Purves for the Proceedings of the Royal Society of Canada (1966), and a diary of a visit to China (1974).


William Woodhead was born in Devonport, England, and educated at Christ's Hospital, Oxford, the University of Alberta and the University of Chicago. In 1924 he became Hiram Mills Professor of the Classics Department at McGill University. From 1934 to 1936 Woodhead served as Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Science; from 1943 to 1945 he was Chairman of the Humanities Group. He started the university scholarships programme and took an active interest in providing for the education of the children of McGill's staff. He was Emeritus Professor of Classics from 1955 to 1957.


Originals and Copies, 1924-1954, 12 cm (M.G. 2016)

Woodhead papers consists of the lecture notes prepared in connection with a survey course on Greek and Roman literature (1924-1954), as well as examination questions for this course (1951), and copies of humorous verse about McGill staff members.

YAFFE, LEO, 1916-

Leo Yaffe was born in Devil's Lake, North Dakota. He earned a B.Sc. in chemistry from the University of Manitoba in 1940, an M.Sc. in 1941 and a doctorate in radiochemistry from McGill in 1943. From 1943 until 1952, he worked for Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd. as a project leader in nuclear chemistry and tracer research. Yaffe returned to McGill as a Lecturer in 1954, was promoted to Associate Professor in 1954, and was named Macdonald Professor of Chemistry in 1958. From 1963 to 1968 he directed research at the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna. He served as Chairman of the Chemistry Department form 1965 to 1972, and as Vice-Principal (Administration) from 1974 to 1981.


Originals, Printed Materials, and Photographs, 1919-1973, 20 cm (M.G. 4046)

Yaffe's papers reflect his interest in the history of McGill and of chemistry, as well as his involvement in the construction of the Otto Maass Chemistry Building. Historical materials include photographs of F.M.G. Johnson, cartoons of McGill personalities as well as eight original Johnson cartoons; approximately 60 photographs of a chemical laboratory near Trenton, Ontario (ca 1910); snapshots of the Chemistry Department Ph.D. Open House (1967); portraits of McGill chemistry professors; clippings and biographical notices of McGill and chemistry interest; and an autograph document by Otto Maass agreeing to a division of profits from a discovery with W.H. Hatcher. Files on the Otto Maass building largely comprise photographs (approximately 115) of the building under construction and of the opening ceremonies as well as speeches, press notices, and related correspondence.